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Doyen of environmental protection globally famous, Padma Vibhushan Bahuguna turns 92 today

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world famous Chipko leader Sunder Lal Bahuguna
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Today is the 92nd Birthday of eminent environmentalist of world fame Sunderlal Bahuguna. While wishing the living legend all the very best n good luck for his long life , I m re publishing here the interview taken by me at his Dehradun residence about three years ago. It was indeed a great privilege to have got an opportunity to interview him. Hope you will go through n assess the interaction for yourself:

Interview of Sunder lal Bahuguna,
by SUNIL NEGI

Having completed 88 years of his struggleful life, a living legend and an institution in himself, Sunderlal Bahuguna is widely known as a Chipko leader of international fame. Recipient of many coveted honours for environment, ecological conservation n for preserving the forests of Uttarakhand Himalayas viz. Padmavibhushan, Padmashree, Jamunalal bajaj and prestigious international Right Livelyhood Awards, Sunderlal Bahuguna undertook 74 days of incessant hunger strike against Tehri dam during the eighties. Sunil Negi, a freelance journalist visited him at Dehradun and interviewed him in detail. Here are some excerpts of the interview.

Question: Sir, you‘ve just completed the protracted 88 challenging years of your life last month. You’ve almost given more than 7 decades of your pivotal life to environment conservation, against rampant deforestation and social service as a Gandhi an. How does u feel now?

As you know, having been on the 89th year of my life I am not keeping a good health. I am bed ridden most of the time. I am really grateful and rather thankful to my better half Vimlaji for looking after me entirely and taking care of my health very minutely. This is how I am able to push my immortality further ahead. However my son in law is also a senior doctor under whose able and experienced medical supervision and monitoring I am alive. I have been given to understand by the cardiologists that two of my heart’s arteries are blocked but due to being too old, surgery can’t be conducted. I am therefore moving ahead quite cautiously. Never mind, one has to leave this materialistic world one day. But till one is alive one should always try hard to live for the society, environment, ecology and peoples’ welfare. Even today I am deeply bothered and concerned about the environmental health of the Himalayas, Uttarakhand and its people. I regret to say that even after Uttarakhand gaining its separate existence 15 years’ ago , has not lived up truly, to the peoples’ expectations. The very concept for which Uttrakhand has been formed has been badly defeated despite 46 movement activists sacrificing their precious lives. The successive governments, I think eight in numbers, during the last 15 years , have proved to be completely futile as during this period more than 30 lakh people have migrated to cities, towns and metropolis of the country for want of better job and health avenues. What a tragedy? Had the governments of the state been genuinely concerned about people’s problems related to the social, economical, industrial, cultural, health and educational aspects, the exodus of the youth and the local populace would not have been so tremendous. Isn’t is shocking that in merely one and a half decade just more than a double digit figure( of people ) have migrated outside Uttarakhand as compared to the total influx during the last 5 decades prior to granting of separate Uttrakhand status.

Question: But the government of Uttarakhand had always been boasting of extraordinary growth rate and sufficient per capita income as compared to other states. What’s your take on this?

