A sudden surge of fuel price has raised the eyebrows of many of us. Ordinary citizens of India begin to chide and criticize the govt policies and oil companies deregulation strategy as they have to shoulder the maximum brunt in many ways. But the bottom line is we simply unaware of the facts and figures that are controlling the price of fossil fuels. So it is high time we must aware of the intricacies and delicacies of a hike of fuel price and its subsequent effect on the economy
Fuel means coal, gas or oil which burns to gives us energy or heat. But in the broader economic terms we are more concerned about crude oil; i.e. petrol or diesel. The recent rise in the prices of crude oil has drawn everyone’s attention towards the crucial role that oil plays in the economy of any nation. Crude oil is one of the most necessitated commodities in the world and India imports around 100 million tons of crude oil and other petroleum products. This, in turn, results in spending huge amounts of foreign exchange.
In the Indian Context
The increasing quantum of imports of petroleum products has a significant impact on the Indian economy, especially when crude oil prices are shooting up globally. Crude oil not only serves as a source of energy but also as a major raw material to various industries. With no major discoveries in recent years, the increasing costs of production have pushed up crude oil prices globally. Also, the high volatility in the prices of oil breaching the $100/barrel mark and rising to a high of $147/barrel could be attributed to the fact that in the recent years, many index funds have taken positions in commodities considering oil to be an asset stock in their portfolios. It has been usually observed that in India, the pricing scheme is designed in such a way that it offers a system to moderate the soaring international oil prices and thereby study the impact on growth, inflation, etc.
Reasons for the surge
There has been a sharp hike in the prices of petrol and diesel since the “dynamic” daily pricing model for these fuels was introduced in India. Before accepting the causes of the surge, we must know how the crude oil price is designed.
How is the Indian crude basket calculated?
- The Indian basket of crude oil basically represents a derived basket comprising Sour Grade and Sweet Grade of crude oil processed in Indian.
- Prices of petrol and diesel have both been made market-determined. Since then, the Public Sector Oil Marketing Companies (OMCs) are supposed to take appropriate decisions on the pricing of petrol and diesel. This is in line with international product prices and other market conditions such as the exchange rate and the demand-supply situation.
- In 2017, the new dynamic daily pricing was introduced.
What does dynamic daily pricing system mean?
- Dynamic daily pricing means the state retailers will reset the price of petrol and diesel each day, rather than wait for a fortnightly revision.
- On a broad view, this move will align the retail pricing of crude products in line with price changes in the international markets. This will bring transparency in the pricing of crude products.
- The companies will change the price of transport fuels every day based on crude price movements. Dynamic pricing is followed in many developed countries.
- We can say therefore say that the retail fuel prices are expected to be more aligned to market dynamics.
What is the positive impact of dynamic daily pricing system?
- This move is believed to crystallize the outlook for oil marketing companies marketing margin, or the difference between the cost of procurement and the price charged by retailer and therefore boost confidence over the overall sustainability of this broad deregulation initiative.
- The shorter time lag between crude purchase and products sales will collapse, thus allowing prices to reflect cost and avoid artificial distortions.
- It will enhance OMCs’ ability to pass the prices into the economy more effectively.
- Global experience shows that the current dynamic pricing of fuel has the potential to attract the participation of private players in fuel retailing and several downstream opportunities, thus exposing the downstream and marketing to best practices and modern technology in refining.
- A liberalized retailing regime may also expose the PSUs into an intensive competitive scenario.
What is the negative impact of dynamic daily pricing system?
- Consumers may be affected sometimes, especially if there is a major international event, like a war or riot. Then, the prices may fluctuate a lot. It can become expensive or cheap, depending on the nature of the incident.
- Prices of FMCG goods may also fluctuate dynamically. FMCG prices are directly related to fuel prices. Now, if the fuel prices suddenly increase, then there are chances that FMCG products pricing may also fluctuate, and sometimes daily.
What explains the divergence in the movements of the crude basket and of retail prices?
- With global crude oil prices plummeting to record lows when it took charge, the government resorted to a series of excise duty hikes in the second half of 2015 and the initial months of 2016 on both petrol and diesel to help shore up finances.
- This has helped the Centre realize higher central excise duties primarily through the increased tax on petrol and diesel, which are still outside the ambit of GST.
