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EDITOR'S PICK

TEN MOST RENOWNED POEMS OF WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE

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England’s national poet, William Shakespeare (1564 –1616) is considered as the greatest writer and dramatist in the English language. Though Shakespeare is well known for his plays, his poetry also remains to be popular. He contributed two long narrative poems, published in the 1590s, along with a few other verses. In 1609, for the first time, Shakespeare’s collection of 154 sonnets was published. It is said that almost all the sonnets contain three quatrains, or four-line stanzas, followed by a final couplet. This form is known as Shakespearean Sonnet.
Let’s try to know more about the poetry of William Shakespeare through his ten most renowned poems including famous sonnets.
#10 THE RAPE OF LUCRECE
Published: 1594
Lucretia was an ancient Roman woman who was raped by the king’s son and committed suicide. The incident led to an anti-monarchist rebellion and thus played a part in the transition of ancient Rome from monarchy to a republic in late 6th century BC. The Rape of Lucrece is a 1,855 lines tragic narrative poem about the rape of Lucretia by the king’s son, Sextus Tarquinius, and the repercussion of the incident.
Excerpt:-
When they had sworn to this advised doom,
They did conclude to bear dead Lucrece thence;
To show her bleeding body thorough Rome,
And so to publish Tarquin’s foul offence:
Which being done with speedy diligence,
The Romans plausibly did give consent
To Tarquin’s everlasting banishment.

#9 THE PHOENIX AND THE TURTLE
Published: 1601
The Phoenix and the Turtle is a symbolic poem about the death of ideal love. The poem defines a funeral arranged for the dead Phoenix and Turtledove, who are symbols of perfection and of devoted love, respectively. It has been thought to allude to various things including the extinction of the Tudor monarchy; and the phoenix being Elizabeth I and the turtle-dove representing her lover, the second Earl of Essex.
Excerpt:-
Truth may seem but cannot be;
Beauty brag but ’tis not she;
Truth and beauty buried be.

#8 SONNET 20
Alternate Title: A woman’s face with Nature’s own hand painted
Published: 1609
Sonnets 1 to 126 of Shakespeare’s collection of 154 sonnets are addressed to an unnamed young man who is now referred to as “Fair Youth”; while the Sonnets 127 to 154 are known as the Dark Lady sequence as they are addressed to a woman who appears to be a brunette. Sonnet 20 describes the Fair Youth as “master-mistress” of the poet’s passion. The speaker proclaims that his beloved possesses a woman’s physical attractiveness and the form of a man. Sonnet 20 is one of the most controversial poems of Shakespeare for several reasons including its sexual duality and its homoeroticism.
Excerpt:-
A woman’s face with Nature’s own hand painted
Hast thou, the master-mistress of my passion;
A woman’s gentle heart, but not acquainted
With shifting change, as is false women’s fashion;

#7 SONNET 1
Alternate Title: From fairest creatures we desire increase
Published: 1609
In the first quatrain of Sonnet 1, the speaker praises the beauty of his beloved and expresses his desire for his beloved to procreate. In the second quatrain, he scolds the young man for being too self-involved to consider procreation; while in the third, he warns his beloved that his beauty will fade. Shakespeare ends the sonnet with the couplet in which he says to his beloved to not deprive the world of his beauty. Sonnet 1 is important as it sets the tone for the entire collection and also the first mini-sequence of 17 poems, which are referred to as “procreation” sonnets as they each urge the young man to bear children.
Excerpt:-
From fairest creatures we desire increase,
That thereby beauty’s rose might never die,
But as the riper should by time decease,
His tender heir might bear his memory:

#6 SONNET 73
Alternate Title: That time of year thou mayst in me behold
Published: 1609
Sonnet 73 focuses on the theme of old age and its effect on human beings. Shakespeare uses a series of metaphors to characterize the nature of old age. In the first quatrain, he equates it to the fading of life like in late autumn; in the second quatrain, he likens it to the fading of light calling darkness “death’s second self”; and in the last quatrain, he compares it to the burning out of the fire. In the couplet, the speaker addresses his beloved, expresses gratitude for his adoration in spite of the physical deterioration of the speaker and tells him “To love that well which thou must leave ere long”. Sonnet 73 is regarded among Shakespeare’s most beautifully crafted poems and is one of the most famous of his 154 sonnets.
Excerpt:-
In me thou see’st the glowing of such fire,
That on the ashes of his youth doth lie,
As the death-bed whereon it must expire,
Consum’d with that which it was nourish’d by.

