Connect with us

EDITOR'S PICK

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE: beginning of a new era of technology

Published

on

Read Time: 7 minutes

People have been synthesizing automatons for a long time, but artificial intelligence was first discussed in the 1950s, after Herbert Simon argued that computers could think, based on the ideas of Alan Turing. Subsequently, artificial intelligence became established. The technologies that assist in the handling of knowledge are broadly referred to as artificial intelligence (AI). A broad overview of artificial intelligence and a more detailed view of its two branches – expert systems and neural networks – are given in this chapter.

Artificial intelligence (AI) is concerned with using computers to perform tasks that would be called ‘intelligent’ if people did them. The objectives are two-fold: to improve understanding of human cognition and to improve the potential of the computer as a tool for problem-solving.

According to Holsapple and Whinston (1987), ‘artificial intelligence is the activity of providing such machines as computers with the ability to display behavior that would be regarded as intelligent if it were observed in humans.’

Another definition of artificial intelligence is: ‘A field of study that designs and develops machines capable of performing tasks that would require intelligence if performed by a human being (Rich, 1987).

HISTORY OF AI

The term AI was coined by Jhon McCarthy as the theme of a conference held at Dartmouth College. In the same year, the first AI computer program, called Logic Theorist, was announced. This program encouraged researchers to develop another program, called the General Problem Solver (GPS), that was intended for use in solving problems of all kinds.

For the past 15-20 years, there has been an increasing interest in using the computer for artificial intelligence. The idea is to develop a machine that can reason, learn, understand, recall and explain its behavior, and actions can be viewed as an intelligent machine. However, even today, three to four decades after AI was conceived, the creation of truly intelligent machines is still not quite a reality.

AREAS OF AI

The areas that influence AI and the branches of AI are expert systems, robotics, natural language, learning, computer vision, perceptive systems, AI hardware, and neural networks. These areas are illustrated in the below figure which indicates a certain amount of overlap among the areas. The overlap illustrates the way that one area can benefit others. A brief explanation of various branches of AI is given.

  • Expert systems are computer programs that attempt to represent the knowledge of human experts, in the form of heuristics, in a specialized area. An expert system stores the knowledge of an expert in a specific area of studies, such as production engineering and genetic engineering. The system applies various reasoning methods to the information stored in it, in order to solve complex problems that require both knowledge and intuition. Sometimes, the problem-solving capabilities of such systems are as good as, or even better than, those of human experts.
  • Perceptive systems use visual images and auditory signals to instruct computers or rather devices, such as robots.
  • Computer vision is to endow computers with the ability to recognize and identify objects and the context to which they belong. Vision capabilities enhance the ability of computers to emulate human intelligence.
  • Natural language processing enables users to communicate with the computer in foreign languages.
  • Learning encompasses all of the activity that enables the computer to or another device to acquire knowledge in addition to what has been entered into the memory by its manufacturer or by programmers.
  • AI hardware includes the physical device that aid in AI application.
  • Robotics consists of computer-controlled devices that mimic the motor activities of humans.
  • Neural networks are highly simplified models of the human nervous system that exhibit abilities such as learning, generalization, and abstraction. These abilities enable the models to learn human-like behavior.

Usage of AI

AI is important because it can help solve immensely difficult issues in various industries, such as entertainment, education, health, commerce, transport, and utilities. AI applications can be grouped into five categories:

  • Reasoning: The ability to solve problems through logical deduction. e.g. financial asset management, legal assessment, financial application processing, autonomous weapons systems, games
  • Knowledge: The ability to present knowledge about the world. e.g. financial market trading, purchase prediction, fraud prevention, drug creation, medical diagnosis, the media recommendation
  • Planning: The ability to set and achieve goals. e.g. inventory management, demand forecasting, predictive maintenance, physical and digital network optimization, navigation, scheduling, logistics
  • Communication: The ability to understand spoken and written the language. e.g. real-time translation of spoken and written languages, real-time transcription, intelligent assistants, voice control
  • Perception: The ability to infer things about the world via sounds, images, and other sensory inputs. e.g. medical diagnosis, autonomous vehicles, surveillance.

