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“Raja” Celebrating Womanhood – A unique fest of Odisha

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Odisha, a heritage & culturally enriched state in East India is known for archaeological treasures and traditional customs dating from when Ashok, the then King of Magadha conquered  Odisha, then known as Kalinga . There is no better evidence for this religio-spiritual yearning in its popular form than the string of festivals related to numerous religion, culture, tribes, ancient temples, local shrines that is spread over the year.

The most popular among numerous festivals in Odisha, Raja (pronounced as raw-jaw) is celebrated for three consecutive days. It is believed that Earth, the mother goddess or the heavenly spouse of Lord Vishnu experiences feminine cycle during these three days. The fourth day is called as Vasumati gadhua or ceremonial bath of Bhudevi. The term Raja has originated from Rajaswala, which means a menstruating woman. During medieval period the celebration turned out to be more well-known as an agricultural festival remarking the worship of Bhudevi, spouse of Lord Jagannath.

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During the festival, unmarried girls beautify themselves with new clothes, chandan kumkum and alta, a red dye applied in feet. These three days unmarried women and girls take rest from house hold work. Girls play swings tied on tree branches whereas aged ladies play cards and ludo. From plucking flowers to ploughing and irrigation, all agricultural works remain suspended during these days and also all people abstain from walking barefoot on earth. During the festival, the odia cuisine comprises various pithha (pan cakes) among these Podopitha (Rice and Jaggery cake) and Chakuli Pitha (a softer version of South Indian Dosa).

Womenhood

Today, the 21st century young generation is not bothered about these traditions thinking it’s too glittery. But, as a part of women empowerment everybody should know about this festival which is a major part of the Odia tradition. Today, when there are horrific cases of gang rapes, high girl child mortality rates, acid attacks and domestic violence, such festivals shouldn’t remain an obscurity to the rest of the world.

Job Alerts

7th pay commission: Good news for these employees

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7th pay commission: The Modi government on Tuesday approved proposal to extend the 7th Central Pay Commission benefits to the teachers and other academic staff of the state government/ government aided degree level technical institution in the country.

The move would have additional Central Government liability of Rs 1241.78 crore.

The Central government would reimburse 50 per cent of the total addition expenditure (from 1.1.2016 to 31.3.2019) to be incurred by these institutes for payment of arrears on account of7th Central Pay Commission.

Meanwhile, over 50 lakh employees are hopeful that Modi government might announce some relief in its interim busget on February 1. If several media reports are to be believed then the central staff could also expect a salary hike.

The government reportedly is likely to discuss the much-awaited demand of salary hike and increase in fitment factor. Earlier, the government had denied any salary hike beyond the recommendations of the seventh pay commission.

Currently, the Central employees are getting a minimum pay of Rs 18,000 but they are demanding it to be raised to Rs 26,000, besides an increase in the fitment factor by 3.68 times from the existing 2.57 times.

Earlier, amidst the central government employees ‘demand of rise in salary and change in fitment factor, government staff of Bengal would now get a dearness allowance (DA) at 125 per cent of their basic salary, under 7th pay commission.

West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee had announced that the government employees of the state would get DA at 125 per cent of their basic pay from this month, while assuring the employees of clearing all the dues by January

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On the job front: Why promise what you can’t deliver?

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With the number of jobless persons increasing by the day, unemployment inevitably becomes a major poll issue. Every political party has to promise ‘jobs’ to the youth to win their votes. If the Narendra Modi-led Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) promised, but failed, to provide 10 crore jobs, besides other lollipops, to win the parliamentary elections in 2013, the Congress used the same stick to beat the BJP in the recent Assembly elections in Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh. It was easier, however, for the new chief ministers to implement the promise to waive farm loans than to tackle unemployment. All MP Chief Minister Kamal Nath could do was to order reservation of 70 per cent jobs in the state to its residents and blame their unemployment on migrants from Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.

Nath is not the first leader to have done that. Similar reservations of up to 80 and 90 per cent for locals have been announced earlier by BJP governments in UP, Gujarat, etc., but to no avail. Violent attacks on Bihari and other north Indian migrants in Mumbai by the Shiv Sena and the Maharashtra Navnirman Sena (NNS) for low availability of jobs to the ‘locals’ is well-known and so is their demand for the reservation of jobs for the ‘locals’.  But, such reservations do not create jobs.