This is absurd and ridiculous. I have always been saying for years together and it has finally been substantiated by this mass scale exodus of youths to plains from UK and i.e. the youth and the water of Uttarakhand Himalayas has never been of any use for Uttarakhand.(Pahadon ki jawani aur paani kabhi bhi pahadon ke kaam nahi aaya).The way the water of the Ganges and its tributaries emanating(starting) from Uttarkhand Himalayas has been exploited by the outsiders either for power and irrigation through large scale dams or for other purposes, similarly the youths of Uttarakhand after migrating to cities and metropolis are of no use to the hills. This is something very unfortunate. You will be astonished and shocked to learn that during the 1960s when Dr. Longanathan had conducted the interstate and inter district economic survey in India, Tehri Garhwal was accounted for as the one of the most poorest districts’ with its per capita income the lowest in whole of India whereas the district of Kumaon division, Almora was the second most poorest in the country. And unfortunately even today, despite of the government’s tall claims of revolutionary change in terms of development and per capita income and growth, in my personal opinion the hills of Uttarakhand are still backward and poor as far as the question of unemployment, poor health services and industrialisation is concerned. It’s only because of the lack of total absence of decentralised socio-economic and industrial development and the anti people policies of the current and the successive state governments that Uttarakhand is still a number one state in India in terms of massive exodus of youths to the cities with villages becoming empty day by day and the agricultural fields not prone to KHETI or crop cultivation. During the ancient days the main source of income of the hill people was through spiritual tourism. Now, since roads have been constructed this very source of income of the local hill populace has also been finished. It sounds extremely surprising that in Uttarakhand the land use per human is comparatively much more but poverty is still prevalent in the interior villages, as usual. Our economic sources have been killed. The state’s economic status is in doldrums despite the government’s tall claims of economic prosperity. The hill of Uttarakhand had been merely dependent on the money order economy since ages and the same trend is still continuing as majority of the youths of the state have migrated to cities for jobs. This a very disturbing trend. If the government of the day would not reform itself and work on decentralised economic development right up to the village level I am afraid in the near future the villages will be totally bereft of people and the very purpose for which the Uttrakhand state came into very existence would be actually defeated.

Question: Being a seasoned environmentalist and a Gandhian what is the actual remedy to this very problem?

I personally think that the spate of huge exodus (migration) to the plains is extremely dangerous form the social, economic, cultural and security points of view of Uttarakhand. And I keep the security aspect on the top. It’s a universal fact that expansionist China considers India as its enemy number one, though number of mutual visits by the respective heads of the states of both the countries is being undertaken for normalisation of the relations. Everybody know how China backstabbed us in 1962 after giving the slogan of Hindi Cheeni Bhai Bhai. Today China is actively constructing its Army bases in neighbouring Nepal. It has even laid down its hi tech railway lines and roads in close proximity to our borders with Nepal playing a major role in helping them. Even the Nepalese population is widespread in various blocks, districts and cities of Uttarakhand. China is absolutely readying itself to capture, militarily our border areas and villages by bringing the local Nepalese people into confidence. Moreover, in view of our border villages being emptied day by day by the local populace in view of dearth of employment and other opportunities our already fragile borders are in grave danger. It’s only because of this major lacunae I had always been appealing to the central government to formulate a concrete Hiamalayan policy for all the Himalayan states of the country so as to enable not only the solid conservation of the environment of the Himalayas but also to safeguard the borders of the Himalayan states from the possible Chinese armed intrusion inside our already porous borders. Apart from this, we will also have to change the land use of the hills including the phased wise clearance of the pine trees from the higher altitudes of the hilly terrains which are direct threat to our agricultural and mountainous lands(slopes) making them totally barren and not prone to cultivation any further. The pine trees make the soil fully acetic and therefore impotent in terms of crops cultivation. All these measures would have to be inculcated in the Himalayan Policy structure of the government if we actually y want our hills, Himalayan states and Himalayas to be protected from future onslaughts of the nature and our neighbouring China. In addition to this the government is hell bent upon constructing bigger dams in the Himalayan states which are completely anti environment, anti rivers, anti people and anti development. In nutshell I would say that formulation of a concrete Himalayan policy with the above cited points and change of land use of Uttarakhand hills compounded with small and run of the river hydropower projects n repatriation of people from cities to hills is the only effective alternative that can save Uttarakhand from further destruction and deaths.

Question: Recently, the government of Uttarakhand had in principle agreed to your proposal that the pine trees situated at high altitudes of the mountains will be abruptly cut in a phased manner, under a special policy to rid the hills of this dangerous species, which is entirely harmful . Does it not amount to fulfilling of one of your major long pending demands? Are u satisfied now?