- In India, the share of taxes in the retail selling prices of petrol and diesel (as on July 16) was 55.5% and 47.3% respectively, with central taxes (essentially excise duty) accounting for the bulk of it.
What other variables are involved?
- The price is determined not only by the movement of crude oil price (the main raw material), but also by the rupee/dollar exchange rate and the demand-supply situation in the market.
- While a deficit of the product leads to a rise in its price, an increase in supply will lead to a decrease.
- Over the first nine months of the calendar year 2017, the global crude oil price for the Indian basket fell by 0.44% while the price of petrol (in Delhi) came down by 0.3%.
- This is despite the fact that the rupee strengthened against the dollar by nearly 7%, something that would have translated into sharply cheaper imported oil.
How has the government justified the excise hikes?
- The government has defended the higher duty and said that increased revenue was going into welfare activities of building more roads and providing irrigation and drinking water facilities.
- Government has said that oil companies would continue to have pricing freedom.
- The government says that one part of the fall in oil prices as a part of proper economic and fiscal planning goes to the consumer.
- The second part is going to developmental activities, particularly national highways and rural roads, because those who consume petrol and diesel drive vehicles on these roads, and they must pay for it.
- The third part is consumed by the states by way of VAT.
- Of what the central government gets, 42% is being passed on to the states.
- And for the fourth and final part, it goes to the oil companies for the reason that when oil companies make international purchases against future purchases, they suffer a huge loss.
Why the prices have increased/Causes
- Variation in supply
- Stronger dollar
- Sanctions on Iran
Oil and Iran
- India purchases 10% of its requirement from Iran
- It is also 3rd largest supplier to India
- It provides a credit of 60 days
- Iran supplies 2.4 MN barrels per day of crude to the international market
- The value of import bill for oil increased by 76% in July from a year earlier to $10.2 bn, which pushed up the trade deficit to more than $18 bn (the highest in five years). The increasing crude oil prices will ensure that the CAD will reach 2.6% of GDP in this financial year from 1.5% a year ago
According to the recent World Economic Outlook (WEO) by the IMF, roughly 80% of the recent oil price increase was caused by deterioration in supply conditions. This, however, is not the only study on the factors leading to higher crude prices.3. The “Oil Price Dynamics” report published by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York finds that less than two-fifths of the rise in oil prices since the beginning of 2018 was on account of supply-side factors.4These contrasting studies lead to uncertainty regarding the sustainability of higher crude prices
Impacts on Indian economy: The unbearable effects –
Impact on national income
According to RBI sources, for every unit dollar increase in crude oil price, WPI inflation rises by 30 basis points. India, the world’s seventh-largest economy, was a key beneficiary of falling crude oil prices between 2013 and 2015. An analysis by this newspaper, more than a year ago, had indicated that almost the entire reduction of about 0.6% of the gross domestic product (GDP) in India’s fiscal deficit between FY14 and FY16 could be attributed to the sharp fall in crude prices. Lower crude prices also contributed to the narrower current account deficit. The biggest benefit of the fall in oil prices was evident in narrower twin deficits. Since the pass-through of the fall in crude prices to retail consumers was limited (the government retained a large part of the benefits by hiking excise duty on retail fuel products), the direct impact on inflation—measured by consumer price index (CPI)—was muted.
Things, however, started reversing about two years ago and have gathered pace in the past few months. As against an average price of $46.2/barrel for the Indian basket of crude oil in FY16, it rose to $56.4/barrel in FY18 and averaged $65/barrel in the fourth quarter of FY18. With the US’ decision to walk away from the Iran nuclear deal and to re-impose sanctions on Iran, upside risks to crude prices cannot be ruled out. It is then worth understanding the impact of higher crude prices on the Indian economy.
In short, one could safely conclude that higher crude prices will adversely affect the twin deficits—fiscal and current account deficit—of the economy, which will have spillover impact on the monetary policy, and consumption and investment behavior in the economy. However, before we talk about the impact in numbers, it is important to address one tricky question: “what is driving higher crude prices?”
The question is relevant because the factors leading to change in prices will decide the sustainability of the higher prices.
If the rise can be attributed to demand-side factors, it is not necessarily adverse for economic activity or financial markets. The higher crude oil imports bill could be offset by higher oil and non-oil exports (and of course, remittances). Similarly, better domestic economic activity could help meet fiscal deficit targets. However, if oil prices are pushed up by supply factors, it would be concerning.