#5 VENUS AND ADONIS
Published: 1593
Probably Shakespeare’s first publication, this poem narrates the story in Greek mythology of Venus, the Goddess of Love, and Adonis, an extremely handsome young man. Enamored by Adonis, Venus tries to seduce him though Adonis is only interested in hunting. She faints when he scornfully rejects her and fearing he has killed her, Adonis kisses Venus. She recovers and they kiss again. The next day Adonis goes out for boar hunting even though Venus has had a vision of him being killed by a boar. The vision comes true and Venus is devastated. Due to what happened to her, from then on, whenever humans will love, there will always be suspicion, fear, and sadness. Among Shakespeare’s most renowned works, Venus and Adonis contains discourses on the nature of love and brilliantly described observations of nature.
Excerpt:-
It shall be cause of war and dire events,
And set dissension ‘twixt the son and sire;
Subject and servile to all discontents,
As dry combustious matter is to fire:
Sith in his prime Death doth my love destroy,
They that love best their loves shall not enjoy

#4 SONNET 29
Alternate Title: When, in disgrace with fortune and men’s eyes
Published: 1609
In the octave of Sonnet 29, the speaker is depressed due to social ostracism (“my outcast state“) and personal misfortune (“curse my fate“). He also gives vent to his jealousy of those that are “rich in hope” and “with friends possess’d”. The sestet of the sonnet begins with “Yet” and takes a brighter tone as the speaker feels better upon thinking of his beloved. It ends with the couplet, “For thy sweet love remembered such wealth brings; That then I scorn to change my state with kings.” Sonnet 29 breaks away from traditional sonnets due to its different structure and because the speaker, due to his lack of self-worth, is unable to present a solution in the sestet.
Excerpt:-
When, in disgrace with fortune and men’s eyes,
I all alone beweep my outcast state,
And trouble deaf heaven with my bootless cries,
And look upon myself and curse my fate,

#3 SONNET 130
Alternate Title: My mistress’ eyes are nothing like the sun
Published: 1609
Sonnet 130 satirizes the concept of ideal beauty that was a convention of literature and art during the time. It compares the poet’s mistress to a number of natural beauties; each time making a point that the beauty of his mistress in obviously inadequate for such comparisons. In the last couplet of the poem, Shakespeare states that still his beloved is as special as any beauty for whom such fanciful comparisons are made by artists. He writes, “And yet, by heaven, I think my love as rare; As any she belied with false compare“. Sonnet 130 is renowned for mocking flowery courtly sonnets.
Excerpt:-
I have seen roses damask’d, red and white,
But no such roses see I in her cheeks;
And in some perfumes is there more delight
Than in the breath that from my mistress reeks.

#2 SONNET 116
Alternate Title: Let me not to the marriage of true minds
Published: 1609
This often-quoted sonnet provides the definition of ideal love. In the first quatrain, the speaker says that love is not changeable; in the second he says that it is fixed like the north star is to sailors; in the third he says that it not a “Time’s fool”, that it does not change with time; and in the couplet he attests to the certainty of his definition of love by saying, “If this be error and upon me proved; I never writ, nor no man ever loved.” Sonnet 116 is regarded among the finest in Shakespeare’s entire sequence of 154 sonnets and it is one of the most famous poems written on love.
Excerpt:-
Love’s not Time’s fool, though rosy lips and cheeks
Within his bending sickle’s compass come;
Love alters not with his brief hours and weeks,
But bears it out even to the edge of doom.

#1 SONNET 18
Alternate Title: Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?
Published: 1609
Shakespeare starts Sonnet 18 with a flattering question to the beloved: “Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?” He goes on to list some negative aspects of summer to establish that his beloved is better. In the last part of the poem, he states that the beauty of his beloved will never fade as he will make it eternal though the words of this poem which will remind the world of him “so long as men can breathe or eyes can see“. Sonnet 18 is the most famous poem written by William Shakespeare and among the most renowned sonnets ever written.
Excerpt:-
But thy eternal summer shall not fade
Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow’st;
Nor shall Death brag thou wander’st in his shade,
When in eternal lines to time thou grow’st;
So long as men can breathe or eyes can see,
So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.

