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Three leopards found dead in Uttarakhand jungles

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India achieved a landmark and is now the biggest hub for Tiger conservation. We observed the International Tigers day just a few days ago with the growth in the tiger population by 741 numbers. India is the home for 2967 tigers. Madhya Pradesh has maximum numbers of tigers followed by Karnataka and Uttarakhand.

In Uttarakhand, shockingly three leopards were found dead due to poisoning. This was confirmed after autopsy.

According to sources, just a day before three leopards was found dead in different locations in Pauri Garhwal and Haridwar district’s Lal Dhang area. All three carnivores were found dead in three different jungle divisions.

The dead bodies of these wild leopards had been sent for postmortem at the Zoo rescue centre and on the basis of the autopsy report, it was revealed that all of them had died of poisoning.

According to a news report, the forest department of Pauri Garhwal and Haridwar district have said that prima facie it seems to be a conspiracy of killing these leopards.

The entire forest and wildlife department is in a state of shock as never before back to back deaths of three leopards happened in the past and that too within the radius of a mere one-kilometre.

After acknowledging this information, the forest and wildlife officials of Lansdowne, Haridwar and Rajaji National Park and Tiger reserve hurriedly reached the spot. However, they could not reach any definite conclusion as to how these three deaths occurred in a sequence and that too due to poisoning.

All three leopards were in the age group of 4 to 8 years. As per sources, the forest and wildlife officials stationed at Zoo under Haridwar forest division received the news about the dead body of a leopard in the Haridwar districts Lal Dhang area on Thursday evening.

The range officer of the Zoo of Haridwar forest division Mukesh Kumar immediately rushed to the site to locate the dead leopard but due to pitch darkness could not find the body.

The forest division’s team again started the search the next day on Friday. After an extensive search operation, the team could finally figure out the leopard’s dead decomposed body.  The body was emanating a foul smell and was found on the backside of the Kali Mata Temple in Lal Dhaang area.

Prima facie it was revealed that the leopard died due to poisoning. Sensing something fishy and risky to the other wildlife behind the poisoning conspiracy, the forest department’s team minutely checked the jungle area.

The forest team was shocked to find another body of the leopard some distance away at the Rawasan Range of Rajaji Tiger Reserve Park. The forest officials of the concerned division took the dead body under their charge.

While the search was on, the team found one more dead leopard near the bank of Rawasan river in the Lal Dhaang range of Lansdowne forest division.

After being informed about these three back to back recovery of three dead bodies of these carnivorous animals in the Pauri and Haridwar district areas the DFO Akash Verma hurriedly reached the spots where all the three dead bodies were found. All the three dead leopards were found within a radius of one kilometre. Therefore the centre of investigation has been fixed at Lal Dhang forest range near Rawasan river.

The investigation in the matter has been expedited by the forest division in league with the police department of Haridwar.

It’s indeed a matter of immense worry that three endangered species of Uttarakhand leopards have been killed due to poisoning.

However, there had been a spike in the incidents of maneater leopard attacks in various parts of Uttarakhand with the majority of these carnivorous animals becoming man-eaters killing the local inhabitants every third day. In another shocking incident yesterday evening a maneater leopard attacked a woman in a jungle at Almora where the victim had gone to cut grass along with her friends. When the panicked girl created a noise the maneater threw the girl into a rivulet injuring her grievously on the head and other parts of her body. She was admitted to a local hospital.

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1 Comment

  1. Niharika Ghia

    August 3, 2019 at 9:07 PM

    This is very sad. Certain that someone has fed these animals with poison. Maybe some forest officer is involved. Who else can dare to go near such wild animal to poison it

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Sunil Negi hails from Uttarakhand and is a veteran journalist and author. He is a prolific writer and has carved a name for himself in the media world. He received the 'Golden Achiever Award' in the '90th AIAC Excellence Awards 2019' for his book ''Havoc in Heaven'' based on the tragedy that struck Uttarakhand in which thousands of people lost their lives. He is also the President of Uttarakhand Journalists Forum and majorly writes on Politics, Current Affairs, and Social Issues.