Artificial Intelligence (AI) has often been popularly envisaged in super-smart humanoid robot form. In fact, it’s more commonly implemented as behind-the-scenes algorithms that can process ‘big’ data to accomplish a range of relatively mundane tasks far more efficiently than humans can.

Prospects of AI

In the next 10 years, technologies in narrow fields such as speech recognition will continue to improve and will reach human levels. In 10 years AI will be able to communicate with humans in unstructured English using text or voice, navigate (not perfectly) in an unprepared environment and will have some rudimentary common sense (and domain-specific intelligence).

It will recreate some parts of the human (animal) brain in silicon. The feasibility of this is demonstrated by tentative hippocampus experiments in rats. There are two major projects aiming for human brain simulation, CCortex, and IBM Blue Brain.

There will be an increasing number of practical applications based on digitally recreated aspects of human intelligence, such as cognition, perception, rehearsal learning, or learning by repetitive practice. Robots take over everyone’s jobs.

The development of meaningful artificial intelligence will require that machines acquire some variant of human consciousness. Systems that do not possess self-awareness and sentience will at best always be very brittle. Without these uniquely human characteristics, truely useful and powerful assistants will remain a goal to achieve.

Challenges of AI

The foremost factor is blockchain technology (also known as Distributed Ledger Technology) and its potential seismic impact on financial transactions across the globe. Blockchain technology has started sweeping the different areas of transactional finance, such as clearing, settlement, payments. Secondly, although it is still in its infancy, we know that there are many algorithmic trading systems used around the world in different streams of asset management.

Challenges and cope up in Indian context

Indians must upskill in the IT sector to survive and this is increasingly acknowledged. But there are constraints that go beyond an over-emphasis on low-end technical services. While the country is not an entrepreneurial epicenter for artificial intelligence, many of the executives who are a part of the ecosystem of over 170 AI startups point out that they face enormous staffing challenges.

There simply is not enough AI talent in the country as only 4% of AI professionals in India have worked on emerging technologies such as deep learning and neural networks and many companies require candidates to have a Ph.D. in the field, which is even scarcer in India.

According to AI startup founders Subrat Parida and Navneet Gupta, they spend 40% of their time just looking for talented engineers and it is immensely difficult to find people with the right training and experience in AI.

India must address its shortage of engineers with training in machine learning, analytics, and robotics. However, the problems go beyond training. There is a particular mindset that is required as AI is a discovery-oriented and novel field that requires professionals with an appetite for research and experimentation.

Thus, the challenges experienced by Indian startups in AI are related to a deeper problem. But the threat posed by automation and artificial intelligence means that the greatest risk of all is not acting, not investing and not innovating in the technologies of the future.

Although we don’t know the exact future, it is quite evident that interacting with AI will soon become an everyday activity. These interactions will clearly help our society evolve, particularly in regards to automated transportation, cyborgs, handling dangerous duties, solving climate change, friendships and improving the care of our elders. Beyond these six impacts, there are even more ways that AI technology can influence our future and this very fact has professionals across multiple industries extremely excited for the ever-burgeoning future of artificial intelligence.

4 Comments

Sarada Prasanna Pattnaik is based out of Balasore, Odisha. He was earlier a banker and later a faculty at quite a few reputed colleges and institutions. He now teaches civil service aspirants in leading coaching institutes. He is the chief architect of Vidya Group of Educational Institutions. He is an author and a writer in the civil service coaching arena. Writing is his passion and he loves to pen down his thoughts on varied topics ranging from Literature, Politics, Science & Technology, Finance, Sports and Travel.



Advertisement

EDITOR'S PICK

Constipation: A curable condition!

Published

on


Read Time: 4 minutes

Many people suffer from constipation; however, some do not want to take any medication for it. For them, here are some of the home remedies, which will not only help to treat it but also regularise your motion.

Triphala churna

An ayurvedic combination of three fruits, namely, amla or Indian gooseberry, haritaki or Chebulic Myrobalan and vibhitaki or Bellirica Myrobalan. It is a helpful laxative to regulate digestion and bowel movements.