According to the recent World Economic Outlook (WEO) by the International Monetary Fund (IMF), roughly 80% of the recent oil price increase was caused by deterioration in supply conditions (particularly faster-than-expected deterioration in Venezuelan output). This, however, is not the only study on the factors leading to higher crude prices. The “Oil Price Dynamics” report published by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York finds that less than two-fifths of the rise in oil prices since the beginning of 2018 was on account of supply-side factors. These contrasting studies lead to uncertainty regarding the sustainability of higher crude prices.
Not surprisingly then, the majority of the forecasts for oil price remain at $65-70/barrel. An increase of 15-25% in oil prices in one year will impact the Indian economy in various ways.
Impact on fiscal math
As a rule of the thumb, an increase of $10 per barrel in crude prices will lead to an increase of about Rs17,000 crore (or $2.5 billion at an exchange rate of 67/$) in fuel subsidies, equivalent to 0.09% of GDP. In the Union Budget 2018-19, the government had budgeted for petroleum subsidy of Rs25,000 crore, similar to that in FY18.
Our calculations, however, suggest that fuel subsidy could be as high as Rs54,000 crore if crude price averages $65/barrel in FY19. Additionally, a cut of Re1 in excise duty for both petrol and diesel will lead to an annual revenue loss of Rs12,000-13,000 crore (or 0.065% of GDP). It remains to be seen if the excise duty cut can be resisted by the government, considering that the general election is less than a year away now.
Impact on current account deficit
As a rule of thumb, an increase of $10 per barrel in crude oil prices will lead to an adverse impact of $10-11 billion (or 0.4% of GDP) on current account deficit. There are two opposite forces at work in the current account deficit. Higher oil prices will push the import bill higher; however, it will be partly offset by higher oil exports and better remittances. The latter will materialize since more than half of India’s remittances are reported to be channeled through the Gulf countries, which are likely to witness better economic conditions with higher oil prices. If we talk in numbers, an increase of $10 per barrel in crude prices will push the merchandise imports to bill up by about $20 billion, which will be partly offset by an increase of about $6 billion in oil exports and $3-4 billion in workers’ remittances.
Impact on inflation
With a weightage of only 2.4% in headline CPI, the adverse impact will entirely depend on the extent to which higher crude oil prices are passed on to the consumers. Considering the general election next year, it is difficult to envisage a significant hike in retail fuel prices, and thus, the direct impact on CPI inflation is likely to remain muted.
Overall, the windfall gains—in terms of lower subsidy and higher revenue for the government, and lower imports—from lower crude prices are behind us.
The soaring price of oil is having a major influence on India’s economy. India spends a lot of money financially supporting its citizens with fuel every year. Petrol in India is a lot cheaper than it should be. However, Oil firms in India are still buying oil at international market value. Therefore, Indian oil firms are hemorrhaging money at $100 million a day. There will be more difficulties faced if the price increases any further. It is understandable that the government is receiving complaints to raise the price of fuel by the oil companies but politically it is an unfavorable thing to do as members have to win election votes.
The political disturbances in the Middle East recently due to Iran and other countries have increased anxieties of the Finance Minister who has to smooth over conflicts for the home consumers. The question about oil production and availability has led to rising apprehensions. The minister spoke out about the situation saying they were in touch with the Petroleum Ministry and would take steps to settle the undesirable effect of high energy costs on the public. His reasoning was that when prices reached $147 a barrel that they managed the situation. Political turmoil in Egypt has resulted in crude oil prices going past 100 dollars a barrel which has led to the outcome of prince increases in all major oil importing countries like India. High global oil prices increase the government funding bill and broaden the trade decrease as India starts importing much more than it exports. India already imports three-quarters of its fuel needs. State-run firms like Indian Oil, Hindustan Petroleum and Bharat Petroleum will bear the brunt of severe revenue shortages. In 2010-11, the under-recovery of oil firms is estimated to exceed Rs. 700 billion leaving the government to pay the rest of it as a subsidy. Modi led government put in fuel reforms by deregulating petrol prices and raising prices of diesel, kerosene, and LPG to cut its subsidies and fiscal losses.