Had it been so easy and convenient, I think the previous governments would have conveniently made the Uttarakhand hills bereft of these pine trees. Making hills bereft of pine trees is one thing but planning multiple species of productive and environmentally friendly tree in large numbers alternatively to substantiate for the losses of pine is another important aspect of the problem. You see, you can’t make the forests bald at a single go without arranging for planting of huge number of good species on the high altitude terrains. If the mountainous terrains are made completely bereft of pine trees in a single go or even in phased manner the hills will become completely bald and there will be imminent danger of earthquakes, floods, landslides, natural catastrophes and other sort of calamities. The roots of the trees not only keep the soil together but also stop the floods and avoids huge landslides are the order of the day in the Uttarakhand Hills. Not only this but the ­ incessant and massive cutting of pine trees will apart from creating environmental and ecological havoc also create a new breed of timber mafia who under the guise of making huge profits will also cut other useful species of productive and environment friendly trees. Uttarakhand is unfortunately already in the grip of such mafias who are amassing huge wealth in collaboration with politicians by way of illegal mining in various parts of the state as a result of which the already fragile environment of Uttarakhand is at stake and giving birth to natural calamities of gigantic proportions.

Question: You had always been concerned for the environmental conservation and deforestation of the Hills and had been on 74 days hunger strike against Tehri dam. How do u look at the catastrophic disaster of Kedar Valley that happened in June 2013. Can we avert such calamities in the near future?

Nobody can ever control the catastrophic disasters nor can we predict it on definite basis as to when exactly the calamity arrives. Yes we do can counter it to a great extent. Today unfortunately, under the guise of revolutionary scientific developments and the blind uncontrolled race of technological advancements, the whole world is under the grip of global warming created by huge green house emissions. A vast population of India and other countries of the world are suffering from various respiratory disorders and diseases like asthma, of heart and lungs including contagious abnormalities. This dangerous trend of global warming has not only increased the mortality rate world over but has also resulting in speedy melting of the Himalayan glaciers which are highly dangerous to the global civilization’s existence. The gigantic Himalayan catastrophe of 2013 which I consider purely a manmade one is merely an indication of future disasters in the offing measuring as just a tip of an iceberg. Whenever the humanity has played with the nature under the guise of anti environmental scientific developments or advancements, the nature has slapped humanity and governments with massive ecological disasters like that of Kedar valley one that happened in June 2013.Uttarakhand Himalaya is considered to be an abode of Gods where spiritual and cultural tourism would have been majorly encouraged but unfortunately the unholy nexus of the capitalists, builders, contractor, politicians and corrupt bureaucracy has by way of building huge dams, buildings, luxury hotels, buildings for commercial gains and huge structures alongside the rivers have literally played havoc with our already fragile environment, hills, rivers and the local populace thus inviting such huge calamities taking the toll of thousands and leading to colossal loss to public exchequer. We shouldn’t forget that huge dams not only control the smooth flow of rivers, but also lead to massive landslides and therefore in return to flash floods. The explosions at dam sites lead to landslides and make our hills hollow and vibratory from inside. Lots of deforestation takes place. Mountains become bereft of plants, trees and green vegetation. And when earthquake occur the hollow and weak hills in the form of huge landslides including building come down like the pack of cards. The tons of silt coming out of the tunnels of dams fall straightaway in the rivers making them narrow and hugely prone to flash floods. There are umpteen other reasons that make our hills and its environment prone to such disasters and fatal consequences.

Question: lst query. How do u rate the internationally famous CHIPKO MOVEMENT of which you were a very significant part. Do u think that it was a successful movement or a failure, not able to come to peoples’ expectation?