Usage:

One teaspoon of Triphala churna can be taken with warm water or it can be mixed with honey. It should be consumed either before going to bed or in the early morning on an empty stomach.

Raisins

Raisins are loaded with fibre and act as great natural laxatives. This remedy best works for pregnant women, without the side-effects of medication.

Usage:

Soak a handful of raisins in water overnight. Consume them in the morning on an empty stomach.

Guavas

Guavas contain soluble fibre in its pulp and insoluble fibre content in its seeds. It also helps in mucus production that helps in peristalsis movement of the intestine.

Lemon saltwater

Lemon juice acts as a cleansing agent for the intestines and the salt helps in the easy and quick passage of stool. This combination is a great detox drink for the body.

Usage:

Add and mix one teaspoon of lemon juice in a glass of warm water.

Then add a pinch of salt to the lemon water solution.

Drink this solution on an empty stomach to relieve constipation.

Figs

Either ripe or dried, figs are a great source of fibre and act as an excellent natural laxative.

Usage:

Boil a few figs along with a glass of milk, drink this fig and milk mixture at night before bed.

Ensure the mixture is warm when you consume it.

Flaxseeds

Flaxseeds are another great source of fibre content and help you to a great extent when it comes to constipation related problems

Usage:

Mix flaxseeds in your cereal every morning. Or you can have a handful with warm water early in the morning.

Castor oil

It has been used for centuries as an excellent remedy for constipation as it has properties that can kill intestinal worms.

Usage:

If you can’t drink a spoon of castor oil alone then, you can add a tablespoon of it in a warm glass of milk. Drink this mixture at night before bed to relieve constipation. It also makes your skin texture castor smooth and flawless.

Spinach

Spinach has properties that cleanse, repair and renew the intestinal tract. This remedy is the most effective way to cure even the most chronic cases of constipation.

Usage:

You can consume 100 ml of spinach juice mixed with an equal amount of water twice daily.

Oranges

Oranges are a rich source of vitamin C. It is also loaded with a large amount of fibre.

Usage:

Eating two oranges every day, once in the morning and another in the evening can provide great relief from constipation. It is advised to consume them without peeling off the white threads for additional effect.

Seed mixtures

A handful of mixed seeds is a great source of fibre and helps to overcome constipation. The mixture of various seeds not only offers the necessary fibre content to relieve constipation but also helps in rejuvenating the intestinal walls.

Usage:

2-3 sunflower seeds, a few flaxseeds, til or sesame seeds and almonds ground together to a fine powder. Have one tablespoon of this mixture every day. You can add it to your cereal or salad in the morning.

Diet tips to avoid constipation:

  1. Avoid foods containing white flour-like maida, white sugar and other processed foods.
  2. Eat light meals regularly and make sure you eat at least 3-4 hours before going to bed.
  3. Include more vegetables and fruits into your daily diet.
  4. Adding condiments like haldi, jeera and ajwain in your food while cooking it is a great way to help digestion system.
  5. Drink at least eight to ten glasses of water every day. Do not forget to have a glass of warm water every morning and before going to bed.

Constipation is a curable and a manageable condition, all you need to do is bring a little change to your lifestyle. These home remedies and minor restrictions will keep you well and bring a happy morning to you.

Warm water is 100% effective in resolving some health problems

Continue Reading

EDITOR'S PICK

Magical Landscapes of Ladakh – A Must-Visit Destination

Published

on


Read Time: 3 minutes

After the removal of Article 370 by the Central Government, Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh have become the center of discussion. In the midst of political discussions, the beauty of Kashmir and Ladakh is also being talked about among the public. These holiday destinations offer you a sense of heavenly like vacation that will not let you return to your noisy city.

Here are some of the beautiful places you can’t miss on a trip to Ladakh.

Zanskar Valley

Zanskar Valley

This Valley is considered one of the most beautiful places in Ladakh. This place falls in the Himalayan range and is covered with snow. This destination offers you an altogether different comfort zone. The best time to visit here is from June to September.

Pangong Tso Lake

Pangong Tso Lake

Remember! The movie ‘3 Idiots’, where Kareena expressed her love for Aamir Khan at the end of the film. Yes, this is the place. This place’s unique feature of changing colors from azure to light blue to green and even grey makes this place a mesmerizing tourist destination.

