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Chanakya Neeti

Chanakya Neeti: Key to Success

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Chanakya, also known as Kautilya and Vishnu Gupta was not only an Indian teacher, philosopher, and royal adviser; he was a real political strategist who has an important role in the establishment of Mauryan Empire. Chanakya was the chief advisor to Chandragupta as well as to his son Bindusara. Two great books are attributed to Chanakya, one is Arthashastra and the other one is Chanakya Niti, also known as Chanakya Neeti-Shastra. Chanakya’s Arthashastra throws light on monetary and fiscal policies, welfare, international relations, and war strategies. On the other hand, the Chanakya Niti is a collection of aphorisms, believed to be carefully chosen by Chanakya from various Shastras.

Here we present a few Chanakya Neeti lessons.

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Sonali Patnaik is majorly into secondary research and report writing. She is an avid reader and reads a variety of novels, a music lover and a movie buff. She also loves to travel and fond of cooking experiments. She expresses her views on various topics and does so through her well-researched articles.



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Chanakya Neeti

Chanakya Neeti: a misogynist thought?

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Chanakya or Kautilya was the famous Indian economist, philosopher, author, advisor, and a teacher during the reign of Chandragupta Maurya.

Chanakya’s famous Arthasashtra (Economics) sets out the foundations of how to establish an organized empire in the Mauryan period. Chanakya Neeti was not restricted to the political and royal periphery. The great philosopher also laid out many best practices to address social as well as personal issues; however, today few of his theories may not be acceptable to the modern woman.

There are many instances in his Chanakya Neeti, he refers to numerous offensive thoughts or theories about women.  Let’s check out, what are those theories that were practiced at his time.

The 2nd Chapter of this book begins with the following words.

In Chapter 1 (Couplet no.17), Chanakya says

In Chapter 17 (Couplet no. 9), Chanakya writes

In Chapter 17 (Couplet no. 14), Chanakya mentions

The 1st chapter of the Chanakya Neeti also mentions

In Chapter 8 (Couplet no. 8), Chanakya writes

In Chapter 14 (Couplet no.11), Chanakya writes

In Chapter 12 (Couplet no. 18), Chanakya says

The Chapter 6, couplet 3 of Chanakya Neeti says

In Chapter 14 (Couplet no. 10), Chanakya says

In Chapter 16 (Couplet no. 2), Chanakya says

It is really hard to understand why Chanakya being a learned scholar, a man of strategies, whose countless contributions had changed Indian history, had portrayed women in a bad light in his book.

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Chanakya Neeti

Chanakya Philosophy on Marriage!!!

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Chanakya or Kautilya was the famous Indian economist, philosopher, author, advisor, and a teacher during the reign of Chandragupta Maurya.

Chanakya’s famous Arthasashtra (Economics) sets out the foundations of how to establish an organized empire in the Mauryan period. Chanakya Neeti was not restricted to the political and royal periphery. The great philosopher also laid out many principles and guidelines for marriages at his time.

Let’s check out different types of marriages at his time. Marriages were classified into 8 categories.

  1. Brahmya – Brahmya kind of marriage occurs when a father gives away his daughter in full consent.
  2. Prajapatya – This kind of marriage involves the conjoint performance of holy obligations performed by the groom and the bride without the prior consent of the bride’s father.
  3. Aarsha – A marriage accomplished and legalized by the groom when he presents two cows to the bride’s father in exchange for getting the bride was called an Aarsha marriage.
  4. Daiva –When a father gives away his daughter to the officiating priest, then it is considered as Daiva Vivah.
  5. Gandharva – The secret marriage between the groom and bride without anyone’s permission or knowledge or witness was called Gandharva Vivah.
  6. Asura – When a father gives away his daughter in exchange for a price, then it was known as Asura Vivah.
  7. Rakshasha – A marriage performed after the bride has been abducted and without her consent was referred to as Rakshasha Vivah.
  8. Paisacha – If a marriage performed after the bride was intoxicated/poisoned/ while she is sleeping, it was considered as Paisacha Vivah.

The first four kinds of marriages were considered legal and sacred while the last four are considered illegal.

Also, there was no provision of claiming a divorce for marriages in the first four categories. However, in case of last four types of marriage, a divorce could be claimed on the basis of mutual hatred.

Further, a spouse could not claim a divorce on the basis of unilateral hatred, therefore if either of them was not ready to end the marriage, divorce was ruled out.

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Chanakya Neeti

Three signs that bad luck would chase you even after death

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Chanakya was the World’s best Acharya who is praised for his great knowledge, political treatise, Arthashastra and Chankakya niti. He was a pioneer in the field of politics and economics.

He told that all our actions and karmas repent after life and are also reflected after life. So we should very well take care of or actions and try to do as many good things in our life so that we do not have to worry after life and in the coming future because our actions leads to all the situations.

Chankaya clearly told that separation from spouse in old age shows that you are having a bad luck because in the old age emotional connect is the only thing which motivates the old age couple as there is no physical attraction and people have two emotional points in their life, one in childhood and another in old age.

First: In old age husband and wife becomes dependent on each other so in old age if the death separates you from your spouse then it is considered as a sign of bad luck.

Second: Depending on someone for livelihood is also considered as the bad luck so it is our body and will power and knowledge that make you self- dependent.

And if a healthy person is dependent on others due to circumstances for livelihood then it is a sign of bad luck hovering them. In other words it is also considered that the universal energies are pushing that person towards misfortune after death.

