People will soon be able to make calls and access internet through their phones during air travel and ship voyage within Indian territory as the government has notified rules for providing such services.
Indian and foreign airlines and shipping companies operating in the country can provide in-flight and maritime voice and data services in partnership with a valid Indian telecom licence holder.
“These rules may be called the Flight and Maritime Connectivity Rules, 2018. They shall come into force on the date of their publication in the Official Gazette,” the notification dated December 14 said.
The in-flight and maritime connectivity (IFMC) can be provided using telecom networks on ground as well as using satellites.
The services can be provided by a valid telecom licence holder in India through domestic and foreign satellites having permission of the Department of Space, it said.
“In case of using satellite system for providing IFMC, the telegraph message shall be passed through the satellite gateway earth station located within India…and such satellite gateway earth stations shall be interconnected with the NLD (national long distance) or access service or ISP licensee’s network for further delivery of service,” the notification said.
The IFMC services will be activated once the aircraft attains a minimum height of 3,000 metres in Indian airspace to avoid interference with terrestrial mobile networks.
The IFMC licences will be granted against annual fee of Re 1 for a period of 10 years and the permit holder will have to pay licence fees and spectrum charges based on revenue earned from providing services.
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE: beginning of a new era of technology
People have been synthesizing automatons for a long time, but artificial intelligence was first discussed in the 1950s, after Herbert Simon argued that computers could think, based on the ideas of Alan Turing. Subsequently, artificial intelligence became established. The technologies that assist in the handling of knowledge are broadly referred to as artificial intelligence (AI). A broad overview of artificial intelligence and a more detailed view of its two branches – expert systems and neural networks – are given in this chapter.
Artificial intelligence (AI) is concerned with using computers to perform tasks that would be called ‘intelligent’ if people did them. The objectives are two-fold: to improve understanding of human cognition and to improve the potential of the computer as a tool for problem-solving.
According to Holsapple and Whinston (1987), ‘artificial intelligence is the activity of providing such machines as computers with the ability to display behavior that would be regarded as intelligent if it were observed in humans.’
Another definition of artificial intelligence is: ‘A field of study that designs and develops machines capable of performing tasks that would require intelligence if performed by a human being (Rich, 1987).
HISTORY OF AI
The term AI was coined by Jhon McCarthy as the theme of a conference held at Dartmouth College. In the same year, the first AI computer program, called Logic Theorist, was announced. This program encouraged researchers to develop another program, called the General Problem Solver (GPS), that was intended for use in solving problems of all kinds.
For the past 15-20 years, there has been an increasing interest in using the computer for artificial intelligence. The idea is to develop a machine that can reason, learn, understand, recall and explain its behavior, and actions can be viewed as an intelligent machine. However, even today, three to four decades after AI was conceived, the creation of truly intelligent machines is still not quite a reality.
AREAS OF AI
The areas that influence AI and the branches of AI are expert systems, robotics, natural language, learning, computer vision, perceptive systems, AI hardware, and neural networks. These areas are illustrated in the below figure which indicates a certain amount of overlap among the areas. The overlap illustrates the way that one area can benefit others. A brief explanation of various branches of AI is given.
- Expert systems are computer programs that attempt to represent the knowledge of human experts, in the form of heuristics, in a specialized area. An expert system stores the knowledge of an expert in a specific area of studies, such as production engineering and genetic engineering. The system applies various reasoning methods to the information stored in it, in order to solve complex problems that require both knowledge and intuition. Sometimes, the problem-solving capabilities of such systems are as good as, or even better than, those of human experts.
- Perceptive systems use visual images and auditory signals to instruct computers or rather devices, such as robots.
- Computer vision is to endow computers with the ability to recognize and identify objects and the context to which they belong. Vision capabilities enhance the ability of computers to emulate human intelligence.
- Natural language processing enables users to communicate with the computer in foreign languages.
- Learning encompasses all of the activity that enables the computer to or another device to acquire knowledge in addition to what has been entered into the memory by its manufacturer or by programmers.
- AI hardware includes the physical device that aid in AI application.