*Thanks to learnodo-newtonic.com for sharing the facts.

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Sonali Patnaik is majorly into secondary research and report writing. She is an avid reader and reads a variety of novels, a music lover and a movie buff. She also loves to travel and fond of cooking experiments. She expresses her views on various topics and does so through her well-researched articles.



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EDITOR'S PICK

Constipation: A curable condition!

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Read Time: 4 minutes

Many people suffer from constipation; however, some do not want to take any medication for it. For them, here are some of the home remedies, which will not only help to treat it but also regularise your motion.

Triphala churna

An ayurvedic combination of three fruits, namely, amla or Indian gooseberry, haritaki or Chebulic Myrobalan and vibhitaki or Bellirica Myrobalan. It is a helpful laxative to regulate digestion and bowel movements.

Usage:

One teaspoon of Triphala churna can be taken with warm water or it can be mixed with honey. It should be consumed either before going to bed or in the early morning on an empty stomach.

Raisins

Raisins are loaded with fibre and act as great natural laxatives. This remedy best works for pregnant women, without the side-effects of medication.

Usage:

Soak a handful of raisins in water overnight. Consume them in the morning on an empty stomach.

Guavas

Guavas contain soluble fibre in its pulp and insoluble fibre content in its seeds. It also helps in mucus production that helps in peristalsis movement of the intestine.

Lemon saltwater

Lemon juice acts as a cleansing agent for the intestines and the salt helps in the easy and quick passage of stool. This combination is a great detox drink for the body.

Usage:

Add and mix one teaspoon of lemon juice in a glass of warm water.

Then add a pinch of salt to the lemon water solution.

Drink this solution on an empty stomach to relieve constipation.

Figs

Either ripe or dried, figs are a great source of fibre and act as an excellent natural laxative.

Usage:

Boil a few figs along with a glass of milk, drink this fig and milk mixture at night before bed.

Ensure the mixture is warm when you consume it.

Flaxseeds

Flaxseeds are another great source of fibre content and help you to a great extent when it comes to constipation related problems

Usage:

Mix flaxseeds in your cereal every morning. Or you can have a handful with warm water early in the morning.

Castor oil

It has been used for centuries as an excellent remedy for constipation as it has properties that can kill intestinal worms.

Usage:

If you can’t drink a spoon of castor oil alone then, you can add a tablespoon of it in a warm glass of milk. Drink this mixture at night before bed to relieve constipation. It also makes your skin texture castor smooth and flawless.

Spinach

Spinach has properties that cleanse, repair and renew the intestinal tract. This remedy is the most effective way to cure even the most chronic cases of constipation.

Usage:

You can consume 100 ml of spinach juice mixed with an equal amount of water twice daily.

Oranges

Oranges are a rich source of vitamin C. It is also loaded with a large amount of fibre.

Usage:

Eating two oranges every day, once in the morning and another in the evening can provide great relief from constipation. It is advised to consume them without peeling off the white threads for additional effect.

Seed mixtures

A handful of mixed seeds is a great source of fibre and helps to overcome constipation. The mixture of various seeds not only offers the necessary fibre content to relieve constipation but also helps in rejuvenating the intestinal walls.

Usage:

2-3 sunflower seeds, a few flaxseeds, til or sesame seeds and almonds ground together to a fine powder. Have one tablespoon of this mixture every day. You can add it to your cereal or salad in the morning.

Diet tips to avoid constipation:

  1. Avoid foods containing white flour-like maida, white sugar and other processed foods.
  2. Eat light meals regularly and make sure you eat at least 3-4 hours before going to bed.
  3. Include more vegetables and fruits into your daily diet.
  4. Adding condiments like haldi, jeera and ajwain in your food while cooking it is a great way to help digestion system.
  5. Drink at least eight to ten glasses of water every day. Do not forget to have a glass of warm water every morning and before going to bed.

Constipation is a curable and a manageable condition, all you need to do is bring a little change to your lifestyle. These home remedies and minor restrictions will keep you well and bring a happy morning to you.