Since the past couple of years, India has maintained steady and rapid development and has infused vigor into global economic growth. The world will be a big factor in its coming improvement as India will not be able to progress without it. In approximately twenty years India will make historic inputs into the development of the global economy by the expansion of foreign trade and expansion and development in the west. It will improve its overseas investor relationships and have better business outlooks. Overseas investments will have to be guided and supported by competitive businesses and have to complete complex types of economic and technological collaboration with improved quality and benefits for both organizations. India will also have to diversity and increase its bilateral, multilateral and regional economic assistance so they can have mutual development and a global strategy in all countries and regions around the world.
India’s economy has enjoyed sustained progress in recent times. In comparison to the global economies, India’s has had a nice steady momentum with fewer fluctuations. India’s information industry has been the cause of rapid improvement with developments in language and human talent. The service industry has taken leaps and attracted many investors, therefore leading to the manufacturing industry getting less focus. India’s government has also had encouragement endeavors that have promoted growth.
There are still many hurdles to face before India’s economy can reach greater heights. Economists say that there will be great progress as well as many challenges in the future. The government especially has to start successful policies to cope with any downfalls. The most crucial problem faced by the government at the moment is current inflation due to an exponentially expanding economy. Only the passing of time can say how India’s economy will adapt to the increasingly bleak global economic climate.
Global oil prices are becoming increasingly market-oriented. Thus, dynamic fuel pricing will improve the competitiveness of the economy overall. It would also bring in transparency in fuel pricing and incentivize investments in the oil sector.
Listen to your broccoli and it will tell you how to eat it!!!
Broccoli, a high nutritive value veggie was cultivated in Europe for the first time. The versatile veggie ranks as the fifth popular vegetable in the world. It is an exotic vegetable that resembles cauliflower, a common vegetable in India. Broccoli in the raw state contains near about 90% water, 7% carbs, 3% protein, and almost no fat. The low-calorie veggie not only supports weight loss but also the calcium-rich cruciferous member helps in reducing the new fat cells production and stimulates the breakdown of deposited fat in the body. So let us learn a few broccoli recipes.
Sicilian Spicy Pasta
Ingredients: 1 cup boiled penne or spaghetti any form of pasta of your choice, 2 tsp chopped garlic, 1/2 tsp chopped red chilies, 1/4 cup broccoli, 1/2 tbsp grated parmesan cheese, pepper, oil and salt to taste.
Let us cook:
1. Take a pan and heat oil, add chopped garlic and sauté
2. Then add red chilies along with salt and pepper.
3. Then add broccoli and saute for two minutes.
4. Add boiled pasta and then parmesan cheese.
5. Saute and cook for 2-3 minutes.
6. Serve hot.
Cream of Broccoli Soup
Ingredients: 200 gm broccoli finely chopped, 2 Tbsp butter/oil, 2 Tbsp sifted flour, 1/4 tsp powdered black pepper, 3/4 cup milk, 4 cups stock or water, 1/2 tsp celery salt, salt to taste and Cream for garnishing
1. Take a heavy saucepan and heat the butter or oil.
2. Then add half the broccoli into the butter or oil.
3. Stir fry for 30 seconds on medium flame and then add the flour and panfry the mixture until it leaves the sides of the pan.
4. Then remove from heat and add the stock slowly while keep stirring to avoid lumps.
6. Once the mixture reaches to normal temperature blend it in a blender.
7. Now take a pan and add the rest of the broccoli, milk, celery salt, and black pepper.
8. Cook over a high flame, keep stirring for few minutes and bring it to boil, and then simmer over low flame for about 10 minutes.
9. Garnished with cream and serve hot.
Ingredients: 250 gm broccoli cut into small pieces, 2 Tbsp oil, 2 tsp mustard seeds, 4-5 curry leaves, 3-4 whole red pepper, 1/8 tsp asafoetida powder, 1 tsp cumin, 50 gm ginger-shredded fine, 2 tsp garlic finely chopped, 20 gm tamarind-soaked in 1 cup water and strained, salt to taste.
1. Take a pan and heat oil to add mustard, curry leaves, red pepper, asafoetida, and cumin.
2. Add the ginger and garlic as soon as the seeds splutter and saute till it becomes light brown.
3. Then add the broccoli and saute over high flame for few minutes then lower the flame, cover and cook until it becomes tender.
4. Add tamarind and salt; let it come to a boil
5. Remove from heat and serve hot.
Let’s have some flower fun on denim!!!