- Robotics consists of computer-controlled devices that mimic the motor activities of humans.
- Neural networks are highly simplified models of the human nervous system that exhibit abilities such as learning, generalization, and abstraction. These abilities enable the models to learn human-like behavior.
Usage of AI
AI is important because it can help solve immensely difficult issues in various industries, such as entertainment, education, health, commerce, transport, and utilities. AI applications can be grouped into five categories:
- Reasoning: The ability to solve problems through logical deduction. e.g. financial asset management, legal assessment, financial application processing, autonomous weapons systems, games
- Knowledge: The ability to present knowledge about the world. e.g. financial market trading, purchase prediction, fraud prevention, drug creation, medical diagnosis, the media recommendation
- Planning: The ability to set and achieve goals. e.g. inventory management, demand forecasting, predictive maintenance, physical and digital network optimization, navigation, scheduling, logistics
- Communication: The ability to understand spoken and written the language. e.g. real-time translation of spoken and written languages, real-time transcription, intelligent assistants, voice control
- Perception: The ability to infer things about the world via sounds, images, and other sensory inputs. e.g. medical diagnosis, autonomous vehicles, surveillance.
Artificial Intelligence (AI) has often been popularly envisaged in super-smart humanoid robot form. In fact, it’s more commonly implemented as behind-the-scenes algorithms that can process ‘big’ data to accomplish a range of relatively mundane tasks far more efficiently than humans can.
Prospects of AI
In the next 10 years, technologies in narrow fields such as speech recognition will continue to improve and will reach human levels. In 10 years AI will be able to communicate with humans in unstructured English using text or voice, navigate (not perfectly) in an unprepared environment and will have some rudimentary common sense (and domain-specific intelligence).
It will recreate some parts of the human (animal) brain in silicon. The feasibility of this is demonstrated by tentative hippocampus experiments in rats. There are two major projects aiming for human brain simulation, CCortex, and IBM Blue Brain.
There will be an increasing number of practical applications based on digitally recreated aspects of human intelligence, such as cognition, perception, rehearsal learning, or learning by repetitive practice. Robots take over everyone’s jobs.
The development of meaningful artificial intelligence will require that machines acquire some variant of human consciousness. Systems that do not possess self-awareness and sentience will at best always be very brittle. Without these uniquely human characteristics, truely useful and powerful assistants will remain a goal to achieve.
Challenges of AI
The foremost factor is blockchain technology (also known as Distributed Ledger Technology) and its potential seismic impact on financial transactions across the globe. Blockchain technology has started sweeping the different areas of transactional finance, such as clearing, settlement, payments. Secondly, although it is still in its infancy, we know that there are many algorithmic trading systems used around the world in different streams of asset management.
Challenges and cope up in Indian context
Indians must upskill in the IT sector to survive and this is increasingly acknowledged. But there are constraints that go beyond an over-emphasis on low-end technical services. While the country is not an entrepreneurial epicenter for artificial intelligence, many of the executives who are a part of the ecosystem of over 170 AI startups point out that they face enormous staffing challenges.
There simply is not enough AI talent in the country as only 4% of AI professionals in India have worked on emerging technologies such as deep learning and neural networks and many companies require candidates to have a Ph.D. in the field, which is even scarcer in India.
According to AI startup founders Subrat Parida and Navneet Gupta, they spend 40% of their time just looking for talented engineers and it is immensely difficult to find people with the right training and experience in AI.
India must address its shortage of engineers with training in machine learning, analytics, and robotics. However, the problems go beyond training. There is a particular mindset that is required as AI is a discovery-oriented and novel field that requires professionals with an appetite for research and experimentation.
Thus, the challenges experienced by Indian startups in AI are related to a deeper problem. But the threat posed by automation and artificial intelligence means that the greatest risk of all is not acting, not investing and not innovating in the technologies of the future.