Warm water is 100% effective in resolving some health problems

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EDITOR'S PICK

Magical Landscapes of Ladakh – A Must-Visit Destination

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After the removal of Article 370 by the Central Government, Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh have become the center of discussion. In the midst of political discussions, the beauty of Kashmir and Ladakh is also being talked about among the public. These holiday destinations offer you a sense of heavenly like vacation that will not let you return to your noisy city.

Here are some of the beautiful places you can’t miss on a trip to Ladakh.

Zanskar Valley

Zanskar Valley

This Valley is considered one of the most beautiful places in Ladakh. This place falls in the Himalayan range and is covered with snow. This destination offers you an altogether different comfort zone. The best time to visit here is from June to September.

Pangong Tso Lake

Pangong Tso Lake

Remember! The movie ‘3 Idiots’, where Kareena expressed her love for Aamir Khan at the end of the film. Yes, this is the place. This place’s unique feature of changing colors from azure to light blue to green and even grey makes this place a mesmerizing tourist destination.

Kargil

Kargil

A vacation in Ladakh is incomplete if Kargil is missed out. It is the second largest town in Ladakh. It is also considered as an exceptional destination for adventure activities such as camping, trekking, mountaineering and river rafting amongst others. The best time to visit here is between May to July.

Magnetic Hill

Magnetic Hill

Magnetic Hill is also known as a gravity hill and is located near Leh in Ladakh. The hill is purported to have strong magnetic properties, which can pull vehicles uphill. Even the aircraft’s passing over the hill are compelled to increase their altitude in order to escape the magnetic interference. Actually, this effect is considered to be an optical illusion created by the gravity hill.

Royal Leh Palace

Royal Leh Palace

Leh Palace is also known as the ‘Lhachen Palkhar’ is a former royal palace located in Leh. Built-in the 17th century, the palace is marked as one of the tallest constructions of that era. The rooftop of the palace provides spectacular views of the mountains of Stok Kangri and the Ladakh mountain range. Apart from this, a Buddha statue mounted inside the monastery of the palace is another breathtaking tourist attraction. The best time to visit is in August.

Moonland

Moonland

It is considered as a peculiar landscape located near Lamayuru on Leh-Kargil Road. Surprisingly, the landscapes here are believed to be like the moon. It has often said, that on a full moon night, the place is an extraordinary sight to behold.

Diskit Monastery

Diskit Monastery

Diskit Monastery also referred to as Deskit Gompa or Diskit Gompa, is the oldest and largest Buddhist monastery located in the Nubra Valley of Ladakh. It was founded in the 14th century by Changzem Tserab Zangpo, a disciple of Tsong Khapa. Therefore, the monastery belongs to the Gelugpa sect of Tibetan Buddhism.

Check out this spectacular single-decker and double-decker bridges made from the living roots of Ficus elastica located in Meghalaya.

The Living Root Bridges of Meghalaya

 

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EDITOR'S PICK

Breast Cancer: Do not ignore the early signs!

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Breast cancer is considered one of the common cancers nowadays. Not only women but men also fall victim to this disease. However, the chances of men are very less. Generally, if there is a lump in the breast, then we consider it to be the first symptom of breast cancer. But there are many other signs that we mostly ignore. As a consequence of which we identify the tumor quite late.

Most of the researches have revealed that there are many such factors in hormones and our lifestyle due to which the chances of breast cancer are highest. But if it is identified in its initial stage then its treatment will be easy. According to a survey, in the year 2018, there are about 1,62,468 new cases in India and about 87,090 deaths due to breast cancer.

Let’s know what the other symptoms of breast cancer are.

  1. Swelling and redness in skin
  2. Change in both breast sizes
  3. Pain in breast area or nipple
  4. Nipple discharge (not breast milk)
  5. Lump in the armpit
  6. Bleeding from Nipple
  7. Orange spots on breast skin
  8. Throat or armpit lymph nodes
  9. Itching in the breast for several days

If you find any of these symptoms then visit a doctor as soon as possible.

Check how a glass of warm water is better than cold water!

Warm water is 100% effective in resolving some health problems

 

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DIY

DIY No Sew Five-Minute Shrug or Drape!!