Kargil

Kargil

A vacation in Ladakh is incomplete if Kargil is missed out. It is the second largest town in Ladakh. It is also considered as an exceptional destination for adventure activities such as camping, trekking, mountaineering and river rafting amongst others. The best time to visit here is between May to July.

Magnetic Hill

Magnetic Hill

Magnetic Hill is also known as a gravity hill and is located near Leh in Ladakh. The hill is purported to have strong magnetic properties, which can pull vehicles uphill. Even the aircraft’s passing over the hill are compelled to increase their altitude in order to escape the magnetic interference. Actually, this effect is considered to be an optical illusion created by the gravity hill.

Royal Leh Palace

Royal Leh Palace

Leh Palace is also known as the ‘Lhachen Palkhar’ is a former royal palace located in Leh. Built-in the 17th century, the palace is marked as one of the tallest constructions of that era. The rooftop of the palace provides spectacular views of the mountains of Stok Kangri and the Ladakh mountain range. Apart from this, a Buddha statue mounted inside the monastery of the palace is another breathtaking tourist attraction. The best time to visit is in August.

Moonland

Moonland

It is considered as a peculiar landscape located near Lamayuru on Leh-Kargil Road. Surprisingly, the landscapes here are believed to be like the moon. It has often said, that on a full moon night, the place is an extraordinary sight to behold.

Diskit Monastery

Diskit Monastery

Diskit Monastery also referred to as Deskit Gompa or Diskit Gompa, is the oldest and largest Buddhist monastery located in the Nubra Valley of Ladakh. It was founded in the 14th century by Changzem Tserab Zangpo, a disciple of Tsong Khapa. Therefore, the monastery belongs to the Gelugpa sect of Tibetan Buddhism.

Check out this spectacular single-decker and double-decker bridges made from the living roots of Ficus elastica located in Meghalaya.

The Living Root Bridges of Meghalaya

 

Continue Reading

EDITOR'S PICK

Breast Cancer: Do not ignore the early signs!

Published

on

By


Read Time: 2 minutes

Breast cancer is considered one of the common cancers nowadays. Not only women but men also fall victim to this disease. However, the chances of men are very less. Generally, if there is a lump in the breast, then we consider it to be the first symptom of breast cancer. But there are many other signs that we mostly ignore. As a consequence of which we identify the tumor quite late.

Most of the researches have revealed that there are many such factors in hormones and our lifestyle due to which the chances of breast cancer are highest. But if it is identified in its initial stage then its treatment will be easy. According to a survey, in the year 2018, there are about 1,62,468 new cases in India and about 87,090 deaths due to breast cancer.

Let’s know what the other symptoms of breast cancer are.

  1. Swelling and redness in skin
  2. Change in both breast sizes
  3. Pain in breast area or nipple
  4. Nipple discharge (not breast milk)
  5. Lump in the armpit
  6. Bleeding from Nipple
  7. Orange spots on breast skin
  8. Throat or armpit lymph nodes
  9. Itching in the breast for several days

If you find any of these symptoms then visit a doctor as soon as possible.

Check how a glass of warm water is better than cold water!

Warm water is 100% effective in resolving some health problems

 

Continue Reading

DIY

DIY No Sew Five-Minute Shrug or Drape!!

Published

on


Read Time: 1 minute

Yes, you read it right. It literally takes five minutes or less to make this vest. Let’s check out how we can make this.

Things Needed

  1. A larger Scarf (Minimum dimensions should be approx. 35 inches x 35inches
  2. Scissors
  3. Dinner plate
  4. Chalk or a Washable Pin

Let’s begin.

Step 1: Fold your scarf into half.

Step 2: Now, find the middle line.

Step 3: Then place the dinner plate in the middle and trace it using the chalk.

Step 4: Next, cut out the circle.

 

Now, it’s ready to put on. You can pair it up with any T-shirt or top. Check the below images for better vision.

 

Isn’t it spectacular? Pair it with a beautifully braided neckpiece.

 

The Braided Bead Necklace

Happy DIY!!