Unemployment, in fact, has been a global problem for quite some time. As former Reserve Bank governor Raghuram Rajan recently said in an interview, rampant joblessness, caused by the “tech revolution”, is mainly responsible for the “majoritarian” backlash in the US and other countries, including India.

The rate of economic growth in India has not created the required number of jobs because this growth has been by and large capital-intensive. The growth has been more in the tertiary than in the industrial sector. The successful start-ups, too, have been more in the fast-moving consumer goods (FMCG), e-retail trading, Infotech and sunrise industries like that of solar panels, etc, that do not create a large enough number of jobs. These sectors create jobs for either Infotech-trained IIT graduates and post-graduates or some scooter-driving delivery boys, etc. They do not create any jobs for the large armies of arts, commerce and science graduates turned out by our universities.

The story is no different in medium and small industries. These, too, are capital-intensive and need more digital technology than men to operate and make profits. All these add to the growth level, but do not provide jobs. The industrialists and entrepreneurs are conscious of this and appreciate the problem of jobs, but explain that robotics and digital technology is more accurate and efficient and less risky as well as less costly than human labour.

The number of unemployed youth, therefore, continues to increase. Political leaders may promise jobs but there is no way they can provide these in the required numbers. The unemployed youth, meanwhile, turn to crime. They are easy prey to all kinds of extremist social and political agitations, too. It is well-known that the Khalistan movement in Punjab fed largely on the jobless graduates.

The narrative will not change with the coming of the Congress to power. The political class, at best, can blame job-loss upon migrants and talk of reservation for locals. What makes matters worse for the jobless in India is that while the American and European jobless have a social security net to fall back upon, there is no such net in this country. The political class in developing countries like India, therefore, would do well to promise and work to provide social security (cash doles or monthly unemployment allowance) to the jobless and ask them to do some voluntary social service in lieu thereof. The funds for this social security could be met by imposing a cess on the highest two slabs of income tax.

In the long term, however, people must seek and work for a paradigm shift in their socio-economic organisation by gradually withdrawing from the productive activity and leaving it to information technology and artificial intelligence (AI) and instead concentrate on educational and cultural development to improve the quality of life and raise the cultural and living standards by opening more educational and cultural institutions and concentrating on higher education, research, knowledge, art and cultural development.

There is no easy option.

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Job Alerts

SBI SO 2019: Registration begins, last date to appy January 31

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SBI SO 2019: The registration for recruitment for over 11 posts for as many as 31 vacancies in State Bank of India has begun. Candidates can log in to SBI’s official website— sbi.co.in for the same. The application process will end on January 31, 2019.

After filling the form online, candidates are required to send the supporting documents to SBI’s head office. The total vacancies are 31 in number.

Out of these 31 vacancies, two posts are for Deputy manager (statistician), three are for Project development manager – agriculture/ international banking/ retail/ corporate banking, three are for Manager (servicing – digital), three for Manager (business analyst / customer service analyst), three are for Manager (online fulfilment/ integration and journey/ superstore fulfillment) and four are for Manager (digital marketing), and one each for Head (lead),DGM (NCLT),  DGM (law), Head (product, investment and research).

The rest 10 vacancies are for Executive (credit monitoring).

The candidates applying for SBI SO post fo statistician will get a remuneration of Rs 15 lakh, for manager posts candidates will get Rs 18 lakh. For DGM posts an annual salary of Rs 35 to 47 lakh will be given, For the post of Head (legal) candidates can expect CTC in the range of Rs 47 to Rs 52 lakh. For other posts, salary is negotiable

For candidates who belong to the unreserved category will have to pay Rs 600 while those belonging to SC/ST/PwD will have to pay Rs 100.

Below is a step-wise guide on how to apply.

Step 1: Visit the official website, sbi.co.in

Step 2: Go to Careers, recruitment page

Step 3: A new page will open, click on the ‘SBI SO cadre recruitment..’ link

Step 4: Register using personal details

Step 4: Start filing form, upload documents

Step 5: Make payment and take print out

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India

India to develop 4 km stretch of Kartarpur Sahib Corridor from Dera Baba Nanak

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India will develop 4 km stretch of Kartarpur Sahib Corridor from Dera Baba Nanak in Gurdaspur district of Punjab to International Border with Pakistan, Parliament was informed Thursday.