Embroidery on denim is a stylish yet funky fashion. Though it began a few years ago, it’s still in fashion and always offers a trendy look with super fun. Since many don’t have an embroidery machine, so it becomes tough to design some embroidery on jeans by yourself. For this, we have an excellent idea. Just grab a vintage silk embroidered fabric and carefully cut out the floral embroidered designs and then stitch them onto your jeans manually.
Here’s what you need:
1. A pair of jeans which should not be stretchable denim!
2. Any fabric with pretty embroidery of your choice on it or patches.
3. Scissors, needle and matching thread.
Here how to proceed:
Carefully cut out the embroidered patches and leave about a little fabric around the edges. Make sure not to cut into the embroidery or it will loosen.
Place the patches on the jeans and decide where exactly you want your embroidery to be fixed. Then, carefully pin the embroidery piece in place.
Now begin with stitching, run the needle/thread around the edges with a hemstitch and make sure to run it through the sides or the edges of the embroidery, so that the thread loops will keep it in place.
And there you have your trendy pair of denim…
Let’s add yummy elements to make Brown Rice taste better
Brown rice is considered as the healthier substitute to white rice as its outer layer known as the hull is removed while processing. Therefore, white rice or refined rice may score higher in terms of taste and flavor but is a lack of essential nutrients. Brown rice is rich in fiber content, consuming in small portions of it make you feel fuller, thus helping in weight loss.
Here’s presenting a brown rice recipe to motivate you to adopt healthy food habit.
Mutton khichda is a traditional Mohammedan recipe made from rice, mutton, lentils, and other spices.
Ingredients needed: 500 gms wheat (cracked and cooked tender), one cup rice, one cup channa dal, one cup split arhar/tur daal, one cup sabut masoor dal, one cup dhuli moong dal, One kg mutton, one cup oil, five cloves, five peppercorns, one tsp cumin, one tsp cinnamon (broken), one cup onions chopped, four tsp chili powder, two tbsp coriander powder, one tsp garam masala, two Tbsp ginger-green chili-coriander leaves paste and salt to taste.
For garnishing: fried onions (brown and crisp), ginger julienne, mint leaves, and green chilies
1. Mix all the dals and rice then add 3 cups of water and salt. Cook all till it becomes tender.
2. Heat oil, add cinnamon, peppercorns, cloves, cumin, and saute till they change color a bit.
3. Then add chopped onions, mutton along with chili powder, coriander powder, garam masala, salt, and the green paste.
4. Keep stir-frying till meat turns opaque, then transfer it in a pressure cooker and cook until the meat is tender.
5. Then mix the meat along with cooked wheat and dal mixture and then simmer for 2 to 3 minutes.
6. Garnish with fried onions (brown and crisp), ginger julienne, mint leaves, and green chilies and serve.
Mushroom Brown Rice
Mushrooms are major flavor agent in this recipe also offers a protein-rich meal seasoned with mild salt and pepper.
Ingredients needed: one cup brown basmati rice (washed), 9 to 10 mushrooms (washed and sliced), one onion (chopped). Half cup butter (the amount is optional and butter can be replaced with 2 tbsp olive oil), one green capsicum, one tsp black pepper, salt to taste and two cups of water.
1. Wash the brown rice and keep it aside.
2. Slice the mushrooms, onions, and capsicum.
3. Take a pan and add butter/olive oil then add onions and saute until it becomes light pink.
4. Then add mushrooms and Saute until it becomes wilt and tender.
5. Now add the capsicum and Saute.
6. Add the pre-washed brown rice and saute for 5 to 7 minutes.
7. Then add salt and pepper along with 2 cups of water.
8. Cook for 15 minutes or till the rice gets cooked.
Chicken and Brown Rice
This is a hearty one-pot meal, perfect for weekend dinners.
Ingredients needed: two tablespoons olive oil, one whole cut-up chicken (2 to 3 pounds), skins removed, breasts halved crosswise (save wings for another use), coarse salt and ground pepper, one medium onion finely chopped, four cloves of garlic crushed, one cup long-grain brown rice, four plum tomatoes, diced, one jar (12 ounces) roasted red peppers drained and sliced into 1/2-inch strips, 10 ounces one frozen or fresh green peas, Lemon wedges for serving (optional)
1. Heat oil in a large skillet on medium flame and add chicken along with 1 teaspoon salt and 1/4 teaspoon pepper and cook for 10 minutes until it becomes golden on all sides. Then transfer to a plate.