Third: When someone takes away the rewards which you deserve

Yes according to chanakya, every hard work and good efforts leads to an award, sooner or later and if someone snatches that award and takes the credit then it is not a lucky sign.

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Chanakya Neeti

Tips by Chankya for a successful married life

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Chanakya tips for a successful married life

The Great Scholar and economist gave some tips for a successful married life and how can husband and wife live together peaceful life even in this modern age.

He said that understanding women is very important in a married life he said in the second chapter of Chankaya Neeti that the basic nature of women are speaking false, starting a work without giving it a thought, deceitfulness, foolish acts, greed, cruelty and impurity.

In Arthashastra he mentioned that marriage means two individuals blindly trusting one another and it is enough to spend life together.

For a good social life marriage is very important and every person must live a successful married life if he wants to live happily and in peace.

He said in the Chanakya Neeti that every man wants to marry a beautiful woman and it is not wrong but he should not marry that woman who does not belong to a good family because she will ruin your life.

Man must send a marriage proposal to a family which has equal status in the society or if it is not possible then lower, but should never send a proposal to a girl above his social status or else he will lose respect in the eyes of the others.

If a girl is not beautiful but have all good qualities and nature, holds family values, will prove a successful liaison and would be healthy for both families.

Both women and man should put equal efforts to love as this is the first and last thing in the marriage which keeps it going for a lifetime.

Chanakya advises wives to duly serve their husbands because it is the heaven for her and on the same hand no man should ill- treat his wife or take undue advantage of her under his shelter or ese he will lose his status and respect in the society.

He said that a honest and clever women is a good wife for a husband. She should love her husband and always try to bring peace and harmony in the family.

A husband must not hurt or mistreat his wife, or else shall be ready to bear her harsh brunt which is not good for a happy married life.

Men must not fight or talk about other women in the family, as it will bring sorrow to the family and this will strain their relationship.

Men should check the family background of the women and see if she is from a good family or not, it does not matter even if she is very beautiful because such type have potential to break the family of men in future.

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Chanakya Neeti

Chanakya Neeti Shastra Chapter 2

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The Great Scholar and economist Chanakya has mentioned the below points in the second chapter of Chanakya Neeti shastra which are becoming more and more famous with passing time.

If you do hard work then you will get food to eat, capability to digest it, and a beautiful wife.

A person who has obedient son, faithful wife, and who himself is satisfied with whatever he has got experience and enjoys a heavenly life,

A son is that who always his father, a true father is that who takes cares of his son, and honesty is the quality of a true friend.

According to Chanakya a person must stay away from those people who talk flattery in front of you, but try to harm at your back. Such kind friendship is not suitable and is like a poison with milk on its top so simply stay away from such people.

Neither trust a friend who is not good and should be avoided, nor trust a friend who has not proven bad yet. They may reveal your secrets to others when you do not have good terms with them.

Do not speak about your plans to others else others may try to hinder your regime. So it is suggested that you should continue doing your task without grabbing much attention.

  • Every hill does not have gems in it
  • Every elephant does not possess mani
  • Every place is not a home of a noble person
  • Every forest does not have sandalwood trees

A moral man is that person who acts as per the situation instead of continuing with the false assumptions and illusions. Also do not trust everyone.

A wise person is that who grooms his child wisely because only an educated person with high morale gets true respect in the society.

Those parents who do not care about the education of their children are their biggest enemies and growing up such children feel isolated from the society like a crane in a flock of swans.

If parents overindulge with their child, pupil and students then they will spoil them.

Do not allow a single pass away without learning something good and useful.

Friendship between people of equal status is considered as the best, serving under king is one of the best employments a person can get, trading is the best occupation and it is always best for a lady to stay in the safety of home.

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Chanakya Neeti

Best Quotes from Chanakya Neeti chapter 1

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Chanakya was an Indian teacher, great philosopher, economist, jurist and royal advisor. Traditionally he was also referred as Kautilya or Vishnugupt, who was considered the pioneer of the political science and economics in India.

A book called Chankya Neeti was written which has 17 chapters in it and below are some important and famous quotes from Chapter 1.

He said:

It is unwise to advice fool, caring a woman of loose character and to be in a company of a sad fellow.
House which has a venomous snake is not suitable for living. In the same manner a house having a wife who is ill tempered with low morale, deceitful friends and with impolite talkative servants is also not suitable for a living.

An intelligent person should always save money for the bad days and must protect his woman even at the cost of money that he saved for the bad days.

According to Chanakya money is one of the most significant assets a man must have because it brings the honor, support and also makes the person capable of dealing with calamities.

He quoted that there is no benefit to live in a country or region where a person cannot find an employment, respect, well-wishers and education.

A man should not live in a place where there is no law and order, where people are shameless, where no clever man exists and people who lack in spirit of charity also where no art exists.

One of the best quotes which i like from the chapter is below:

Do not even spend even a single day in those places where you cannot find following five:

  1. A prosperous Businessman
  2. Well versed Brahman
  3. Soldiers for protection
  4. River
  5. Doctor for treatment

You can test whether a wife is good or not when your wealth is lost, a friends when you are in need, relatives at the time of crises and a servant when you are on some important mission.

A person who cannot decide his goal cannot win.

Whoever helped you at the time of illness, famines, misfortunes and invasion is your true brother in real sense.

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