1 Comment

  1. Niharika Ghia

    August 3, 2019 at 9:07 PM

    This is very sad. Certain that someone has fed these animals with poison. Maybe some forest officer is involved. Who else can dare to go near such wild animal to poison it

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Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

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Avoid constructions on river banks in hilly areas to stay safe

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The havoc created by the ongoing rains and the cloud burst incidents have led to excessive swelling of rivers and dangerous landslides.
This has not only damaged roads and washed away houses but has killed several people and domestic animals. The colossal loss to people and properties in Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh has taught the people and the respective governments a good number of lessons.
In Uttarakhand, during the last week, the toll had crossed fifty numbers. The massive ecological disaster of 2013 that took place in Kedarnath and its surrounding areas due to massive cloud bursts and excessive rain, killed thousands of people. This incident had also sent several signals of the impending dangers to the people, successive governments of the state and to the center.
Whenever there is overflooding of rivers and massive deluges, the inhabitants living alongside the river banks and plains suffer the most. At the very first instance, they lose their agricultural fields, houses, domestic animals and also their lives. The reason being that builders, Dhabawallas, hoteliers and local residents deliberately forget the risks involved in constructing their houses and buildings near the river banks. All this for immediate gains.
When the rivers swell beyond capacity because of incessant heavy rains and accumulate a humongous quantity of water due to cloud bursts the buildings, commercial establishments, shops, etc built on these river banks are directly affected. The inhabitants living in them are the direct victims. They get washed away, get pressed under huge debris of landslides or even under the damaged houses because their foundations get badly eroded. During the ecological disaster of June 15, 2013, even multistorey houses and hotels constructed on the river banks of the Alaknanda river fell like a pack of cards and killed several people. Hundreds of vehicles, even trucks, tempos and trolleys got swept away.
There are clear cut instructions in Uttarakhand and the ruling from the ministry of environment also mentions that no structure should come up within a specified parametre or distance from the rivers or on its adjoining banks or plains. This is probably up to 500 meters. Despite several horrific ecological disasters and monsoon tragedies, it seems that the people of Uttarakhand and its administration have not learned any lesson. This is a dangerous trend and has led to several deaths till date. It is not wise to blame nature, it is the attitude of these human beings and the state administration who can be blamed for these tragedies. The occupants and the tourists throw their rubbish, plastic, faecal, construction material and other dirt into the pious rivers and make them squeezed and polluted. Human beings embrace death and devastation by encroaching and going too near these rivers. First and foremost, the mining mafia which cuts down trees on these river banks and thus makes them hollow should be thrown out fiercely.
Eminent Environmentalist Sunder Lal Bahuguna’s son Rajeev Nayan Bahuguna who is a senior journalist,
while advising the people of Uttarakhand after the tragic death of about fifty people wrote: ‘Never ever build houses on the banks/plains of rivers and the monsoon rivulets. The ancestors never built their houses on these river banks. Residing on riverbanks leads to destruction and devastation for sure. There used to be Gharaats on river banks in an earlier era and that too at quite a distance. Construction of houses, hotels, restaurants has started since a decade. The political class and the lawmakers allegedly siphon off huge funds in the name of new construction. They are least worried about the safety and the well being of people. Therefore we should give up constructing structures on river banks and avoid these tragedies.’
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Flora

Bring Home the Green Air Purifiers

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With many of the cities facing alarming air pollution, it’s quite obvious for people to pursue different natural ways to fight hazardous air quality. Many of us spend on buying air purifying masks that keep you away from the toxins and dust particles present in the air. However, there is another eco-friendly option is to bring home some house plants that act as natural green purifiers.

Here are a few indoor plant options for you.

Aloe Vera

Aloe vera, a succulent plant widely serves medicinal purposes. It primarily absorbs carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, and formaldehyde from the air in your home.

It is considered that an Aloe plant can replace nine air purifiers. Apart from this, the gel of the fleshy plant leaves is a great ingredient for smooth and clear skin.