Although we don’t know the exact future, it is quite evident that interacting with AI will soon become an everyday activity. These interactions will clearly help our society evolve, particularly in regards to automated transportation, cyborgs, handling dangerous duties, solving climate change, friendships and improving the care of our elders. Beyond these six impacts, there are even more ways that AI technology can influence our future and this very fact has professionals across multiple industries extremely excited for the ever-burgeoning future of artificial intelligence.
What is the difference between http and https?
Time to know this with 32 lakh debit cards compromised in India.
Some of you may be aware of this difference, but it is worth sharing for many that are not.
The main difference between HTTP:// and HTTPS:// is all about keeping you secure.
HTTP stands for HyperText Transfer Protocol.
The S (big surprise) stands for “Secure”. If you visit a Website or web page and look at the address in the web browser, it is likely, to begin with, the following: http://.
This means that the website is talking to your browser using the regular unsecured language. In other words, it is possible for someone to “eavesdrop” on your computer’s conversation with the Website. If you fill out a form on the website, someone might see the information you send to that site.
This is why you never ever enter your credit card number in an Http website! But if the web address begins with https://, that means your computer is talking to the website in a Secure code that no one can eavesdrop on.
Now, you understand why this is so important, right?
If a website ever asks you to enter your Credit/Debit card Information, you should automatically look to see if the web address begins with https://.
If it doesn’t, you should NEVER enter sensitive Information such as a credit/debit card number.
While checking the name of any website, first look for the domain extension (.com or .org, .co, .in, .net etc). The name just before this is the domain name of the website. Eg, in the above example, http://amazon.diwali-festivals.com, the word before .com is “diwali-festivals” (and NOT “amazon”). So, this webpage does not belong to amazon.com but belongs to “diwali-festivals.com”, which we all haven’t heard of before.
You can similarly check for bank frauds. Before your ebanking logins, make sure that the name just before “.com” is the name of your bank. “Something.icicibank.com” belongs to icici; but, icicibank.some1else.com belongs to “some1else”.
Https doesn’t mean it is secure as the https server may be compromised and masquerading as a genuine server. There are many inherent issues in the current standard tls1.2 which will be taken care of by the new protocol tls1.3, which is much more safer
This is a simple, but a good and necessary knowledge to have at times like these.
This useful article for our readers curated from the web.
Chandrayan 2’s successful launch makes 130 crore Indians proud
Interesting future predictions
1- Auto repair shops will go away.
2- A gasoline engine has 20,000 individual parts. An electrical motor has 20. Electric cars are sold with lifetime guarantees and are only repaired by dealers. It takes only 10 minutes to remove and replace an electric motor.
3- Faulty electric motors are not repaired in the dealership but are sent to a regional repair shop that repairs them with robots.
4- Your electric motor malfunction light goes on, so you drive up to what looks like a Jiffy-auto wash, and your car is towed through while you have a cup of coffee and out comes your car with a new electric motor!
5- Gas stations will go away.
6- Parking meters will be replaced by meters that dispense electricity. Companies will install electrical recharging stations; in fact, they’ve already started.
7- Most (smart) major auto manufacturers have already designated money to start building new plants that only build electric cars.
8- Coal industries will go away. Gasoline/oil companies will go away. Drilling for oil will stop. So say goodbye to OPEC!
9- Homes will produce and store more electrical energy during the day and then they use and will sell it back to the grid. The grid stores it and dispense it to industries that are high electricity users. Has anybody seen the Tesla roof?
10- A baby of today will only see personal cars in museums. FUTURE is approaching faster than most of us can handle.
11- In 1998, Kodak had 170,000 employees and sold 85% of all photo paper worldwide. Within just a few years, their business model disappeared and they went bankrupt. Who would have thought of that ever happening?
12- What happened to Kodak and Polaroid will happen in a lot of industries in the next 5-10 years … and most people don’t see it coming.
13- Did you think in 1998 that 3 years later, you would never take pictures on film again? With today’s smartphones, who even has a camera these days?
14- Yet digital cameras were invented in 1975. First ones only had 10,000 pixels but followed Moore’s law. So as with all exponential technologies, it was a disappointment for a time, before it became way superior and became mainstream in only a few short years.