Continue Reading

EDITOR'S PICK

Basic rules of In-Laws Management!

Published

on


Read Time: 6 minutes

In India, a person doesn’t just marry another person; he or she marries her or his family. However, most of the dating couples never care to spend some time on thinking about their partner’s family even though the elders emphasize explicitly, “IN-LAWS DO MATTER”

The concern is not at all an irrational one. Even most of the surveys show that in-law relations are a key determinant of marital happiness.

Here are some of the basic rules to maintain a healthy and happy married life with your spouse.

Rule # 1: Loyalty is to your spouse

Once a person is married and starts his/her own family, the person’s priority changes and so the loyalty as well. The elders are unequivocal; so it is the duty of a person to support his or her spouse and to manage their own family. The basic rule of marriage is that the partners must present a cohesive front to both families, making it clear from the beginning that your spouse comes first. Even in the heat of a moment, an individual needs to stand by his/her spouse and not by respective families. All most all survey says, “In a conflict between spouse and family, always support your spouse.”

Rule # 2: Fix issues in marriage within the marriage.

One of the major mistakes that couples often do is sharing their relationship issues with their respective families. Of course, when people go through a rough patch, they tend to share their feelings with their close people. However, looking for a solution outside of the marriage is not a good idea. Therefore, the best way to find the right solution is by talking to your partner and not by turning away from your partner.

Always keep this in mind that venting to parents every time you’re angry or hurt will build a case against your partner. The conflict between a couple may get resolved after some time, but your close family never forgets the pain your spouse caused to you which may hold bitterness for your partner.

Rule # 3: Apposite boundaries are necessary.

There is a great saying that ‘Good fences make good neighbors.’ From a metaphoric point of view, consider your in-laws as your neighbors, and you need to create fences. Set boundaries and control their interferences in your married life. You are the only person to decide when they can come in and out of your life appropriately. You need to remember that you have got a finite amount of physical as well as emotional energy and when your in-laws are draining you then you need to change the limitations. However, reassure them that you are not closing them out.

Rule # 4: Talking about it, is essential

Privacy is one of the major demands of a marital relationship. If your in-laws are ramming into your married life and invading your privacy, perchance the reason behind this is you and your partner haven’t set limits or enunciated them. Talking to your parents is not as fragile as you think, so this is your job to set boundaries and talk to them about this.

Rule # 5: Deal with “the other woman” dynamic.

The first ‘other woman’ in any married man’s life is considered as his mother. In most of the couples it is quite common that partners often say, “Well, my mom does it this way…”; and of course, it is healthy, when you share your feelings or emotions related to ‘mother-son’  bond. However, husbands must not forget that the person with whom you are living in, is your partner for a lifetime. Your partner can not be the reflection of your mother because she is your spouse. Respect that and appreciate and accept her way of doing things as well. On the other hand, the wives must need to tell and make their partners realize that time has come where you come first not anything or anyone else.

Rule # 6: Know your role and do your best

If your partner has a problem with his or her mother-in-law, it’s your turn to step in. The person with the prime relationship that is the son or daughter required to act as the peacemaker. If a husband has some issues with his mother-in-law, then the wife’s job is to help him to resolve the problem. Similarly, if a wife is having problems with her in-laws, it’s the husband who supports her resolve it.

Rule # 7: Try not to criticize your spouse.

When you are with your parents, don’t forget that your partner is new to your family and he or she might take time to understand the emotion or bonding that you share with your parents. There may be parent/child dynamics that your spouse can’t see. So, this is the crucial time for him or her, where he or she may feel left out in the family. So, apart from staying with him or her, the first thing you need to do is try not to be overly critical and never criticize or make fun of your spouse in front of your family. Criticizing leads to more complications to understand your partner’s feelings and emotions.

Rule # 8: Don’t be a fighter always.

Most people tend to prove their point at the wrong time. It does not always need to be right during an argument, even when your in-laws are wrong from your perspective. The best way to face a fight or an argument is to stay calm. Research says the way you react to a situation adds fuel to the fight or the argument, which consequently overshadow your position. You need to keep this in mind that in a married life ‘being happy matters a lot than being right’.  