2. Again add onion, garlic, 1 teaspoon salt, and 1/4 teaspoon pepper to skillet and stir frequently, until onion becomes translucent and soft for 3 to 5 minutes.
3. Then add rice, peppers, and tomatoes along with 1 and 1/4 cups of water; then place the chicken pieces in rice mixture. Bring to a boil and reduce the flame. Then cover it and simmer over medium-low flame until rice is cooked and tender, approximately for 55 to 60 minutes. If any liquid remains in skillet, then remove the lid and simmer till the liquid is evaporated.
4. Sprinkle peas into the skillet; cover with the lid and remove from flame.
5. Keep aside till the peas are heated through nearly about 10 minutes.
6. Serve with lemon wedges (optional).
Happy Meal !!!😊😊
10 Best of Padma Shri Pankaj Udhas…
Padma Shri Pankaj Udhas is one of best ghazal singers hailed from Gujrat, India. Blessed with a legendary voice, Pankaj Udhas has won millions of hearts in India and abroad as well. He began his journey to success with the release of ghazal album, Aahat in 1980. Subsequently, he recorded multiple hits such as Mukarar (1981), Tarrannum (1982) and Mehfil (1983). His other contributions include Pankaj Udhas Live at Royal Albert Hall (1984), Nayaab (1985) and Aafreen (1986). Latter to his success as a ghazal star, he was invited to by Mahesh Bhatt to appear and sing for the film Naam. Udhas reached to the peak of success after his super hit song “Chitthi Aayee Hai” in the film Naam in 1986.
One of the most loved ghazal singers, Pankaj Udhas has given us many of the best songs that still hold a special corner in our hearts. Here are 10 of his most soulful executions:
Remember a young John Abraham in the Music Album…
One of his 90s gem that reached millions of hearts …
If you listen to his voice, you can feel the pure and eternal love…
A perfect amalgamation of deep words and a legendary voice…
Listening his ghazal are like Asking you to be yourself in his own beautiful way…
Another soulful song that was quite a surprise for MTV India to play non-stop…
Remember the beautiful video of young Sameera Reddy, based on O’Henry’s The Gift of the Magi?
Listening to this ghazal feels like someone is singing only for you.
Let’s not talk of love or chain and think we can’t untie…
This one is probably the best song ever sung by Pankaj Udhas…
Hope this collection soothes your heart and soul!!
10 poems of Tagore that capture the beauty of true love
Rabindranath Tagore is regarded as the greatest poet and writer in modern Indian literature. The Bengali poet was not only one of the greatest novelists and educators in India but also a Nobel Laureate for Literature (1913). In 1915, Tagore was awarded as the knighthood; however, he surrendered the award in 1919 in protest against the Jallianwala Bagh massacre, where British troops killed around 400 Indian activists.
Tagore experimented with many poetic forms in his writing but many of his works have lost in translations into other languages. Tagore was the first Indian to introduce psychological realism to his novels.
Here are some of the best Rabindranath Tagore Love Poems:
“If you cry because the sun has gone out of your life, your tears will prevent you from seeing the stars.”
― Rabindranath Tagore
PLASTIC BOTTLES: Let’s recycle, repurpose and reuse…
Nearly 80% of the plastic bottles used and thrown every day become non-bio degradable litter that takes a huge toll on environmental health. Of course, it is more convenient to sip the drink straight from plastic bottles however the plastic litter accumulated from the same acts as toxic pollutants which cause water, land, and air pollution.
So, reusing and repurposing of plastic bottles is an excellent way to contribute to saving the environment from getting polluted. It is a surprising fun to repurpose, redesign and reuse the plastic bottles. Let’s check that below.
#1 Zipper Case for stationery items
Transform the old plastic bottles into sturdy and useful zipper cases that will help to organize the office stationeries or art and craft supplies. This is also a fun-filled craft idea for kids.
#2 Piggy Bottle Bank
A cute piggy bank not only encourages kids to save also it inspires them to learn about recycling. All it needs is a cut on the bottle appropriately and lots of fun in creating super cute designs on the bottle to make it an adorable piggy bank.
#3 Vertical Hanging Garden
This is a rare but excellent idea for growing small leafy vegetables and herbs. A plastic bottle vertical garden is designed by looping the bottles horizontally along an interior wall or balcony. Here are some interesting ideas for a plastic bottle vertical garden.