The much-awaited corridor will connect Darbar Sahib in Pakistan’s Kartarpur – the final resting place of first Sikh guru Guru Nanak Dev – with Dera Baba Nanak shrine in India.

“The government of India has decided to develop the corridor from Dera Baba Nanak in Gurdaspur district up to the International Border (with Pakistan),” Minister of State for Highways Mansukh L Mandaviya said in a written reply to Lok Sabha. He was replying to a question whether the National Highways Authority of India has developed or plans to develop any project on the corridor.

Approximate length of the road project is about 4 km,” he said.

Work on determination of the alignment of road has been initiated, he added.

On November 26, Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu and Punjab Chief Minister Captain Amarinder Singh laid the foundation stone for the corridor. The decision to build the passage was taken by the Union Cabinet on November 22.

Guru Nanak Dev, the founder of Sikhism, had spent more than 18 years of his life in Kartarpur. Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan laid the foundation stone for the corridor in Pakistan on November 28.

The corridor will facilitate visa-free movement of Indian Sikh pilgrims.

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India

NCR transport corporation gives nod for Regional Rapid Transit System

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The National Capital Region Transport Corporation (NCRTC) Board has approved the DPR (Detailed Project Report) of Delhi-Gurugram-SNB (Shahjahanpur-Neemrana-Behror Urban Complex) Regional Rapid Transit System (RRTS) corridor, boosting connectivity between these cities. The go-ahead has prioritised the implementation of one of the three RRTS- Delhi-Gurugram-Alwar, to be implemented in three stages.
According to NCRTC officials, in the first stage, the Delhi – Gurugram – Rewari – SNB Urban Complex will be constructed. In stage II, it will be extended from SNB Urban Complex to Sotanala while in Stage III, SNB Urban Complex to Alwar will be constructed. The 106 km long, Delhi-Gurugram-SNB corridor will be elevated for about 71 km (11 stations), the remaining 35 km (five stations) will be constructed underground, mostly in Delhi and Gurugram. This corridor will converge with other RRTS corridors in Sarai Kale Khan and will be interoperable, facilitating commuters’ movement from one corridor to another without the hassle of changing trains.
Similarly, with an intent to incentivise the use of Public Transport, Delhi-Gurugram-SNB corridor will be seamlessly integrated with other modes of transport in NCR. RRTS trains with design speed of 180kmph, operation speed of 160kmph and average speed of 100kmph will be available at a frequency of every 5-10 minutes. “The infrastructure is being designed for up to 9 coaches train. These trains will be air-conditioned with transverse seating and overhead luggage space for commuter comfort. There would be priority seating arrangements for people with special needs, an exclusive coach for women travelers and a business class coach in every train to encourage people to leave their cars for public transport,” the official said.
This RRTS smart line will pass through urban and industrial areas of Haryana and connect Delhi airport with the RRTS network, increasing the overall productivity of NCR. The corridor will strengthen the regional transport infrastructure by providing a fast, safe, comfortable and reliable mobility option to the residents of Delhi, Gurugram, Rewari, Manesar, Daruheda, Bawal and nearby areas. “The fast commuting connecting Delhi to nearby regions will be immensely beneficial in decongesting Delhi and its roads, providing citizens the choice to live and work in different regional nodes to lead a better quality of life,”the official further said.
Once constructed, the corridor is expected to bring down the travel time between SKK-SNB in less than 70 minutes (106 km). The daily ridership on this corridor is estimated to be 8.5 lakh in 2025.

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Modi attends Maldives Prez Solih’s swearing-in ceremony as island shifts towards India from China

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Prime Minister Narendra Modi arrived here on Saturday to attend the swearing-in ceremony of Maldives President-elect Ibrahim Mohamed Solih, who surprisingly defeated strongman Abdulla Yameen in September.

This is Modi’s first visit to the Maldives as prime minister. The last visit by an Indian Prime Minister to the Indian Ocean island nation was by Manmohan Singh in 2011.

“I will convey to the new Maldivian Government of Mr Solih the desire of the Indian Government to work closely for realisation of their developmental priorities, especially in areas of infrastructure, health care, connectivity & human resource development,” Modi said in a series of tweets ahead of the visit.

He said the recent elections in the Maldives represent the collective aspirations of the people for democracy, rule of law and a prosperous future.