Rule # 9: Don’t involve kids.

Kids must not be used as pawns or weapons of war. Protect your children from being manipulated or emotionally spoiled by being in the mid of a war zone. Grandparents need to understand or else it is your responsibility to make them realize that even though their role is important in a child’s life, their involvement is a privilege, not a right. Also, they need to earn that privilege by keeping the kid’s interests above their own. Parents should make all efforts to maintain a healthy and loving relationship between a grandparent and grandchild.

In conclusion, In-laws management is not like staying away from parents.  Of course, you can love your parents and share a rich, active and healthy relationship with them but this should be and must be without involving them in your marriage.

Continue Reading

EDITOR'S PICK

Benefits of chanting Mahamrityunjaya Mantra regularly!

Published

on


Read Time: 2 minutes

Mahamrityunjaya Mantra is the impressive mantra of Lord Shiva. Its effects and powers are described in many Puranas. According to Shivpuran, recitation of this mantra eliminates all obstacles and troubles of a person. Reciting this mantra daily with the rosary of Rudraksha removes the fear of premature death (untimely death).

These defects are destroyed by Mahamrityunjaya.

The recitation of Mahamrityunjaya Mantra eliminates Manglik Dosha, Nadi Dosha, Kalasarp Dosh, Bhoot-Phantha Dosha, Disease, Nightmare, Fetus, Santanbadha, and many defects.

The recitation of Mahamrityujay Mantra provides auspicious results as follows

Longevity (long life) –

Any person who wishes to attain a long life should regularly chant the Mahamrityujaya Mantra. Due to the effect of this mantra, the fear of premature death of man ends. This mantra is very dear to Lord Shiva, the person chanting it gets a long life.

Receipt of Property –

Anyone who wishes to get wealth should recite the Mahamrityunjaya Mantra. Lord Shiva is always happy with the recitation of this mantra and the man never lacks money.

Health Recovery –

This mantra not only makes man fearless but also destroys his diseases. Lord Shiva is also called the God of Death. By chanting this mantra, diseases are destroyed and a human being becomes healthy.

Achievement of Yash (honor) –

By chanting this mantra, man attains a high position in society. A person seeking respect should chant the Mahamrityujaya mantra daily.

Blessed with children –

By chanting the Mahamrityujaya Mantra, Lord Shiva’s grace always remains and every wish is fulfilled. It is believed that regular recitation of the holy mantra helps in conceiving.

Continue Reading

EDITOR'S PICK

Maachha Patropoda (Baked Fish in Banana Leaf)

Published

on


Read Time: 2 minutes

Machcha Patropoda is a traditional cuisine of Odisha. The fish is marinated with a freshly ground masala and wrapped in banana leaf and cooked for a few minutes till it’s soft and tender.

Ingredients for the masala: 1 tsp ginger, 1 tsp garlic, 1 tsp cumin seeds, 1 tsp mustard seeds, 2-3 whole dry red chillies.

Ingredients for main preparation: 1 Whole fish of your preference, 2 tsp masala, 1/4 tsp salt, 1 tsp chopped green chillies, 1/4 tsp turmeric, 7 curry leaves, chopped coriander leaves, 1 sliced onion, 1 Tbsp mustard oil

For the masala:

  1. In a grinder put ginger, cumin seeds, garlic, mustard seeds and whole red chillies together.
  2. Blend it to a smooth paste.

For the main preparation:

  1. Clean the fish of your preference and cut into small pieces. Mostly, Hilsa fish tastes great when cooked this way.
  2. Add the ground masala to the fish pieces along with green chillies, turmeric, curry leaves, coriander leaves, onions, mustard oil and salt to taste. Mix all the ingredients well and leave this to marinate.
  3. Place the marinated fish in a banana leaf and wrap it and tie up the leaf packet with a thread.
  4. Then place the sealed banana into coal stove for 15-20 minutes and serve hot.

Tips: If you don’t have coal stove then you can simply keep the leaf packets of fish on a pan or tawaa.

Continue Reading

EDITOR'S PICK

Animals that people Love to wear!!!