Ficus Elastica

Ficus elastica, commonly known as rubber fig or rubber bush or rubber plant is a fig genus plant. The rubber plant neither needs much sunlight nor requires high maintenance.

It effectively purifies the air by removing formaldehyde present in the atmosphere. However, it needs to be kept away from pets and kids as its leaves contain a toxic substance.

Ivy

Hedera commonly known as ivy belongs to the family Araliaceae. This evergreen climber or ground creeper woody plant is a native to central, western and southern Europe, northwestern Africa and Macaronesia.

It is also found across central-southern Asia east to Japan and Taiwan. It is considered as one of the best indoor plants that remove 58% of the feces particles and 60% of the toxins present in the air inside the house.

Spider Plant

Chlorophytum comosum, commonly known as spider plant or airplane plant is a perennial flowering houseplant.  These plants are tolerant of adverse conditions, adaptable to climate change and durable as well.

Spider plants are capable of carrying out photosynthesis under minimum sun light. It also absorbs most of the toxins such as carbon monoxide, gasoline, formaldehyde, and styrene from the air. Apparently, one spider plant is sufficient to purify the air in a 200 sq. m space.

Snake Plant

Sansevieria trifasciata, commonly known as snake plant or Saint George’s sword or mother-in-law’s tongue or viper’s bowstring hemp belongs to the family Asparagaceae and native to tropical West Africa.

Just like a spider plant, the snake plant is durable and capable of performing photosynthesis under low light. Since it produces oxygen during the night, it is suggested to keep the plant in the bedroom area.

Peace Lilies

Spathiphyllum, commonly known as Spath or peace lilies, is a monocotyledonous flowering plant that belongs to the family Araceae.

The plant is known for removing toxins like formaldehyde and trichloroethylene from the air. As per to NASA, 15-18 of these plants per 500 sq. m area is enough to purify the toxic air.

These plants are really effective in removing toxins from the air and increasing oxygen levels in your house.

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Amazing Congo Rainforest

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Located in central Africa, the world’s second-largest rainforest widely known as The Congo Basin Rainforest covers about 1.5 million square miles. Although a major portion of the Congo Rainforest is in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), substantial areas fall in Gabon, Cameroon, the Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea and the Central African Republic.

Common Facts of Congo Rainforest

  1. The Congo rainforest is considered as one of the most endangered ecosystems in the world.
  2. The second largest river of the world, The Congo River, runs through the rainforest.
  3. Though the climate is warm and wet with an average temperature of 25°C, the average rainfall is over 58 inches annually.
  4. Five of the national parks in the Congo Rainforest are declared as UN World Heritage Sites.
  5. Pygmies are the group of tribal ethnicities mostly found in Congo Basin. The short stature people with an average height of 4- 4.5 feet survive by foraging and hunting.

Amazing Fauna Facts

  1. The Congo rainforest is home to approximately 450 species of mammals, 200 types of amphibians, 300 species of reptiles, and over 1,000 species of birds.
  2. It is the only place on earth where all types of gorillas can be seen. The types include all three subspecies the lowland gorilla, the mountain gorilla, and the eastern lowland gorilla. Bonobos, an endangered great ape, which is considered to be the closest relatives to human beings are found here only.

3. The Congo rainforest is also a habitat for the African forest elephant. The distinguishable characteristics of the African forest elephant are its smaller frame and downward-projecting tusks.

4. Okapi is an African mammal that appears like a crossbreed of a giraffe and a horse. Therefore, it is often called zebra giraffe or forest giraffe. Its brown color body with white striped legs provides the mammal a totally mesmerizing appearance. The animal is found only in the rainforest of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).

5. The black colobus or satanic black colobus is a species of Old World monkey of the genus colobus. These are large in size and covered with black fur with no thumb as in all other colobus monkeys. Owing to hunting and habitat destruction, the black colobus species has encountered large declines in population and was consequently listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List in 1994. These endangered species are found in high canopies of the Congo rainforest.