“We in India strongly desire to see a stable, democratic, prosperous and peaceful Republic of Maldives,” the prime minister said.

Modi also congratulated Solih on his victory in the recent elections and wished him “the very best for his tenure”.

“India and the Maldives share a strong partnership rooted in history, strong bonds between our peoples, and their shared aspiration for peace and prosperity. My Government’s vision of inclusive development Sabka Saath, Sabka Vikaas’ extends to all our neighbours too,” he said.

Modi also said he will convey to Solih his wish to work with the new Maldives government in different areas to boost bilateral ties.

Solih, the opposition Maldivian Democratic Party’s candidate who surprisingly emerged victorious over incumbent president Yameen in the election held on September 23, had extended the invitation during a phone call by Modi.

The Maldives is the only South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation SAARC country that Modi has not visited. His visit to the Maldives, a strategically vital island and a popular tourist destination, was cancelled in March 2015 due to the volatile political situation then.

India-Maldives ties came under strain under Yameen who was perceived to be close to China. Some decisions by Yameen including imposition of restrictions on work visas for Indians and signing of a new Free Trade Agreement with Beijing also did not go down well with New Delhi.

Relations between India and the Maldives deteriorated further after Yameen imposed emergency on February 5 this year. India had criticised his decision and asked his government to restore the credibility of the electoral and political process by releasing political prisoners. The emergency lasted for 45 days.

 

 

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Top Ten

Ayodhya case: SC declines early hearing of pleas

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The Supreme Court Monday declined early hearing of petitions in the Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid title dispute case.

A bench comprising Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi and Justice S K Kaul said it had already listed the appeals before the appropriate bench in January.”We have already passed the order. The appeals are coming up in January. Permission declined,” the bench said while rejecting the request of early hearing of lawyer Barun Kumar Sinha, appearing for the Akhil Bharat Hindu Mahasabha.

The top court had earlier fixed the Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid land dispute case for the first week of January before an “appropriate bench”, which will decide the schedule of hearing.

Solicitor General Tushar Mehta and senior advocate CS Vaidyanathan, appearing for the UP government and deity Ramlala respectively, had sought early listing of the appeals in the case after referring to their long pendency.

Earlier, a three-judge bench, by a 2:1 majority, refused to refer to a five-judge constitution bench the issue of reconsideration of the observations in its 1994 judgement of the Allahabad High Court that a mosque was not integral to Islam. The matter had arisen during the hearing of the Ayodhya land dispute.

  1. The apex court bench headed by the then Chief Justice Dipak Misra had said that the civil suit has to be decided on the basis of evidence.It had also said that the previous verdict has no relevance to this issue. As many as 14 appeals have been filed against the high court judgement, delivered in four civil suits, that the 2.77 acre land be partitioned equally among three parties — the Sunni Waqf Board, the Nirmohi Akhara and Ram Lalla. 
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Cricket

Rohit, Jadeja star as India rout West Indies in 5th ODI, win series 3-1 PTI |

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A ruthless India completed a nine-wicket demolition of the West Indies in the fifth and final ODI in Thiruvananthapuram on Thursday for their sixth successive series win at home.

Left-arm spinner Ravindra Jadeja took four wickets to help India bundle out the West Indies for 104 in just 31.5 overs. Pacers Khaleel Ahmed and Jasprit Bumrah chipped in with two wickets each.

The home team took just 14.5 overs to reach the paltry target, courtesy an unbeaten 99-run stand between Rohit Sharma (62 off 54) and captain Virat Kohli (33 off 29), following another low score from Shikhar Dhawan.

It was a complete surrender from the West Indies, who let themselves down after competing hard in the first three ODIs. The previous game at Mumbai too was dominated by the hosts before they romped to a 3-1 series win. India last a lost a series at home in 2015, when they went down 2-3 against South Africa.

The hosts wasted in no time completing the 105-run target after the bowlers laid the foundation of a massive victory. Rohit continued his fine form, notching up a half-century, in the process going past the 1,000-run mark for the calendar year 2018 and also hitting his 200th six in ODIs.

The India vice-captain had a lucky escape when he was caught behind by Shai Hope off Oshane Thomas’ bowling on 18. He made most of that reprieve as he hit five boundaries and struck five imperious sixes. Kohli too was solid at the other end and his innings comprised six fours.