Published

on


Read Time: 4 minutes

It sounds crazy but few people love to wear apparels made from animal skin or fur. Many people unknowingly stock their wardrobe with luxurious vanity, jackets, belts and even shoes made of animal skin. Each year, the worldwide leather industry slaughters about a billion animals for tanning their skins. These animals undergo all horrific methods of factory farming which includes incarceration, deprivation, and castration, stamping, and tail-docking. Animals are also slaughtered for their fur, silk, leather, wool, feathers and many more.

Here, we have listed ten poor animals that are very commonly killed for making garments.

Silk Worms

It is a widely known fact the silk clothes we wear are made from silkworms but have anyone ever given a thought that how the silk is obtained from the worms? The silkworm is a caterpillar or the larva of an insect Bombyx mori, commonly known as Silkmoth.

Silkworms

Sericulture involves boiling the cocoon worms alive in order to get the skein or the silk threads. Approximately 3000 silkworms are killed to produce a pound of silk only.

Seals

Seal hunting for commercial purposes in Canada is one of the cruelest and largest butcheries of marine animals on the Earth. Baby seals are often clubbed to death in order that their pelt may be used for human clothing.

Seals

Over a decade, approximately two million seals were killed; thousands of baby seals clubbed or shot for their fur every year. Expert vets studied and confirmed that this is the most brutal slaughters of its kind. Most of the seals are skinned alive. About 95% of the seals slaughtered are pups that are the babies of seals who are just a few weeks old and haven’t even eaten their first solid meal or taken their first swim yet.

Rabbits

Rabbits or bunnies are raised in captivity and sheared by brutal methods to get a kind of wool called angora.

Rabbits

Female rabbit yields more wool than male rabbits, therefore, in larger farms male rabbits are killed at birth. In some places, the workers tear the fur out of their delicate skin as frequently as every three months.

Foxes

On many fur farms, foxes are kept in small and filthy wire cages before being killed for their fur.

Foxes

These are caught in traps crushing their legs to bleed and until they die or hunters arrive. Further, the fur farmers use cheapest methods such as electrocution, suffocation, gas, and poison to kill these animals brutally.

Sheep

In Australia, the global leader in merino wool export, Sheep are subjected to a cruel mutilation method in which workers in the farm carve flesh and skin from the backsides of the animals, most of the time without giving them any anesthesia or painkillers.

Sheep

The method is called as mulesing.

Lambs

In some farms, lambs are killed while in the womb of a mother sheep, even before being born.

Lambs

This method is practiced to obtain karakul, a much softer and smoother variety of fur.

Chiru

Chiru, which considered being an endangered species of Tibetan antelope, is found in the high Himalayas. These animals are directly hunted and killed for its fur, as they cannot be domesticated.

Chiru

There is a thriving black market of Shahtoosh wool obtained from these wild Tibetian antelope, even though there is stringent law against it.

Minks

Mink jackets and coats have been considered as a status symbol for a long time. Because of its high costs, people believe that it’s a luxury to wear mink and only a few people can afford this. This led the little animals to die in thousands or more.

Minks

In order to get the costly fur material, these little creatures go through brutal handling by the farmworkers who grab the petrified, screaming minks by their tails, crowd them into a small suffocating container, and pump it full of gas to suffocate them till they die.

Beavers

Beaver is an exceptionally gentle, social animal that mate for life and create a strong bond with its offspring.

Beavers

Beavers are caught for its fur by using the body-gripping traps, which causes severe pain to these sensitive creatures until they die.

Dogs & Cats

Most of the fur products are sourced from dogs and cat and the fact is kept hidden from most consumers who buy such products.

Dogs and Cats

Actually millions of dogs and cats in China are hanged, beaten, bled to death or strangled with wire nooses to obtain a good quality fur, which often mislabeled and sold in in many countries across the world.

Continue Reading

EDITOR'S PICK

Talaq Talaq Talaq: instantaneous and irrevocable divorce

Published

on


Read Time: 4 minutes

Shah Bano, a 62-year-old Muslim mother of five from Indore, Madhya Pradesh, was divorced by her husband in 1978. She filed a criminal suit in the Supreme Court of India, in which she won the right to alimony from her husband. However, the Muslim politicians mounted a campaign for the verdict’s nullification. The Indian Parliament reversed the judgment under pressure from Islamic orthodoxy.