In my personal opinion and also in the opinion of environmentalists’ world over Chipko Movement was a trendsetter which mobilised a vast population of the globe towards environment conservation and against deforestation. It make people mobilised and worked as a major and most effective tool that not only made people environmentally friendly, conscious but also led to many struggles felling of trees and construction of big dams world over. I can say it did have a very strong international presence but not that much effective in India. I salute Gaura Devi who was the chief architect of this movement for her perseverance, grit , determination and dedication to this noble cause. Any movement which has with it the continuity is considered as success but in the context of this movement it definitely lacked the sequel. Had the governments strictly followed the tips of Chipko movement on toto I am sure the hills of Uttarakhand Himalayas , its environment, ecology and the conditions of its people would have improved manifold by now. My two main slogans to preserve the ecology of the hills and improve the lot of the people were” Dhaar Einch Paani meaning bring the water through the hydraulic system or other means on the hill tops” ar Dhaal par taal meaning plant productive trees and fruit plants on the slopes of these hills in huge numbers leading to all round prosperity, progress and economic viability of the hills, its environment and the people. That’s it.

1 Comment

1 Comment

  1. Niharika Ghia

    January 10, 2019 at 4:39 AM

    May he be blessed with a healthy life

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Sunil Negi hails from Uttarakhand and is a veteran journalist and author. He is a prolific writer and has carved a name for himself in the media world. He received the 'Golden Achiever Award' in the '90th AIAC Excellence Awards 2019' for his book ''Havoc in Heaven'' based on the tragedy that struck Uttarakhand in which thousands of people lost their lives. He is also the President of Uttarakhand Journalists Forum and majorly writes on Politics, Current Affairs, and Social Issues.



1 Comment

  1. Niharika Ghia

    January 10, 2019 at 4:39 AM

    May he be blessed with a healthy life

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EDITOR'S PICK

ART OF CRACKING CIVIL SERVICE EXAMINATION

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When we look up sky is the limit but on this earth cracking the civil service examination is the ultimate for each competitive aspirant. Every year 3 to 4 lacs students sit for the litmus test but less than thousands finally crossed the end hurdle. No doubt cracking the civil service examination, we need some preparation but it is not impossible. Aspirants from the word go must make the right strategy and select appropriate books and materials to conquer the test.

Most students prepare for the civil service examination after their graduation examination or after the publication of the result. But if you need a result in favor of your then start your preparation after 10th or at maximum 12th standard. Because NCERT books which you read in schooldays are the most basic essence or gateway to the temple of success.

Thinking of students who used to falter and those who finally come out as a winner, the basic difference is the right approach or strategy as books and materials are the same for each aspirant. History reminds us there are many instances where an average student achieve the miraculous feet if he or she has the zest, zen, and zeal to surpass their counterparts.  Before commencing the arduous journey aspirants must go through following aspects———-

  • Analyzing previous year questions with answers
  • Go through seriously and vividly The Hindu daily and mostly the editorial portion
  • Selecting the right books and avoiding unnecessary materials or books for the same subject(Take the help of good and right mentor)
  • Cover the entire syllabus because UPSC is unpredictable
  • Never prepare for preliminary examination only but for the main examination at the outset which will help you crack the prelims.
  • While studying any subject, start preparing probable and expected questions as per the syllabus and previous year questions.
  • Last but not the least commence your journey with the right strategy, appropriate approach and perfect attitude

Another important aspect of cracking the civil service examination is selecting the right coaching or guide as most of the students are unaware of the civil service examination.

May God bless you. Best of luck for upcoming exams and the rest of your life.

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Education

JNU to hold third convocation to award alumni Nirmala Sitharaman, S Jaishankar

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The Jawaharlal Nehru University is ready to hold its third convocation in August. During the executive council meeting held today, it was decided to award the Minister of Finance and former minister of defence Nirmala Sitharaman and Minister of External Affairs Subrahmanyam Jaishankar during the ceremony.

Both the union ministers are alumni of JNU. Sitharaman pursued MA from the School of Social Sciences (SSS) and MPhil from the School of International Studies at JNU. Jaishankar pursued MPhil and doctoral research at the School of International Studies from the Delhi-based varsity. He also specialised in nuclear diplomacy at JNU.

The two will be the first-ever recipients of the ‘Distinguished Alumni Award’ bestowed by the varsity.