Congo Rainforest Plant Facts

  1. The Congo rainforests is also a habitat to over 11,000 species of flora. The vegetation here is so dense that in most of the parts only 1% of the sunlight reaches the ground.
  2. Many cancer Institutes have identified about 1,400 plants in the rainforest could potentially be used to fight cancer.
  3. Lianas, which appear like more of vines, are common in the Congo rainforest and can grow up to three thousand feet or 914 meters long.

4. Another common flora found in these rainforests is the teak trees that grow up to 50 meters or 154 feet high. Since teak trees are always in high demand for its wood, it has become the primary reasons for the alarming rate of deforestation in the forest.

These amazing facts help understand why this rainforest is one of the most incredible African landforms.

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Resources

Be aware of Indoor Air Pollutants

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We all have emphasized on air pollution always. However, many of us are not aware of the several gases and organic compounds, which constantly act as pollutants in the air within the house. Constant exposure to such compounds even in minimum quantities can have an unfavorable impact on well-being and health.

Below is the list of few common indoor pollutants –

Formaldehyde

This is a naturally occurring organic compound found in many domestic products such as particle-board, plywood, building materials, paints, glues, cosmetics, and paper products, etc.

Exposure to formaldehyde causes irritation in eyes, throat, nose, and skin. It also leads to some cancers when exposed to high levels.

Benzene

The organic compound, Benzene is commonly released in the air from building materials, plywood, furniture, and particle-board. LPG cooking gas also contributes to the levels of Benzene in the air.

Apart from this, photocopying machines or printers in homes as well as in offices also release benzene. Furthermore, smoking inside a home can be a major contributor to benzene in the indoor air. Exposure to this organic pollutant leads to insomnia, dizziness, headaches, and nausea.

Carbon Mono Oxide

The major sources of Carbon mono oxide are gases are cigarette smoke and smoke from vehicles.

It could be one of the worst indoor air pollutants if your house is located near to a busy road with automobiles or you regularly smoke inside the house. Inhaling carbon monoxide regularly can lead to dizziness, fatigue, irregular breathing, headache, nausea, and coughing.

Toluene

Toluene is another organic compound, released in the air by chemical cleaners, building materials, adhesive products, polishes, and oils, etc.

Exposure to toluene causes eye, nasal and throat irritation. It also causes dizziness, headaches, and feelings of intoxication. It also has neurological impacts that affect short-term memory.

Xylene

This is an organic compound, which is volatile in nature. The compound is found in adhesives, paints, rust preventers, gasoline, thinners and permanent magic markers.

Exposure to Xylene leads to irritation in the epidermis, eyes, nasal system and throat, breathing disorders and dizziness.

Ammonia

Ammonia is an odorless gas released by construction material. It is also released by human beings while urinating.

Exposure to high levels of ammonia leads to nausea, headaches, burning sensation in eyes, nose, throat, and skin.

Trichloroethylene

Trichloroethylene is also a volatile organic compound released by lubricants, varnishes, adhesives, paint removers, typewriter correction fluid, and chemical cleaners.

Exposure to trichloroethylene impacts the immune and reproductive systems, kidneys, liver, and central nervous system. It may also affect fetal development during pregnancy.

These are the indoor air pollutants, we should be aware of. In order to remove these pollutants from the air, we can keep small indoor potted plants that purify the indoor air and bring significant positive influence on our health.

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Environment

House of Hiranandani celebrates Independence Day in a unique way

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House of Hiranandani, a leading real estate company, celebrated the 73rd Independence Day in a distinct and environment-friendly way.  With an aim to avoid any disrespect to the national flag and protect the environment by discouraging the use of plastic flags, the organization distributed over 500 sustainable flags among its employees in Mumbai, Bengaluru, Chennai, and Hyderabad.

These sustainable flags are made of seed paper, a handmade bio-degradable paper that includes plant seeds like Marigold, Poppy, Balsam, Celosia, and Gaillardia. Post celebrations, the bio-degradable paper can be soaked in water and planted in soil to be grown into saplings.