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Read Time: 1 minute

Yes, you read it right. It literally takes five minutes or less to make this vest. Let’s check out how we can make this.

Things Needed

  1. A larger Scarf (Minimum dimensions should be approx. 35 inches x 35inches
  2. Scissors
  3. Dinner plate
  4. Chalk or a Washable Pin

Let’s begin.

Step 1: Fold your scarf into half.

Step 2: Now, find the middle line.

Step 3: Then place the dinner plate in the middle and trace it using the chalk.

Step 4: Next, cut out the circle.

 

Now, it’s ready to put on. You can pair it up with any T-shirt or top. Check the below images for better vision.

 

Isn’t it spectacular? Pair it with a beautifully braided neckpiece.

 

The Braided Bead Necklace

Happy DIY!!

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EDITOR'S PICK

Basic rules of In-Laws Management!

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Read Time: 6 minutes

In India, a person doesn’t just marry another person; he or she marries her or his family. However, most of the dating couples never care to spend some time on thinking about their partner’s family even though the elders emphasize explicitly, “IN-LAWS DO MATTER”

The concern is not at all an irrational one. Even most of the surveys show that in-law relations are a key determinant of marital happiness.

Here are some of the basic rules to maintain a healthy and happy married life with your spouse.

Rule # 1: Loyalty is to your spouse

Once a person is married and starts his/her own family, the person’s priority changes and so the loyalty as well. The elders are unequivocal; so it is the duty of a person to support his or her spouse and to manage their own family. The basic rule of marriage is that the partners must present a cohesive front to both families, making it clear from the beginning that your spouse comes first. Even in the heat of a moment, an individual needs to stand by his/her spouse and not by respective families. All most all survey says, “In a conflict between spouse and family, always support your spouse.”

Rule # 2: Fix issues in marriage within the marriage.

One of the major mistakes that couples often do is sharing their relationship issues with their respective families. Of course, when people go through a rough patch, they tend to share their feelings with their close people. However, looking for a solution outside of the marriage is not a good idea. Therefore, the best way to find the right solution is by talking to your partner and not by turning away from your partner.

Always keep this in mind that venting to parents every time you’re angry or hurt will build a case against your partner. The conflict between a couple may get resolved after some time, but your close family never forgets the pain your spouse caused to you which may hold bitterness for your partner.

Rule # 3: Apposite boundaries are necessary.

There is a great saying that ‘Good fences make good neighbors.’ From a metaphoric point of view, consider your in-laws as your neighbors, and you need to create fences. Set boundaries and control their interferences in your married life. You are the only person to decide when they can come in and out of your life appropriately. You need to remember that you have got a finite amount of physical as well as emotional energy and when your in-laws are draining you then you need to change the limitations. However, reassure them that you are not closing them out.

Rule # 4: Talking about it, is essential

Privacy is one of the major demands of a marital relationship. If your in-laws are ramming into your married life and invading your privacy, perchance the reason behind this is you and your partner haven’t set limits or enunciated them. Talking to your parents is not as fragile as you think, so this is your job to set boundaries and talk to them about this.

Rule # 5: Deal with “the other woman” dynamic.

The first ‘other woman’ in any married man’s life is considered as his mother. In most of the couples it is quite common that partners often say, “Well, my mom does it this way…”; and of course, it is healthy, when you share your feelings or emotions related to ‘mother-son’  bond. However, husbands must not forget that the person with whom you are living in, is your partner for a lifetime. Your partner can not be the reflection of your mother because she is your spouse. Respect that and appreciate and accept her way of doing things as well. On the other hand, the wives must need to tell and make their partners realize that time has come where you come first not anything or anyone else.

Rule # 6: Know your role and do your best

If your partner has a problem with his or her mother-in-law, it’s your turn to step in. The person with the prime relationship that is the son or daughter required to act as the peacemaker. If a husband has some issues with his mother-in-law, then the wife’s job is to help him to resolve the problem. Similarly, if a wife is having problems with her in-laws, it’s the husband who supports her resolve it.

Rule # 7: Try not to criticize your spouse.