Today the Executive Council of JNU decided to bestow the newly established Distinguished Alumni Award upon Smt. Nirmala Sitaraman and Shri. S. Jaishankar in the third convocation to be held in August 2019. They will be the first recipients of the Distinguished Alumni Award. pic.twitter.com/ElSuDTsh9m

JNU held its second convocation after 46 years in 2018 after the UGC asked the central varsities to hold the ceremonial ritual of conferring the degrees. The ritual is being carry-forwarded this year as well. The first convocation was held in 1972.

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A unique example of empowering the children of the poorest of the poor through education and skills

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Teacher Sangeeta rendering free education and skill training to the children of the poorest of the poor
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In this materialistic world when nobody has time for anybody, there is one selfless teacher, wedded to the cause of upgrading the socio educational standards of extremely poor, hapless n deprived children who are either parentless, have no source of income, constrained to beg in the society for survival or penniless.

Such outstanding human beings with generosity, compassion and will to do something incredible for these worst lots of the society in the eyes of people are seldom seen or found.

But yes we have one extraordinary example in Srinagar, Garhwal, Uttarakhand, a teacher by profession namely Sangeeta Faraasi.

This outstanding woman with exceptional commitment n dedication goes in the MALEEN BASTIES, the localities at the lowest ebb n enthuses children of the poorest of poor classes to learn reading n writing so as to become a credible citizen of the country tomorrow and stand at par with the educated, rich n affluents by the dint of their hard work, maximum education and knowledge.

Can anybody believe that teacher Sangeeta Faraasi with limited resources based in Srinagar, Pauri Garhwal has so far helped freed 10 students of the beggers families and get them addmitted in local schools.

She educates these poorest of the poor children for two hours every evening free of costs voluntarily.

She had also organised a summer camp for the children of these marginalised and economic deprived classes in which she imparts them educative training in vocational skills as well.

In the summer camp she teaches the children and tiny tots about craft, drawing, singing, nukkad naataks and paintings to generate interest in them towards extra co currical activities and also entice them towards reading n writing.

This small summer camp will continue for a week from 31st June to 6th june and good number of poor children are being brought here for training in skills n other curricular activities. Besides these camps Mrs Sangeeta Farasi also gives free tutions to the poor student for every two hours daily and is a regular feature. We salute her noble endeavour and hope that other teachers will also follow suit.

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Education

HRD Minister assures countrymen that no language will be imposed on anyone

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The Uttarakhand chief minister Trivendra Singh Rawat today met the newly sworn in HRD minister of Uttarakhand Dr. Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank at his 13 Canning lane, New Delhi residence earlier the residence of the union minister Nitin Gadkari and congratulated him for his new pivotal assignment as union HRD minister earlier held by stalwarts like late K C Pant, Arjun Singh, Dr Murli Manohar Joshi n controvertial under graduate leader Smriti Irani.

Uttarakhand chief minister Trivendra Singh Rawat greetingHRD minister Dr. Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank`

Smriti Irani who’d defeated Congress chief Rahul Gandhi from Amethi is union minister of Women n Child Development and textiles.

According to Dr. Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank, though his meeting with Uttarakhand CM was an informal one and a customary get together but they also deliberated on various pivotal issues of the state and his ministry’s possible contribution in the education sector of Uttarakhand in the near future.

Prior to Dr. Nishank’s meeting with the Uttarakhand CM he also went to the residences of the former MPs from Uttarakhand n state ex CMs Major Bhuvan Chandra Khanduri and Bhagat Singh Koshiyari to seek their blessings.

Meanwhile, speaking to the media the union HRD minister Dr. Pokhriyal cleared doubts about the rumours taking rounds in the media that the new draft education policy document has made Hindi compulsory in all the schools of India.

In a letter of clarification posted in his twitter handle today Dr. Nishank said that while it is true that a draft of National Education Policy document has been submitted to me by the Chairman Dr. Kasturirangan and the members of the Committee yesterday but it has been placed for eliciting the views of the general public.

It is not the policy announced formally by the government. After getting the feedback from the general public and after properly consulting the state governments, the National Education policy will be formally announced by the government.