Mr.Mohan Monteiro, Chief Human Resources Officer, House of Hiranandani said, “We often see our national flags lying on the street after the Independence Day celebrations, and they usually take a long time to decompose. These sustainable flags allow us to safeguard the sanctity of one of our nation’s symbols.

Our sensitivity towards the environment encourages us to take up sustainable initiatives that are aimed at creating and preserving the green cover around us. The plantable seeds will enable us to grow more trees. We have already educated our team on planting the seeds and have urged them to take care of the saplings.” he added.

Over 500 sustainable flags distributed among its employees.

PRESS RELEASE

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EDITOR'S PICK

Let’s Talk Green: Types of Deficiencies in Plants

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Plants can’t say through words about how they feel? Or what they need? However, these green living beings can express through their appearance about their needs. The abnormal yellowish color of leaves of plants often tries to tell us about their basic requirements for a healthy life. Let us take a look at the below symptoms or signs of deficiency to know what exactly the plant is craving.

Nitrogen Deficiency

Nitrogen is a vital nutrient for the creation of chlorophyll, which is the key ingredient of photosynthesis. Additionally, nitrogen is the main constituent of amino acids that forms proteins. Protein stimulates growth in plants and promotes fruit development.

Signs: Yellowish or pale green leaves and inhibited growth

Solution: Adding coffee grounds directly to the soil or plant makes the rich in nitro nutrients. Another method is to plant a nitrogen-rich plant such as beans and peas near nitrogen-deficient plants.

Phosphorous Deficiency

Phosphorus (P) is a vital macronutrient for plant productivity. According to research results, Phosphorus deficiency limits the photosynthetic machinery and the electron transport chain. It reduces the orthophosphate concentration in the chloroplast stroma to levels that inhibit ATP synthase activity.

Signs: Darkening around edges of leaves, stunted growth and small or no flowers.

Solutions: Adding aquarium or fish tank water to soil however ensure the water doesn’t contain salt components. The fish water is also a great source of nitrogen.

Potassium Deficiency

Potash deficiency is common in sandy soils because potassium ions (K+) are extremely soluble and easily leach from soils without colloids. Potassium deficiency impacts protein synthesis in plants and maintains turgidity and flaccidity of guard cells that helps in opening and closing of stomata.

Signs: Leaves with brown spots and yellow or brown veins or yellow edges. This deficiency leads to disease and drought.

Solution: Bury peels of Banana an inch below the topsoil. Peels take some time to rot and will slowly help plants. Banana peels also deter aphids.

Magnesium Deficiency

Insufficient magnesium in plants degrades the chlorophyll in the old leaves, which causes interveinal chlorosis, which limits the photosynthesis process in plants and subsequently the plant growth is compromised.

Signs:

Yellowing of veins and edges of leaves.  Sometimes it leads a marbled appearance.

Solution:

Epsom salt works tremendously when directly added to the topsoil of the plant before watering it. It is significantly beneficial for peppers, tomatoes, and roses.

Calcium Deficiency

Inadequate Calcium in plant cells leads to tissue necrosis leading to stunted growth of plants. Lack of calcium also increases the plant’s vulnerability to root diseases such as Pythium.

Signs:

Yellow spots between the leaf veins, blossom end rots, stunted growth, weak or dying stems.

Solutions:

Crushed eggs shells are a great source of calcium when added to the soil. This method will slowly help your plants, so make sure you till the eggshells well into the soil to help the process along.

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EDITOR'S PICK

Plants are not always friends!!!

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Plants, an amazing creation of Almighty, provide oxygen to supports the animal kingdom on earth. However, there are many venomous or poisonous plants do exist in nature, which we are not aware of.  It is also believed by some people that there are some man eating tree do exist somewhere in the Middle East. Although there is no strong evidence reported regarding the existence of such trees, current world, however, deadly poisonous plants do exist.

Below is a brief compilation of some of the most dangerous plants that are still found in nature.