When you are with your parents, don’t forget that your partner is new to your family and he or she might take time to understand the emotion or bonding that you share with your parents. There may be parent/child dynamics that your spouse can’t see. So, this is the crucial time for him or her, where he or she may feel left out in the family. So, apart from staying with him or her, the first thing you need to do is try not to be overly critical and never criticize or make fun of your spouse in front of your family. Criticizing leads to more complications to understand your partner’s feelings and emotions.

Rule # 8: Don’t be a fighter always.

Most people tend to prove their point at the wrong time. It does not always need to be right during an argument, even when your in-laws are wrong from your perspective. The best way to face a fight or an argument is to stay calm. Research says the way you react to a situation adds fuel to the fight or the argument, which consequently overshadow your position. You need to keep this in mind that in a married life ‘being happy matters a lot than being right’.  

Rule # 9: Don’t involve kids.

Kids must not be used as pawns or weapons of war. Protect your children from being manipulated or emotionally spoiled by being in the mid of a war zone. Grandparents need to understand or else it is your responsibility to make them realize that even though their role is important in a child’s life, their involvement is a privilege, not a right. Also, they need to earn that privilege by keeping the kid’s interests above their own. Parents should make all efforts to maintain a healthy and loving relationship between a grandparent and grandchild.

In conclusion, In-laws management is not like staying away from parents.  Of course, you can love your parents and share a rich, active and healthy relationship with them but this should be and must be without involving them in your marriage.

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EDITOR'S PICK

Benefits of chanting Mahamrityunjaya Mantra regularly!

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Mahamrityunjaya Mantra is the impressive mantra of Lord Shiva. Its effects and powers are described in many Puranas. According to Shivpuran, recitation of this mantra eliminates all obstacles and troubles of a person. Reciting this mantra daily with the rosary of Rudraksha removes the fear of premature death (untimely death).

These defects are destroyed by Mahamrityunjaya.

The recitation of Mahamrityunjaya Mantra eliminates Manglik Dosha, Nadi Dosha, Kalasarp Dosh, Bhoot-Phantha Dosha, Disease, Nightmare, Fetus, Santanbadha, and many defects.

The recitation of Mahamrityujay Mantra provides auspicious results as follows

Longevity (long life) –

Any person who wishes to attain a long life should regularly chant the Mahamrityujaya Mantra. Due to the effect of this mantra, the fear of premature death of man ends. This mantra is very dear to Lord Shiva, the person chanting it gets a long life.

Receipt of Property –

Anyone who wishes to get wealth should recite the Mahamrityunjaya Mantra. Lord Shiva is always happy with the recitation of this mantra and the man never lacks money.

Health Recovery –

This mantra not only makes man fearless but also destroys his diseases. Lord Shiva is also called the God of Death. By chanting this mantra, diseases are destroyed and a human being becomes healthy.

Achievement of Yash (honor) –

By chanting this mantra, man attains a high position in society. A person seeking respect should chant the Mahamrityujaya mantra daily.

Blessed with children –

By chanting the Mahamrityujaya Mantra, Lord Shiva’s grace always remains and every wish is fulfilled. It is believed that regular recitation of the holy mantra helps in conceiving.

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EDITOR'S PICK

Maachha Patropoda (Baked Fish in Banana Leaf)

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Machcha Patropoda is a traditional cuisine of Odisha. The fish is marinated with a freshly ground masala and wrapped in banana leaf and cooked for a few minutes till it’s soft and tender.

Ingredients for the masala: 1 tsp ginger, 1 tsp garlic, 1 tsp cumin seeds, 1 tsp mustard seeds, 2-3 whole dry red chillies.

Ingredients for main preparation: 1 Whole fish of your preference, 2 tsp masala, 1/4 tsp salt, 1 tsp chopped green chillies, 1/4 tsp turmeric, 7 curry leaves, chopped coriander leaves, 1 sliced onion, 1 Tbsp mustard oil

For the masala:

  1. In a grinder put ginger, cumin seeds, garlic, mustard seeds and whole red chillies together.
  2. Blend it to a smooth paste.

For the main preparation:

  1. Clean the fish of your preference and cut into small pieces. Mostly, Hilsa fish tastes great when cooked this way.
  2. Add the ground masala to the fish pieces along with green chillies, turmeric, curry leaves, coriander leaves, onions, mustard oil and salt to taste. Mix all the ingredients well and leave this to marinate.
  3. Place the marinated fish in a banana leaf and wrap it and tie up the leaf packet with a thread.
  4. Then place the sealed banana into coal stove for 15-20 minutes and serve hot.