15- It will now happen again (but much faster) with Artificial Intelligence, health, autonomous and electric cars, education, 3D printing, agriculture, and jobs.
16- Forget the book, “Future Shock”, welcome to the 4th Industrial Revolution.
17- Software has disrupted and will continue to disrupt most traditional industries in the next 5-10 years.
18- UBER is just a software tool, they don’t own any cars, and are now the biggest taxi company in the world! Ask any taxi driver if they saw that coming.
19- Airbnb is now the biggest hotel company in the world, although they don’t own any properties. Ask Hilton Hotels if they saw that coming.
20- Artificial Intelligence: Computers become exponentially better in understanding the world.
This year, a computer beat the best Go-player in the world, 10 years earlier than expected.
21- In the USA, young lawyers already don’t get jobs. Because of IBM’s Watson, you can get legal advice (so far for right now, the basic stuff) within seconds, with 90% accuracy compared with 70% accuracy when done by humans. So, if you study law, stop immediately. There will be 90% fewer lawyers in the future, (what a thought!) only omniscient specialists will remain.
22- Watson already helps nurses diagnosing cancer, its 4 times more accurate than human nurses.
23- Facebook now has a pattern recognition software that can recognize faces better than humans. In 2030, computers will become more intelligent than humans.
24- Autonomous cars: In 2018 the first self-driving cars are already here. In the next 2 years, the entire industry will start to be disrupted. You won’t want to own a car anymore as you will call a car with your phone, it will show up at your location and drive you to your destination.
25- You will not need to park if you will only pay for the driven distance and you can be productive while driving. The very young children of today will never get a driver’s license and will never own a car.
26- This will change our cities because we will need 90-95% fewer cars. We can transform former parking spaces into parks.
27- About 1.2 million people die each year in car accidents worldwide including distracted or drunk driving. We now have one accident every 60k miles; with autonomous driving that will drop to 1 accident in 6 million miles. That will save a million lives plus worldwide each year.
28- Most traditional car companies will doubtless become bankrupt. Traditional car companies will try the evolutionary approach and just build a better car, while tech companies (Tesla, Apple, Google) will do the revolutionary approach and build a computer on wheels.
29- Look at what Volvo is doing right now; no more internal combustions engines in their vehicles starting this year with the 2019 models, using all-electric or hybrid only, with the intent of phasing out hybrid models.
30- Many engineers from Volkswagen and Audi; are completely terrified of Tesla and so they should be. Look at all the companies offering all-electric vehicles. That was unheard of, only a few years ago.
31- Insurance companies will have massive trouble because, without accidents, the costs will become cheaper. Their car insurance business model will disappear.
32- Real estate will change. Because if you can work while you commute, people will move farther away to live in a more beautiful or affordable neighborhood.
33- Electric cars will become mainstream about 2030. Cities will be less noisy because all new cars will run on electricity.
34- Cities will have much cleaner air as well. (Can we start in Los Angeles, please?)
35- Electricity will become incredibly cheap and clean.
36- Solar production has been on an exponential curve for 30 yrs, but you can now see the burgeoning impact. And it’s just getting ramped up.
37- Fossil energy companies are desperately trying to limit access to the grid to prevent competition from home solar installations, but that simply cannot continue – technology will take care of that strategy.
38- Health: The Tricorder X price will be announced this year. There are companies who will build a medical device (called the “Tricorder” from Star Trek) that works with your phone, which takes your retina scan, your blood sample, and you breathe into it. It then analyses 54 biomarkers that will identify nearly any Disease. There are dozens of phone apps out there right now for health purposes.
WELCOME TO TOMORROW – it actually arrived a few years ago.
☆ ☆ ☆ ☆ ☆
This future-oriented article curated from the web.
Here’s How To Enable WhatsApp Dark Mode In Android And iOS
Out of all the features rolled out with WhatsApp beta, one of the most awaited and cherished one is the “dark mode” (or night mode). Apart from carrying along with it an aesthetically-pleasing dark design factor, dark mode can also add to the overall user experience by improving readability, reducing eye-fatigue, and enhancing the overall battery consumption on the device among others.