He assured that the government under the leadership of the prime minister Narendra Modi is committed for equal development and promotion of all Indian languages.

There will therefore be no imposition of any language in educational institutions, nor discrimination against any language.

The clarification letter has been signed by R. Subrahmaniyam, Secretary HRD.

It may be recalled that the leaders of all political parties of the south including Congress, the splintered group of AIADMK, actor turned politician Kamal Hassan n even the Congress leader of Tamilnadu K Raju has opposedthe imposition on Hindi in schools of thesouth.

They said that the entire south India will oppose this decision tooth and nail and the consequences would be disastrous.

In was in this context that the union HRD minister n its sectretay Dr. Pokhriyal and Subrahmaniam has to issue the written clarification.

Election in several southern states are likely to be helf in the near future and the NDA government would never take the risk of annoying the electorates of the southern states.

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Dr. Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank joins office as union minister of HRD

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New HRD minister Dr. Nishank in his Shastri Bawan office onthe first day
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The former chief minister of Uttarakhand n two time MP from Haridwar, 59 year old Dr. Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank has been allocated the important portfolio of Human Resource Development.

Dr. Nishank today went tohis Shastri Bhawan office and took the charge as other ministers of Narendra Modi gvernment also did by visiting theirrespective minstries and acceptng bouquets n garlends as a mark of greetings.

The Himalayan state of Uttarakhand got an important share in the union cabinet in NDA part 2 government as portfolio of HRD is being considered as quite powerful in terms of dissemination of quality education in the distant parts of rural India n Uttarakhand where schools are being shut down n the standard of education is on a deteriorating level.

During the previous NDA government Uttarakhand was represented by a minister of state for textile portfolio which could hardly play any vital role in providing textile avenues or jobs to the unemployed. AjayTamata, an Almora MP was the minister of state representing the reserve constituency.

He has been sidelined this time as 24 other old ministers. Union HRD minister Dr. Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank has thanked prime minister Narendra Modi and BJP supremo Amit Shah for giving him such an important responsibility. Dr. Pokhriyal said whilehe is quite delighted for having been elevated to cabinet rank as minister of Human Resource Development but the challenges are also high n multi pronged.

Dr. Nishank was not included in the previous NDA government because of the silent internal squabbles between him n the then MP from Nainital Bhagat Singh Koshiyari as both wrre the ministerial aspirants. In order to keep the dissensions at bay the prime minister had then on the advise of Amit Shah chosen a new, young and non controvertial dalit incumbent who had been the minister in Major General Bhuvan Chandra Khanduri’s cabinet in 2007.

But for the reasons best known to the prime minister Narendra Modi Tamata was dropped this time and Dr. Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank was obliged. However this time, Dr. Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank’s bete noire 76 year old former MP Bhagat Singh Koshiyari was not given the party ticket and the former’sentry into the union cabinet fructified easily.

However there are rumours that Patanjali head n popular saint Ram Dev had lobbied for Dr. Nishank n his request had been aceded to. Dr. Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank has very cordialn trusted relationship with Baba Ram Dev and his high profile state of the Art Patanjali Ahram is also situated in Haridwar.

The relationship between Baba Ramdev n Dr. Nishank gained momentum since 2008 n even before when he was the chief minister of Uttarakhand after the then CM Major Genetal B.C. Khaduri’s unceremonial exit. It may be recalled that Dr. Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank started his active political career in 1990/ 91 when he defeated the then higher education minister of UP n late political stalwart HN Bahuguna’s protege Dr. Shivanand Nautiyal from Karnaprayag legislative constituency in Garhwal. Thereafter Dr. Nishank never looked back.

In 2008 he became the CM of Uttarakhand replacing Major general Khanduri who recommended his name to the BJP high command in order to block Koshiyari’s chances. He has been two time MP from Haidwar onBJP ticket. An old RSSite Dr. Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank had been a journalist, writer and a poet.

Prior to joining active politics he used to run his own vernacular newspaper published from Pauri n had also been a teacher and principal of Shishu Mandir School.