#4 Amazing Jewelry Stand
A beautiful jewelry stand from plastic bottles looks great and can hold and hang tons of small jewelry items. And it doesn’t even take long to make as you have to just cut the bottoms of plastic bottles, then fix a metallic rod through them and see your craft transforms into a beautiful jewelry organizer.
#5 Tiny Snack Bowls
Transform the discarded plastic bottles into an unbreakable snack or dry fruit bowls for a small kitty party or family get together. Cut the bottom of the plastic bottle then use a hot iron to flatten and smooth out its edges and here is a pretty bowl all set for you. You can make it fancier by putting additional decoration to the tiny bowls.
Happy DIY 😊😇😊
Secret cooking tips for Indian kitchen….
#1 — Never forget to add a pinch of salt while boiling potatoes. It helps in peeling or removing the skin easily.
#2 — Dip paneer in warm salt water for 10 – 15 minutes prior to adding it into the gravy. This softens the paneer and helps in absorbing the gravy.
#3 — Always cook the ingredients in an order to make the dish appetizing and tasty. For example, onions should go first in the oil, then garlic and then ginger and tomato as each veggie has its own cooking time.
#4 — In order to retain the bright green color of peas add a pinch of sugar before boiling or cooking.
#5 — Add a teaspoon of oil while cooking dal to avoid frothing and spilling all over.
#6 — Use heavy bottom pan or vessel for cooking upma or kheer. Heavy based pan prevents food from burning.
#7 — To make the puris crunchy and crispier add 2 to 3 tablespoon rava or semolina to the wheat flour while kneading.
#8 — To separate the strings of noodles or pasta from each other keep it under running cold water for 2 to 3 minutes, immediately after boiling. Hot and cold water treatment prevents the noodle strand from sticking to each other.
#9 — To make ‘a day old’ muffin fresh, sprinkle few drops of water on it and put the muffins in a paper bag and microwave for 10 seconds. Steam revives the moisture content of day-old muffins.
#10 — It is advised to add 1 to 2 teaspoon of canola oil while melting chocolate in order to keep it smooth. This makes it easy to dip or drizzle
Ghal-e-Ishq: EverIshqeen Top 10 Couplets of Mirza Ghalib
Mirza Ghalib was one of the eminent poets in India during the last years of the Mughal Era. He is best known for his Urdu ghazals and many Persian poems. He was the last poet of the Mughal Empire towards its decline phase. Mirza was born as Mirza Asadullah Baig Khan on 27th December 1797 in Kala Mahal, Agra. His two pen-names were Ghalib, which means “dominant” and Asad which means “lion”. Few of his honorific work include Dabir-ul-Mulk and Najm-ud-Daula.
His lyrics on love, life and loss continue to enlighten and calm our heart and soul. Let’s see a few of his timeless shayaris which makes us feel the human emotions. Here we go…
Tyres never get tired: Brilliant Ideas For Recycling Tyres!!!!
Are you aware that every year one tire is discarded per person? In Europe, only half of the discarded care tires are recycled and rest is burned or simply thrown. Keeping this in mind I have come up with great ideas to transform the unwanted tires into useful items. Let’s learn.
An old tire, wooden board, a jigsaw, acrylic paint, sandpaper and brush, pencil, measuring tape and rope.
Let’s do it:
Step 1: Measure the diameter of the tire.
Step 2: Draw a circle on the wooden board.
Cut the wooden board by using a jigsaw and polish the edges by using sandpaper. Then paint it on both sides. Use the same to cover the bottom of the tire.
Step 4: Paint the tire.
Apply a primer on the tire to seal the surface well to prevent it from cracking. Then paint the outside with the paint of your preferable color. Finally, place the cushion over the wood board.
You can also make a coffee table using the same method.
Not limited to sitting arrangements, tires can also be used as beautiful planters as below.
Another brilliant idea of using the old tires is making a cute cozy bed for your pets.
Happy DIY 🙂
Let’s make red cabbage more interesting!!!!
Red cabbage is a great source of vitamin C and K and its deep color are because of its high concentration of anthocyanin polyphenols, rich dietary antioxidants which possess anti-inflammatory properties that makes it even more nutritious as compared to green cabbage. It also contains anthocyanin which according to some studies helps to reduce the risk of cardiac disease, diabetes, and cancer to some extent. Its anti-oxidants also makes skin supple, clean and clear. Let us learn a few red cabbage recipes.