Tips: If you don’t have coal stove then you can simply keep the leaf packets of fish on a pan or tawaa.

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EDITOR'S PICK

Animals that people Love to wear!!!

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It sounds crazy but few people love to wear apparels made from animal skin or fur. Many people unknowingly stock their wardrobe with luxurious vanity, jackets, belts and even shoes made of animal skin. Each year, the worldwide leather industry slaughters about a billion animals for tanning their skins. These animals undergo all horrific methods of factory farming which includes incarceration, deprivation, and castration, stamping, and tail-docking. Animals are also slaughtered for their fur, silk, leather, wool, feathers and many more.

Here, we have listed ten poor animals that are very commonly killed for making garments.

Silk Worms

It is a widely known fact the silk clothes we wear are made from silkworms but have anyone ever given a thought that how the silk is obtained from the worms? The silkworm is a caterpillar or the larva of an insect Bombyx mori, commonly known as Silkmoth.

Silkworms

Sericulture involves boiling the cocoon worms alive in order to get the skein or the silk threads. Approximately 3000 silkworms are killed to produce a pound of silk only.

Seals

Seal hunting for commercial purposes in Canada is one of the cruelest and largest butcheries of marine animals on the Earth. Baby seals are often clubbed to death in order that their pelt may be used for human clothing.

Seals

Over a decade, approximately two million seals were killed; thousands of baby seals clubbed or shot for their fur every year. Expert vets studied and confirmed that this is the most brutal slaughters of its kind. Most of the seals are skinned alive. About 95% of the seals slaughtered are pups that are the babies of seals who are just a few weeks old and haven’t even eaten their first solid meal or taken their first swim yet.

Rabbits

Rabbits or bunnies are raised in captivity and sheared by brutal methods to get a kind of wool called angora.

Rabbits

Female rabbit yields more wool than male rabbits, therefore, in larger farms male rabbits are killed at birth. In some places, the workers tear the fur out of their delicate skin as frequently as every three months.

Foxes

On many fur farms, foxes are kept in small and filthy wire cages before being killed for their fur.

Foxes

These are caught in traps crushing their legs to bleed and until they die or hunters arrive. Further, the fur farmers use cheapest methods such as electrocution, suffocation, gas, and poison to kill these animals brutally.

Sheep

In Australia, the global leader in merino wool export, Sheep are subjected to a cruel mutilation method in which workers in the farm carve flesh and skin from the backsides of the animals, most of the time without giving them any anesthesia or painkillers.

Sheep

The method is called as mulesing.

Lambs

In some farms, lambs are killed while in the womb of a mother sheep, even before being born.

Lambs

This method is practiced to obtain karakul, a much softer and smoother variety of fur.

Chiru

Chiru, which considered being an endangered species of Tibetan antelope, is found in the high Himalayas. These animals are directly hunted and killed for its fur, as they cannot be domesticated.

Chiru

There is a thriving black market of Shahtoosh wool obtained from these wild Tibetian antelope, even though there is stringent law against it.

Minks

Mink jackets and coats have been considered as a status symbol for a long time. Because of its high costs, people believe that it’s a luxury to wear mink and only a few people can afford this. This led the little animals to die in thousands or more.

Minks

In order to get the costly fur material, these little creatures go through brutal handling by the farmworkers who grab the petrified, screaming minks by their tails, crowd them into a small suffocating container, and pump it full of gas to suffocate them till they die.

Beavers

Beaver is an exceptionally gentle, social animal that mate for life and create a strong bond with its offspring.

Beavers

Beavers are caught for its fur by using the body-gripping traps, which causes severe pain to these sensitive creatures until they die.

Dogs & Cats

Most of the fur products are sourced from dogs and cat and the fact is kept hidden from most consumers who buy such products.

Dogs and Cats

Actually millions of dogs and cats in China are hanged, beaten, bled to death or strangled with wire nooses to obtain a good quality fur, which often mislabeled and sold in in many countries across the world.