Nerium Oleander

Nerium Oleander is believed to be the most poisonous plant on Earth. The plant is filled with poisonous chemicals including two most powerful toxins namely oleandrin and nerine. The poison of oleander so powerful, that it can poison the human body even on ingestion of the honey made by the bees that consumed oleander nectar. Even though it is noxious in nature, Oleander plants are used for decorative purposes because of it a lovely fragrance.

Cicuta or Water Hemlock

Primarily found in the marshy areas of America, Cicuta, commonly known as Water Hemlock, contains a poisonous toxin, cicutoxin, in its roots. Unfortunately, the white roots of Cicuta are often mistaken for the parsnip. The chemical cicutoxin causes nausea, cramps, vomiting and muscle tremors. People survive the cicutoxin suffer from long-term health conditions, such as amnesia. Ingestion of this plant material can cause death in the animal within 15 minutes of consumption.

Abrus Precatorius or Rosary Pea

The beautiful red and black colored seeds, of rosary pea plant popularly known as rosary prayer beads, are widely known for making imported jewelry.  These beautiful seeds contain the poison abrin, however, the seeds are absolutely safe until they are broken or the outer coating is damaged. Each pea of the pod contains approximately 2.5 milligrams of abrin, which is sufficient to kill a human. Abrin inhibits protein synthesis by bonding with the plasma membranes. Symptoms of abrin poisoning include tough breathing, nausea, vomiting, fever, and fluid in the lungs. It also leads to dehydration and ends with the kidneys, liver, and spleen shutting down causing death within four days.

Atropa Belladonna or Deadly Nightshade

Atropa Belladonna, commonly known as ‘Deadly Nightshade’ grows to a height of 1.5 meters and can be recognized by its bell-shaped purple flowers and the dull, dark green leaves. The plant is completely safe for animals and birds, however deadly for human beings. Symptoms of Belladonna poisoning include dilated pupils, sensitivity to light, blurred vision, headaches, confusion, and convulsions. The deadly poison doses disturb the nervous system, rendering the nerve endings in involuntary muscle paralysis.

Castor Oil Plant

Castor plant contains the deadly toxin, ricin, found in high concentrations in the seed coating. Symptoms of castor poisoning include nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, internal bleeding, and kidney and circulation failure. Exposure to the dust is most common in areas where the beans are processed for commercial use.

Taxus Baccata or the English Yew

These plants are believed to be a symbol of the immortality of the soul and seen in plenty at church graveyards across Great Britain. The 22 meters giant trees contain poison in all of its parts except the bark. Consumption of the leaves and seeds can lead to dizziness, dry mouth, dilation of the pupils, weakness, irregular heart rhythm, and possibly death. It also possesses medicinal values, such as a cure for water elf disease and potential as an anti-tumor. Yew extract is used for Taxol, which inhibits the growth of cancer cells.

Ageratina Altissima or White Snakeroot

The white snakeroot is a shadow loving weed mostly found in the eastern and southern United State. The plant contains high levels dangerous toxic substance called trementol, which acts as a powerful poison for horses, goats, and sheep and symptoms poisoning include depression and lethargy, placement of hind feet close together or far apart, nasal discharge, excessive salivation, arched body posture, and rapid or difficulty breathing. In humans, the poisoning symptoms include bad breath, loss of appetite, listlessness, weakness, vague pains, muscle stiffness, vomiting, abdominal discomfort, severe constipation, coma, and possibly death.

Aconitum or Aconite

Aconite is a beautiful but poisonous plant that contains toxins in every part of it and is known to poison people who mistake its white carrot-like root for horseradish or some other herb. Its poisoning symptoms cause numbness, tingling, and cardiac problems as well. When ingested, the poison leads to a burning sensation in the mouth followed by increased salivation, vomiting, diarrhea, a tingling sensation in the skin, changes in blood pressure, heartbeat irregularities, coma, and sometimes even death.