After 41 years India has witnessed the victory for all these Muslim women who had been directly or indirectly having been suffered the most in the name of triple talaq or talaq-e-biddat or talaq-e- mughallazah(irrevocable divorce). The revocation of triple talaq has shown the way for one nation and one law. It has certainly purged the impurities which are marring Indian society for a long time. It is hard to believe such a stigma of society still persists in India. There was a time when movie maker could not put the name of the movie as triple talaq as it can simply jeopardize their marriage status by uttering the words by a husband.

Not only Muslims women, but in the case of Hindus women also, they do face the black horror of bigotry, superstition and social stigma since the dawn of history. Be it female foeticide, child marriage, dowry disgrace, women trafficking or gender inequality in every sphere of life, have ceded the developed India’s goodwill and harmony. According to sources in every hour 4 Indian women lost their modesty and that 117 million girls demographically go “missing” due to sex-selective abortions, as claimed by the United Nations Population Fund.

The historic landmark judgment which has unveiled the curtain of superstition and introduced the new legislation which makes the practice of instant divorce through ‘triple talaq’ among Muslims a punishable offense with 3-year imprisonment. The new law clarifies and invokes  ‘talaq-e-biddat’ or any other similar form of talaq having the effect of instantaneous and irrevocable divorce pronounced by a Muslim husband void and illegal. It makes it illegal to pronounce talaq three times — spoken, written or through SMS or WhatsApp or any other electronic chat — in one sitting.”Any pronouncement of talaq by a Muslim husband upon his wife, by words, either spoken or written or in electronic form or in any other manner whatsoever, shall be void and illegal,” the law says.

The road to glory has not been rosy as the All India Muslim Personal Law Board (AIMPLB) has argued that the Supreme Court does not have jurisdiction to strike down provisions of personal law, organizations calling for reform and Muslim women from various walks of life across the country have urged the court to declare triple talaq and polygamy as “un-Islamic”. In the past, courts have made discordant notes about the immunity enjoyed by personal laws.

In 1951, the Bombay High Court in State of Bombay versus Narasu Appa Mali held that personal law is not ‘law’ under Article 13 of the Indian constitution. The judgment was never challenged in the Supreme Court.  In Ahmedabad Women Action Group versus Union of India, the Supreme Court was asked to consider that unilateral divorce by talaq and polygamy violated Articles 14 and 15.

The Article 13 of Indian Constitution provides a constitutional basis to judicial review since it gives the Supreme Court or High Courts the authority to interpret the pre-constitutional laws and decide whether they are in sync with the principles and values of the present Constitution. A judicial declaration from a Constitution Bench under Article 13 that personal laws are liable to comply with the fundamental rights guaranteed by Constitution would bring religious law, even uncodified practices.

The instantaneous and irrevocable (triple talaq) divorce has certainly addressed such sectarian rules which are earlier hard to be touched and forget of curtailing or wiping out from the society. Time has come now and again to act upon such inadmissible and untouched principles which are definitely cursed for the society in this developing and holy nation.

Continue Reading

EDITOR'S PICK

In the Memory of Padma Bhushan Shri Harivansh Rai Bachchan

Published

on


Read Time: 1 minute

Shri Harivansh Rai Bachchan’s writings are considered as great milestones in Hindi literature which needs no introduction. He was a rebellious Indian poet noted for the Nayi Kavita literary movement in early 20th century.  He was born in a Hindu Kayastha family, in Allahabad in the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh, in British India. He was also a poet of the Hindi Kavi Sammelan.

In 1976, he was honored with the Padma Bhushan, the third highest award for his contribution to Hindi literature. He had incorporated vocabulary from several languages, including Awadhi, Hindi, and Urdu, which were considered as Hindustani language during that time.

Let’s check of his best poems below,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

These evergreen compositions will always remain with us.

Continue Reading

More From NewsViewsNetwork

Subscribe To Our NewsletterDon't worry, we too hate spam.

Join our mailing list to receive the latest news and updates from around the world in your area of interest.