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EDITOR'S PICK

Talaq Talaq Talaq: instantaneous and irrevocable divorce

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Shah Bano, a 62-year-old Muslim mother of five from Indore, Madhya Pradesh, was divorced by her husband in 1978. She filed a criminal suit in the Supreme Court of India, in which she won the right to alimony from her husband. However, the Muslim politicians mounted a campaign for the verdict’s nullification. The Indian Parliament reversed the judgment under pressure from Islamic orthodoxy.

After 41 years India has witnessed the victory for all these Muslim women who had been directly or indirectly having been suffered the most in the name of triple talaq or talaq-e-biddat or talaq-e- mughallazah(irrevocable divorce). The revocation of triple talaq has shown the way for one nation and one law. It has certainly purged the impurities which are marring Indian society for a long time. It is hard to believe such a stigma of society still persists in India. There was a time when movie maker could not put the name of the movie as triple talaq as it can simply jeopardize their marriage status by uttering the words by a husband.

Not only Muslims women, but in the case of Hindus women also, they do face the black horror of bigotry, superstition and social stigma since the dawn of history. Be it female foeticide, child marriage, dowry disgrace, women trafficking or gender inequality in every sphere of life, have ceded the developed India’s goodwill and harmony. According to sources in every hour 4 Indian women lost their modesty and that 117 million girls demographically go “missing” due to sex-selective abortions, as claimed by the United Nations Population Fund.

The historic landmark judgment which has unveiled the curtain of superstition and introduced the new legislation which makes the practice of instant divorce through ‘triple talaq’ among Muslims a punishable offense with 3-year imprisonment. The new law clarifies and invokes  ‘talaq-e-biddat’ or any other similar form of talaq having the effect of instantaneous and irrevocable divorce pronounced by a Muslim husband void and illegal. It makes it illegal to pronounce talaq three times — spoken, written or through SMS or WhatsApp or any other electronic chat — in one sitting.”Any pronouncement of talaq by a Muslim husband upon his wife, by words, either spoken or written or in electronic form or in any other manner whatsoever, shall be void and illegal,” the law says.

The road to glory has not been rosy as the All India Muslim Personal Law Board (AIMPLB) has argued that the Supreme Court does not have jurisdiction to strike down provisions of personal law, organizations calling for reform and Muslim women from various walks of life across the country have urged the court to declare triple talaq and polygamy as “un-Islamic”. In the past, courts have made discordant notes about the immunity enjoyed by personal laws.

In 1951, the Bombay High Court in State of Bombay versus Narasu Appa Mali held that personal law is not ‘law’ under Article 13 of the Indian constitution. The judgment was never challenged in the Supreme Court.  In Ahmedabad Women Action Group versus Union of India, the Supreme Court was asked to consider that unilateral divorce by talaq and polygamy violated Articles 14 and 15.

The Article 13 of Indian Constitution provides a constitutional basis to judicial review since it gives the Supreme Court or High Courts the authority to interpret the pre-constitutional laws and decide whether they are in sync with the principles and values of the present Constitution. A judicial declaration from a Constitution Bench under Article 13 that personal laws are liable to comply with the fundamental rights guaranteed by Constitution would bring religious law, even uncodified practices.

The instantaneous and irrevocable (triple talaq) divorce has certainly addressed such sectarian rules which are earlier hard to be touched and forget of curtailing or wiping out from the society. Time has come now and again to act upon such inadmissible and untouched principles which are definitely cursed for the society in this developing and holy nation.

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EDITOR'S PICK

In the Memory of Padma Bhushan Shri Harivansh Rai Bachchan

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Shri Harivansh Rai Bachchan’s writings are considered as great milestones in Hindi literature which needs no introduction. He was a rebellious Indian poet noted for the Nayi Kavita literary movement in early 20th century.  He was born in a Hindu Kayastha family, in Allahabad in the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh, in British India. He was also a poet of the Hindi Kavi Sammelan.

In 1976, he was honored with the Padma Bhushan, the third highest award for his contribution to Hindi literature. He had incorporated vocabulary from several languages, including Awadhi, Hindi, and Urdu, which were considered as Hindustani language during that time.

Let’s check of his best poems below,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

These evergreen compositions will always remain with us.

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