Datura Stramonium or Jimsonweed

Jimsonweed or Datura with its pointed leaves and fruits looks scary itself. The parts of the plant contain toxic alkaloids with hallucinogenic properties that can cause hospitalization and death when consumed in high dosage. Even beautiful white or lavender trumpet-shaped flower of Datura also contains the poisonous toxins atropine and scopolamine. It is also widely known for its medicinal values such as relieving asthma symptoms and as an analgesic during surgery or bone-setting.

Hippomane Mancinella or Machineel

Manchineel or the ‘little apple of death’ found in plenty Found across the Florida Everglades, Central America, and the Caribbean. Its white sap can cause damage, including rashes, skin irritation, coughing, loss of voice, etc. These tiny apple-like fruits, if ingested, can cause blisters in the mouth, swell the throat to shut it off, and even cause gastrointestinal problems.

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Amazing Sundarban Forest!!!

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The Sundarbans is a mangrove forest spans across the borders of India and Bangladesh. It is a delta formed by the confluence of Brahmaputra, Ganges and Meghna Rivers in the Bay of Bengal. The forest is extends from the Hooghly River in India’s state of West Bengal to the Baleswar River in Bangladesh. The Sundarbans are comprised of wide variety of flora and fauna which attracts millions of tourist from all over the world.

Apart from its incredible beauty and wildness there are also other amazing facts.

It is the largest Mangrove forest in the world. The tremendous growth of mangrove is due to the coastal water around the Sundarbans. 40% of the mangrove forest comes under India, while rest of the forest comes under Bangladesh. It is also considered to be the UNESCO World heritage site.

Sundarbans (India) is ten times bigger than the city of Venice. Encompassing 4000 sq. km, the Sundarbans Forest in India has 102 islands, out of which 54 are inhabited and rest of the area is covered with the forest.

The dense mangrove forests are home to the royal Bengal tigers. It is believed that Sundarban has the largest number of royal Bengal tigers in the world.

The name Sundarban has been given after a mangrove tree that is named as Sundari which in Hindi means beautiful. That is why Sundarban is considered to be as a very beautiful place.

As declared by the Fishery Board of India, Sundarban is the largest Biosphere Reserve in India because of its brackish water fish production and marine fisheries.

There is a village called widow village in Sundarban, which is home to India’s resilient Tiger Widows.

Sundarban is also famous for its night safaris due to the Phytoplanktons, the small micro-organisms that reflect light in the dark new moon.

So, these are a few facts that we have tried to present you; however, there are many more other amazing facts about Sundarban.

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Ten things we should do to SAVE EARTH

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Today the environment has become a serious concern as the wrath of Mother Nature clearly indicates the consequences of being irresponsible and careless towards the environment for centuries.

Now people have come forward to save the earth by practicing even little things every day that can really help in reducing carbon footprints, greenhouse gases and conserving the environment.
Therefore let’s go green by practicing below ten things.

1. Follow 3R rule.

Reduce, reuse, and recycle are the three things that we need to pay attention to our everyday life. Reducing, reusing or recycling daily household trash can significantly reduce pollution.
Cultivate a habit of throwing household waste in separate garbage-bins per them, so that these waste materials can be reused or recreated. Also, we should use products that come with minimal packaging. This little practice in our day to day life is the first step towards conservation of natural resources and landfill space.

2. Volunteer yourself for cleaning up your society or surroundings.

Avoid throwing any waste on roads or in your surroundings further.

3. Educate people.

Bring awareness among people by educating them on environmental pollution and help them to understand the value and importance of our natural resources.

4. Save water.

Water is the most important natural resource and minimum use of water has become one of the biggest challenges that we are facing nowadays. Statistically, 65 percent of the daily usage of water is used in the bathroom. This can be minimized by taking shorter showers instead of taking a bath. Try not to leave the tap running while brushing your teeth.

5. Go for sustainable eating habits.

Food production is a major reason for the extinction of wildlife. Our eating habits are responsible for almost 60% of global biodiversity loss. Therefore, adopting a plant-based diet instead of a meat-dominated diet can minimize the impact on the environment.

6. Shop mindfully.

Try to buy less plastic products or materials and make a habit of using reusable shopping bags.