A soft spoken, intelligent n sharp Dr. Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank has several books to his credit n has also been honoured with several distinguished awards for litetature n writing.

His both the daughters are quite brilliant one in Indian Army as a medical doctor n another a reputed classical dancer n producer of a regional film Major Nirala. Meanwhile the former minister of state for textiles n MP from Almora Ajay Tamata today congratulated Dr. Nishank athis Teen Murti Lane house by presenting him a bouquet n wished him good luck.

Meanwhile, Dr. Nishank too met the BJP chief Amit Shah at his residence and thanked him by offering a bouquet of flowers n sweets for including himin the union cabinet as HRD minister.

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CBSE Class 10th board exams 2020 to have fewer questions?

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The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) is most likely to change the exam pattern for 10th board exams. The board is likely to decrease the number of objective questions asked in CBSE class 10 board exams. The questions will be replaced by more detailed answers to ensure creative writing and discourage rote learning.

“The changes will be part of the routine review exercise ahead of exams. Once the changes are finalised, sample papers will also be released so students get an idea and also get to practice the same before exams,” a senior CBSE official said.

Board experts are considering if they can decrease the number of questions and increase the marks for each question and encourage students to write elaborative answers.
It would not be an overhaul of the entire question paper but minor changes and students have nothing to worry about,” the official added. The board is also thinking about methods to diversify the current format of objective questions carrying one mark each.
In another major development, the board is conducting two-level exams for class 10 mathematics and English papers from 2020 onwards. Reportedly, a total of 20 marks will be assigned for school-based assessment in each of the exams.

Mathematics and English exams for CBSE class 10 will be conducted in two-levels. Those who clear the internal exam will be eligible for the theory exam.

In mathematics 10th board exam 2020, students will also have an option to select the difficulty level of their mathematics exam. Those who choose the easier version, however, could not take mathematics as a major subject in higher studies. According to a CBSE’s official circular released in 2018, the current mathematics subject will be called mathematics-standard and the easier level will be called mathematics-basic. The same will also be introduced from 2020 onwards.

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Education

Matriculation results: ‘Arbitrary’ internal assessment marks worry parents

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Beyond imagination high” scores and “arbitrary” marks given to students at the time of internal assessments are among issues raised by parents since the class X results were announced. In class X, the year-end board exam accounts for a maximum of 80 marks and a 20-mark component is based on internal assessments per subject.
Parent’s posts on social media and meetings with school principals have crossed the same anxiety. “This apprehension has become more pronounced this year. Only today, a parent come out to the admissions coordinator and said that students from some other schools were awarded full marks in internal assessment. Considering the process of internal assessment, the possibility of this is quite low,” said Jyoti Arora, principal, Mt Abu School, Rohini.
Vipul Aggarwal, an IPS officer , wrote to CBSE chairperson Anita Karwal, wondering why his daughter, in spite of getting high marks in the exam, had got poor marks in internal assessment. Then, having spoken to Karwal, he tweeted that he was pleased with the internal assessment process
Several school principals also said that more and more parents are coming out to them, surprising how their children missed out on the best possible percentage owing to the strict marking pattern
Ameeta Wattal, principal of Springdales School, Pusa Road, however, added that most schools are transparent in their assessment.
“The marks that we award to children show what they deserve. Some parents display a trust deficit. By the time the children get to class X, they have usually been in the same school for 12 years. In such a situation, the lack of trust from parents is something we can’t do anything about. We look at the marks children are getting these days and many of them are highly improbable,” she said.
CBSE officials mentioned parents raise these issues many times. “We do not make a data set of school-wise internal assessment, though the data is sent to us. These issues have been raised but for internal assessment, schools have to be given autonomy,” said an official. we

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PSEB Class 10th results: 85.86% pass — a 26% increase & highest in 3 years