Potato Red Cabbage Tikki –
4 halved, boiled and peeled potatoes, 1 cup shredded red cabbage, 1/2 teaspoon coriander seeds, 1/2 teaspoon cumin seeds, 1 onion finely chopped, 1 green chili chopped, 1/4 teaspoon garam masala powder, 1 teaspoon red chili powder, 1 teaspoon dried mango or aamchur powder, salt to taste and oil for shallow frying.
1. Mix and mash well all the ingredients in a large bowl except oil.
2. Make equal sized balls (8-10) out the mixture prepared.
3. Slightly flatten them into round patty shapes.
4. Refrigerate the mixture patties 1 hour.
5. Roll these patties in breadcrumbs if you want
5. Heat a flat pan on medium flame and add oil to it.
6. Shallow fry the patties until they become golden brown.
7. Serve hot with your favorite ketchup or chutney.
Red Cabbage Zucchini Chana Dal –
1 cup red cabbage chopped, ½ cup zucchini roughly chopped into ½ inch pieces, ½ cup Bengal gram/chana dal, oil – 3 tbsp, ¾ cup finely chopped onion, 2 tbsp garlic finely chopped, 2-3 dried red chili, ½ tsp red chili powder , ¼ tsp garam masala powder, 1 cup tomatoes chopped, 1 tsp mustard seeds, 1 tsp cumin seeds, ¼ tsp turmeric powder, 2 tsp coriander powder, ¼ tsp pav bhaji masala, 1 tsp dried mango powder (aamchoor), pinch of asafetida, salt to taste and coriander leaves for garnishing.
1. Wash and soak chana dal in water for 45 minutes. Then drain the water and put it into a pressure cooker along with turmeric powder, a ½ cup of water and salt to taste. Pressure cook on a medium flame for 3 whistles.
2. Take a pan and heat oil over a high flame. Add asafetida, cumin seeds, mustard seeds, red chilies and let the seeds splutter.
3. Add chopped onions and garlic and saute until it becomes translucent.
4. Then add chopped red cabbage. Saute and mix well for 2 minutes. Then add zucchini to it and saute for another 2 minutes.
5. Now, add tomatoes, red chili powder, pav bhaji masala, coriander powder, dried mango powder and finally garam masala and mix well.
6. Then add cooked chana dal and saute for a few minutes until the gravy becomes thick.
7. Finally, garnish with fresh coriander leaves and serve hot with bread, roti, and rice.
Red Cabbage Stuffed Paratha –
For making the dough:
Two cups of wheat flour, a pinch of salt and water
For making the stuffing:
1 cup of red cabbage shredded, 1 finely chopped onion, coriander leaves, ½ tsp garam masala powder, ½ tsp red chili powder, ¼ tsp turmeric powder, 1 tbsp crushed ginger-garlic, 1/2 tsp cumin seeds , 1 chopped green chili, pinch of asafetida , salt to taste, 2 tbsp olive oil, 2 tbsp gram flour and oil for roasting paratha.
1. In a large bowl, mix flour, salt, water to make the dough. Knead it carefully to make a semi-soft dough. Then cover the dough with a moist cloth and keep aside.
2. In a pan heat oil and add cumin seeds and asafetida. Then add chopped onions into it once seeds splutter. Saute for 3-4 minutes and then add green chilies and crushed ginger-garlic to it.
3. Saute well for 2 minutes and add red cabbage, turmeric powder, red chili powder, and salt to taste.
4. Saute well for 3-4 minutes and add gram flour, garam masala powder and dried mango powder to it.
5. Mix well and cook for 6-7 minutes more and remove the stuffing from the pan and set aside to cool.
6. Divide the dough into 6-8 equal portion and make round balls.
7. Take a ball and roll out the dough into a round roti of 4-inch diameter. Apply a little oil, and place 1 tbsp of prepared red cabbage stuffing at the center of the circular dough.
8. Bring together all the sides in the center and seal tightly and roll out again into a circle of 6-inch diameter with the help of some flour to make the paratha.
9. Take a flat pan and roast rolled circles from both sides and apply a little oil on both sides, and roast until golden brown.
10. Repeat making paratha in a similar way with the remaining dough and filling to make more parathas.
11. Serve hot with your favorite pickle and raita.
Enjoy your red cabbage!
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