7. Save energy.

Usage of long-lasting or energy-efficient light bulbs will minimize greenhouse gas emissions. Also make sure to switch off the lights, fans, coolers or ACs while leaving the room.

8. Plant a tree.

We all know that trees provide food and oxygen. Afforestation helps save energy, clean the air, and help combat climate change. Therefore, try to plant more and more trees in your surroundings.

9. Don’t throw chemicals into the natural water bodies.

Try to use non-toxic chemicals in the home and office.

10. Drive less.

Try to share vehicles or carpool whenever possible. Go for public transports more often or ride a bicycle to work, school, and supermarket. In this way, we can help in reducing emission and it will also help us economically.

If we can practice these simple things every day, it can help in reducing the global consequences and make a big transformation in the long run.

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Environment

180 countries to watch PM Narendra Modi in Discovery channel’s globally popular show Man Vs Wild on 12th August

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PM Modi being handed over the hand made weapon for safety by Bear Grylls in the jungles of Jim Corbett Wild life sanctuary in Uttarakhand on the day of shooting of the episode for Discovery Channel Man Vs Wild
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The prime minister Narendra Modi has been featured in an interesting globally famous programme of Discovery channel Man Vs Wild with its adventurous presenter Bear Grylls to be telecast on Discovery on 12th August.

This unique programme would be telecast on the television channels of 180 countries of the world to be viewed by billions of viewers.

Prime minister Narendra Modi would be the first prime minister of independent India to be featured in this unique TV show of discovery channel. However, United State president Barak Obama and few other international dignitaries had featured in this programme of discovery channel in the past.

The globally popular presenter also known for taking high risks in various adventures of his episodes of Man Vs Wild programme has tweeted: People across 180 countries will get to see the unknown side of the PM @narendramodi as he ventures into Indian wilderness to create awareness about animal conservation & environmental change.

Catch Man Vs Wild with PM Modi@ DiscoveryIN on August 12 @9 pm. # PMModiDiscovery. On World Tigers Day today, prime minister Narendra Modi announced that there are 2967 tigers in India, about 741 more than the previous census.

It’s indeed a healthy sign towards the conservation and promotion of the endangered species in India.

Prime minister Narendra Modi’s special interest and dedication in the conservation of animals especially tigers is being lauded by the animal lovers of the country and the globe.

The Man Vs Wild episode with Bear Grylls was shot for the whole day at Jim Corbet Park on the ill-fated day of ghastly Pulwama tragedy and from where he was in regular touch with the tragic developments.

The entire shooting was materialised in the dense jungles and river of Jim Corbet Wildlife Park with prime minister Narendra Modi wearing a cap and military jacket. He is seen walking in dense jungles with Grylls interacting on wildlife etc.

Titled as “Epic adventure of a lifetime” this special episode of Discovery’s Man Vs Wild encompasses prime minister Narendra Modi’s fearlessness and his habit to confront adventurous situations with ease, especially when he travels over the river tides on a temporary hand made canopy boat with Bear Grylls.

While making him sit on the temporary boat and offering jacket Bear Grylls says to Modi not to worry as you are a very important person for your nation and it’s my full responsibility to ensure your safety.

According to the news reports the world would see prime minister Narendra Modi doing brave acts inside the dense jungles of Uttarakhand’s Jim Corbet Park.

In the entire episode, the PM is walking freely with ease along with the show presenter Bear Grylls.

This programme has been specially designed to promote prime minister Narendra Modi’s special interest and commitment to save and conserve tigers.

However, the Congress spokesperson Randeep Singh Surjewala, as usual,  has criticized prime minister for being busy in shooting on the day when tragic Pulwama massacre was happening in Kashmir.

As expected of him, he asked: Is prime minister Narendra Modi Shahrukh Khan or Salman Khan that he was busy in shooting as a Bollywood actor in the day of Pulwama tragedy, the accusations strongly opposed by the BJP leadership.

180 countries to watch PM Narendra Modi in Discovery channel’s globally popular show Man Vs Wild on 12th August.

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