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THE 10th board results of the Punjab School Education Board (PSEB) were announced with the pass percentage rising to 85.86%— shooting up by a whopping 26% higher in comparison to last year the highest in three years.
In 2018, the pass percentage was 59.47% and 57.5% in 2017. In 2018& 2017, the PSEB claimed that grace marks were not given to students.
Girls again surpassed the boys this year as the first two top positions were caught by female students. This year, schools in rural areas performed with a pass percentage of 86.7% and schools in urban areas was 83.38%
In 2018, the pass percentage of students in rural area schools was 61.22% and those of urban schools was 63.85%.
PSEB Chairman Manohar Kant Kalohia said a total of 3,17,387 students appeared in the examinations held in March. As many as 2,71,554 students passed.
Kalohia added that 10,199 students failed while 35,615 students have re-appeared, and results of 19 students were withheld.
He mentioned that this year, the pass percentage of girls was 90.63% while that of boys was 81.30%. In 2018, the pass percentage of boys was 52.31% and that of girls was 69.13%.
Kalohia attributed the hike to “justifiable” marking. He said that this year, the examiners had been told to ask questions which were in ‘books’ and the syllabus the students had studied.
“There should not be a trend of asking questions which students did not know. This time schools a put lot of thrust on studies due to which the pass percentage increased,” he said.

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Class XII CBSE Results: Delhi Govt. Schools Witness Best-ever Pass Percentage

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Delhi government schools registered their best-ever performance in CBSE Class XII examinations, with a pass percentage of 94.29% and with over 200 schools with a 100% pass percentage.
This comes after Delhi government schools had crossed the 90% pass percentage mark in Class XII boards for the first time last year. The number of government schools with 100% pass percentage has increased in the last two years. In 2017, the number of such schools was 112 and this increased to 168 in 2018. This year, their number rised to 203
The number of schools with more than 90% pass percentage has also reached up to 732 this year, from 638 in 2018 and 554 in 2017.
A total of 1,29,917 students from Delhi government schools had appeared for the Class XII CBSE examinations this year. They form a majority of the 2,39,864 candidates from Delhi who appeared in these examinations.
Following a trend which has been in place since 2015, government schools witnessed a higher pass percentage than the city’s private schools. With the private schools registering a pass percentage of 90.68%, the two groups of schools have a 3.61 percentage point difference in pass percentages. However, the city’s private schools also gave an increased pass percentage from last year’s 88.35%.
Like in all other regions, girls registered a higher pass percentage with a margin of 6.54 percentage points — Delhi girls had a pass percentage of 95.17% while boys had 88.63%.
Similarly, in government schools too, girls were ahead with 96.3%. However, boys registered an increase in pass percentage to 91.48% from last year’s 85.98%.
Delhi Education Minister Manish Sisodia took to Twitter after the results: “Congratulations students, teachers, parents and team education of Delhi government for beating your own record of last year’s class XII CBSE exam.

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Education

ICAI exams 2019: Applications available for IT, soft skill certification test

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The Institute of Chartered Accountancy of India (ICAI) has asked for the advanced integrated course on information technology and soft skills (advanced ICITSS) at its website, icia.org. The exam will be held in a computer-based mode on May 17 from 10:30 am to 12:30 pm.
The application process will start on May 2 and end on May 7, 2019. The exam is scheduled to be held in 69 cities in India and in Dubai. In case enough candidates do not register from an exam center, that centre will be cancelled. Those who wish to appear for the test can apply at icai.org and pay the exam fee.
ICAI exam 2019: Eligibility
No candidate shall be admitted to the test unless he/she has finished the course or going to complete the course
ICAI exam 2019: Fee
Students need to pay Rs 500 as an exam fee. For those who want to apply for the Dubai centre will need to pay $150.
The pattern of exam will be objective type or MCQ-based. It will have 100 questions and would be of 100 marks, one mark each. There will be no negative marking. Candidates must report to the centre by 9:15 am, the exam will begin at 10:30 am. If a candidate reaches later than the reporting time, they will not be allowed to appear for the exam. Candidates will not be permitted to go from the examination hall till the test finishes.

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