However, no word is out yet on the official launch of dark mode and it’s still under works. But, till then you can play around with the feature on your device. Here’s how.
WhatsApp Dark Mode for Android
The first step to be able to enable dark mode for WhatsApp on your device is to run the latest Android Q beta version. Once you have the OS running on your device, follow these steps:
- Turn on the Android Q’s native dark theme on the device by going to Settings, select Display, select theme, and then choose ‘dark’.
- Once you have enabled the dark theme, you then have to turn on ‘developer options’. To enable developer options, go to Settings, select about phone, and then tap the “build number” seven times.
- Now that you’ve enabled the developer option, you need to select “override force-dark” to apply the theme across all the apps on the phone.
- Since you have applied dark mode across all the apps, you’ll notice that WhatsApp too would have a dark theme across it. To apply dark mode to chat threads, hit settings – wallpaper – no wallpaper to darken up the thread section. You have now dark mode enabled on WhatsApp.
So, that was super simple on Android. Now, let’s quickly look at how you can enable dark mode on WhatsApp for iOS.
WhatsApp Dark Mode for iOS
We’ll now look at the ‘smart-invert’ method that basically uses the iOS 11’s “smart invert’ feature that reverses the display color in an iPhone. can give your WhatsApp a darker appearance on iOS.
Once you have iOS 11 on your phone, go to settings, select General, then Accessibility, select display accommodations – Invert colors – smart invert. You’ll have a darker- looking appearance across your device, without it interfering with the quality of your photos or video.
However, the theme doesn’t apply across all parts of WhatsApp. For instance, if you want a dark theme across chat threads, you’ll have to pick a darker chat background wallpaper. Also, in case you don’t want any discrepancies at all, in terms of media quality, you can disable the feature for other apps excluding WhatsApp.
OnePlus TV Might Launch Soon In India
After making a major uproar in the market with the launch of its new smartphone series, OnePlus might soon announce the OnePlus TV soon in India,
Serial tipster Ishan Agarwal mentioned on Twitter, “Have some good news for you all: The OnePlus TV is not very far away, at least according to one source. The launch might be soon, so stay tuned. I have very high expectations from it, what about you.”.
Given that OnePlus is known to offer affordable yet premium-feel smartphones, its television sets are also expected to be the same: Premium, yet affordable by all.
OnePlus hasn’t revealed any details regarding the TV or its launch. However, it is believed that the TVs display might not be OLED, as it is available in other premium TV sets. Other smart features that the TV reportedly might sport includes a 4K HDR display, an AI voice assistant, ability to integrate with other devices, and will run on OxygenOS.
The news of OnePlus branching out and working on its TVs first came to light, last year. Pete Lau mentioned an interview that OnePlus might launch TVs in 2020 and India would be the first nation to get the OnePlus TV.
This is because OnePlus wants to take its time creating a software that can truly offer an immersive and unique experience to the users.
Now, although the TV isn’t out yet, we can’t wait to see how OnePlus would bring a premium touch to affordable TVs and how it would fair against major rivals in a saturated Indian smart TV market.
DARK MODE STARTS TO SHOW UP IN GMAIL FOR ANDROID
Google is about to introduce a System-Wide Dark Theme with the arrival of Android Q. However, many apps from the company still lack proper Dark Mode. Gmail is one of these apps, but according to a new report, this is about to change. Google’s App, Drive and Keep already received their Darker treatment, now the search giant is working hard to deliver a proper experience on their popular e-mail app.
According to a report from AndroidPolice, the long overdue dark mode is starting to show up in Gmail App. However, it still needs to be fully implemented. While developers could found it after digging into the code, the app still lacks a toggle to enable and disable the Dark interface. Furthermore, the dark mode seems to be available in settings only for the time being. It currently, pops up randomly whenever it wants.