Dhawan’s soft dismissal would probably be one of the lows for India as he chopped on a delivery from Thomas, who worked up good pace but was inconsistent with his line and length.

Earlier, the West Indies were in trouble right from the start after skipper Jason Holder chose to bat. Pacer Bhuvneshwar Kumar had Kieran Powell caught behind by M S Dhoni for a duck off the fourth ball, giving India their first wicket.

Shai Hope, who has been one of the best West Indies batsmen on tour alongside Shimron Hetmyer, was castled by Bumrah off a beauty in the second over to leave the team at 2 for 2. The experienced Marlon Samuels, from whom a lot was expected, led a brief revival, hitting some crisp boundaries and the only six of the innings.

The Indian domination could be gauged from the fact that the first boundary came in the sixth over when Rovman Powell lofted one from Bumrah over the infield. Samuels’ resistance ended in the 12th over when he fell to a soft dismissal of Jadeja for 24, spooning a catch to skipper Virat Kohli.

As has often been the case in the series, Holder showed patience and skill to resist the rampant Indian bowlers but his dismissal hastened the end. The lanky Holder was taken by Kedar Jadhav, running in from the deep when he tried to go ariel against Khaleel Ahmed. He was the top-scorer with 25. The spinners took over and polished off the tail.

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DIY

Simple yet creative DIY projects to decorate your home

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You could buy something ready-made to decorate your home. But you can also do it yourself if you want to learn Something and want to have fun, at the same time you can possibly save some money. For this, you will need a bit of know how and a bit of practice. So, here are some easy DIY projects of home decor that you can do it yourself.
Globe light
To make a vintage globe light, you will need an old 12 inch diameter cardboard globe and a pendant cord light kit. Remove the globe from its base and make a 3.5 inch diameter opening at the bottom of the globe. Then hold the light cord socket at the top of the globe, trace around it with the help of pencil and cut the circle. Now pierce holes around the outline of each continents. Now insert the socket at the top and then screw in a 15 watt CFL bulb from the bottom and hang it somewhere.
A paintbrush vase
For this, you need to space two rows of plain rubber bands around a tall cylindrical vase, then tuck approximately 40 used paint brushes inside the bands until the tools completely surround the vase.
Mini cloches
To create the beautiful mini domes, you need objects from your kitchen like a wineglass, a tumbler and a canning jar. Now glue an iron lamp finial to the bottom of each container with the help of a multipurpose adhesive. Now allow them to harden for an hour and place tiny statues underneath.
Mason jar soap dispenser
Here is a very simple home decor diy project. You can use a mason jar as a soap dispenser in your bathroom. Measure and mark the Centre of the jar’s lid. Now drill a hole so that it is fit for a soap dispenser pump. Pumps can be used from old lotion bottles. Now fill the jar with liquid soap, screw the lid and insert the pump.

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DIY

Interesting and creative hand made gift ideas

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There is nothing more beautiful than a homemade gift. Any occasion is the perfect occasion to show someone your care with a unique and customised gift that can make a major impression . Here are best hand made gift ideas that are most affordable than spending lot of amount on ready-made gifts. The inexpensive gifts can fool anyone to think that you have spent a large amount to buy the gifts.

Make a heartfelt card
A beautiful card is choice for almost any occasion. The most important part of a card is the words you write on it.You can feel free to write creative poems, jokes or even short stories. Be sincere and honest with your words that can really make a card shine.
Make a flower arrangement
Pick a collection of flowers and put all of them together in a vase. You can use objects from the house to be used as a vase like a wine bottle. You can also buy a hard foam sphere from any craft shop to make the flower arrangement. Cut the sphere half to create a dome and bore holes in it with the help of a pen and then paint it. You can put flowers and other beautiful objects in the holes.
A gift basket
You can make a decorative basket that is filled with beautiful gifts. It’s easy to make a gift basket. You can fill a basket with tissue paper, shredded cardboard or any other decorative packing material.Then put some small gifts in the basket and arrange them. You can also place a handmade card with it.Wrap it with cellophane.
Give a customised frame with picture
If you are giving a gift to your friends, your parents or any one very close to you, you can gift them a picture frame with a happy picture of both of you. You can buy a frame from a local store and decorate it with doodles, glitter, quotes.

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