Gmail is one of the most popular Google Apps for Android device. So it’s a bit curious to see many other G-apps getting Dark UI treatment and Gmail left in the light-blinding the only option. We believe that Google is saving the best for last. Apparently, the dark mode appears in Gmail v2019.06.09. For instance, if you have this specific version installed in your device, you might sporadically enjoy the new implementation.
Google now allows you to flag deceptive sites with a new Chrome extension
Google’s Safe Browsing feature will only work if it knows what websites to protect you against, which is why the tech giant is encouraging users to report suspicious sites. The company has launched a new Chrome extension called Suspicious Site Reporter, which provides you a quick way to let Google know if a website looks, well, suspicious. It adds a flag right next to your other extensions that turns orange if it finds anything doubtful about the page you’re visiting.
Sometimes the things it considers questionable are as trivial as the website not belonging in the top 5,000. But if it does find something truly unsavory, you can easily notify Google by clicking the Send Report button, which will send the company that website’s URL, a screenshot of it and all the site’s HTML. In the announcement, Google said the extension is for “power users”,presumably, that means system administrators — but we were able to access it and send a report just fine.
In addition, Google is revealing a new feature for Chrome 75 that can prevent you from loading deceptive websites. If you try to load go0gle.com instead of google.com, for instance, the browser will issue a full page warning. It will ask if the legit website is the one you actually want to go to, because you don’t usually visit the one you’re loading.
True-caller gets free Internet voice call feature
To facilitate high quality Internet calls, communication app Truecaller on Tuesday launched a new feature called “Truecaller Voice” for its 140 million daily active users globally, the company said in a statement.
The in-app voice over Internet protocol (VoIP)-based feature would allow users to make free, high quality, low latency and quick to connect audio calls through Wi-Fi or mobile data connectivity.
“We are looking forward to effectively provide an end-to-end communication experience, where users can call, text, chat, filter messages, block spam and even make digital payments, all in one app,” said Rishit Jhunjhunwala, Vice President, Product, Truecaller.
The company had quietly started rolling out this feature to Android users from earlier this month.
“We are also planning to expand this feature to iOS in a few weeks,” Jhunjhunwala added.
In February, the app crossed 100 million daily users mark in India, from where the company attracts over 60 per cent of its global user base.
Headquartered in Stockholm, Sweden, Truecaller was founded by Alan Mamedi and Nami Zarringhalam in 2009.
Vivo Z1 Pro live shots seem to disclose entire design
The Vivo Z1 Pro is hpoefully debut soon in India as an international version of the Vivo Z5x smartphone that was recently launched in China. In comparison with the Vivo Z5x, the Z1 Pro will be arriving with some improvements in departments like processor and front-facing camera. Vivo has not confirmed the launch date of the Vivo Z1 Pro in India till now. Couple of live shots of the smartphone have been shared by Indian tipster Mukul Sharma today to reveal its entire design.
The Vivo Z1 Pro images show that the rear shell of the phone is fitted with a vertical triple camera setup at its top-left corner. A fingerprint scanner is available on its rear. The back panel of the phone seems to be made out of glass.
The Vivo Z1 Pro will be one of the first mid-range category smartphones to arrive with punch-hole display design. On June 20, Motorola will be launching the Motorola One Vision smartphone in India with the same display design. Coming back to the Z1 Pro, except for its thicker chin, the display is surrounded by slimmer bezels on all three sides.
Vivo India has confirmed many features of the Vivo Z1 Pro smartphone through its official page. It will be arriving as India first phone fueled by the Snapdragon 712 chipset. The Vivo Z5x features the Snapdragon 710. In comparison, the SD712 offers faster clocking speed than the SD710 chip.
The Vivo Z1 Pro will feature a front-facing camera of 32-megapixel. This feature is being dubbed as in-display camera technology.
The Z1 pro will be backed 5,000mAh battery and it will carry support for 18W fast charging. However, it is yet to be confirmed whether it will be featuring a microUSB or USB-C port. The bottom edge of the phone features a 3.5mm audio jack, microphones and an external speaker apart from the charging port.
There is no information available on the pricing of the Vivo Z1 Pro smartphone till now. Probably, the company may announce it by the end of this month.
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