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10 poems of Tagore that capture the beauty of true love

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Rabindranath Tagore is regarded as the greatest poet and writer in modern Indian literature. The Bengali poet was not only one of the greatest novelists and educators in India but also a Nobel Laureate for Literature (1913). In 1915, Tagore was awarded as the knighthood; however, he surrendered the award in 1919 in protest against the Jallianwala Bagh massacre, where British troops killed around 400 Indian activists.

Tagore experimented with many poetic forms in his writing but many of his works have lost in translations into other languages. Tagore was the first Indian to introduce psychological realism to his novels.

Here are some of the best Rabindranath Tagore Love Poems:
#1

#2

#3

#4

#5

#6

#7

#8

#9

#10

“If you cry because the sun has gone out of your life, your tears will prevent you from seeing the stars.”
― Rabindranath Tagore

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Sonali Patnaik is majorly into secondary research and report writing. She is an avid reader and reads a variety of novels, a music lover and a movie buff. She also loves to travel and fond of cooking experiments. She expresses her views on various topics and does so through her well-researched articles.



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EDITOR'S PICK

Let’s Talk Green: Types of Deficiencies in Plants

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Plants can’t say through words about how they feel? Or what they need? However, these green living beings can express through their appearance about their needs. The abnormal yellowish color of leaves of plants often tries to tell us about their basic requirements for a healthy life. Let us take a look at the below symptoms or signs of deficiency to know what exactly the plant is craving.

Nitrogen Deficiency

Nitrogen is a vital nutrient for the creation of chlorophyll, which is the key ingredient of photosynthesis. Additionally, nitrogen is the main constituent of amino acids that forms proteins. Protein stimulates growth in plants and promotes fruit development.

Signs: Yellowish or pale green leaves and inhibited growth

Solution: Adding coffee grounds directly to the soil or plant makes the rich in nitro nutrients. Another method is to plant a nitrogen-rich plant such as beans and peas near nitrogen-deficient plants.

Phosphorous Deficiency

Phosphorus (P) is a vital macronutrient for plant productivity. According to research results, Phosphorus deficiency limits the photosynthetic machinery and the electron transport chain. It reduces the orthophosphate concentration in the chloroplast stroma to levels that inhibit ATP synthase activity.

Signs: Darkening around edges of leaves, stunted growth and small or no flowers.

Solutions: Adding aquarium or fish tank water to soil however ensure the water doesn’t contain salt components. The fish water is also a great source of nitrogen.

Potassium Deficiency

Potash deficiency is common in sandy soils because potassium ions (K+) are extremely soluble and easily leach from soils without colloids. Potassium deficiency impacts protein synthesis in plants and maintains turgidity and flaccidity of guard cells that helps in opening and closing of stomata.

Signs: Leaves with brown spots and yellow or brown veins or yellow edges. This deficiency leads to disease and drought.

Solution: Bury peels of Banana an inch below the topsoil. Peels take some time to rot and will slowly help plants. Banana peels also deter aphids.

Magnesium Deficiency

Insufficient magnesium in plants degrades the chlorophyll in the old leaves, which causes interveinal chlorosis, which limits the photosynthesis process in plants and subsequently the plant growth is compromised.

Signs:

Yellowing of veins and edges of leaves.  Sometimes it leads a marbled appearance.

Solution:

Epsom salt works tremendously when directly added to the topsoil of the plant before watering it. It is significantly beneficial for peppers, tomatoes, and roses.

Calcium Deficiency

Inadequate Calcium in plant cells leads to tissue necrosis leading to stunted growth of plants. Lack of calcium also increases the plant’s vulnerability to root diseases such as Pythium.

Signs:

Yellow spots between the leaf veins, blossom end rots, stunted growth, weak or dying stems.

Solutions:

Crushed eggs shells are a great source of calcium when added to the soil. This method will slowly help your plants, so make sure you till the eggshells well into the soil to help the process along.

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EDITOR'S PICK

Slight change in your Lifestyle can bring the spark back!!!

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Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a very common yet major problem for most of the men irrespective of the age group. ED occurs for many factors including particular health disorder, emotional relationship problems, specific medication, and alcohol or smoking habits and fortunately it can be curable. Although there are many ED treatment options including medication and surgery, there are also some natural remedies which can help to overcome the problem. Apart from this, certain activities or lack of activity also causes ED, so before trying out medications or natural remedies, some changes in lifestyle can also be considered for better results.

Here are some lifestyle changes that one needs to try before opting for medication or surgery.

  1. Exercise regularly

Regular exercise has helped a lot of people to overcome most of the health problems. Similarly, for ED, improvement in blood pressure, blood flow, and overall fitness may significantly reduce the risks of ED. Apart from regular cardio exercises, it is advised to focus on various pelvic exercises and Pilates as well.

2. Eat Healthy

Healthy eating habits have always helped us to stay fit. Eating right and nutritious food helps to reduce the risk of many vascular and lifestyle diseases, which are the major cause for ED. Some of the foods that help in curing ED includes watermelon, dark chocolate, and pomegranate juice.

3. Say No to Alcohol and Smoking

Both of these activities affect health badly and lead to many potential health risks, including cardiovascular disorders and ED. Eliminating alcohol and smoking habits may help cure ED problems.

4. Stay stress-free

Stress is another major factor that impacts sexual performance. Stress comes from several directions including finances, work, and relationship issues. All you need to do is keep yourself calm and try to find solutions to your problems. To reduce your stress levels, some meditation can be tried out or some soulful music can also help in reducing unnecessary mental pressures.

5. Keep yourself engage in sexual activities

Engage yourself in certain sexual actions that turn you on. This helps in partial erections which has a positive impact on ED. The increased blood flow to the genital helps to stimulate and enhances the function over a period of time.

So, these are a few tips that might benefit you before you go for medications. It is advisable to consult a doctor before taking any medications or herbal supplements.

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EDITOR'S PICK

Plants are not always friends!!!

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Plants, an amazing creation of Almighty, provide oxygen to supports the animal kingdom on earth. However, there are many venomous or poisonous plants do exist in nature, which we are not aware of.  It is also believed by some people that there are some man eating tree do exist somewhere in the Middle East. Although there is no strong evidence reported regarding the existence of such trees, current world, however, deadly poisonous plants do exist.

Below is a brief compilation of some of the most dangerous plants that are still found in nature.

Nerium Oleander

Nerium Oleander is believed to be the most poisonous plant on Earth. The plant is filled with poisonous chemicals including two most powerful toxins namely oleandrin and nerine. The poison of oleander so powerful, that it can poison the human body even on ingestion of the honey made by the bees that consumed oleander nectar. Even though it is noxious in nature, Oleander plants are used for decorative purposes because of it a lovely fragrance.

Cicuta or Water Hemlock

Primarily found in the marshy areas of America, Cicuta, commonly known as Water Hemlock, contains a poisonous toxin, cicutoxin, in its roots. Unfortunately, the white roots of Cicuta are often mistaken for the parsnip. The chemical cicutoxin causes nausea, cramps, vomiting and muscle tremors. People survive the cicutoxin suffer from long-term health conditions, such as amnesia. Ingestion of this plant material can cause death in the animal within 15 minutes of consumption.

Abrus Precatorius or Rosary Pea

The beautiful red and black colored seeds, of rosary pea plant popularly known as rosary prayer beads, are widely known for making imported jewelry.  These beautiful seeds contain the poison abrin, however, the seeds are absolutely safe until they are broken or the outer coating is damaged. Each pea of the pod contains approximately 2.5 milligrams of abrin, which is sufficient to kill a human. Abrin inhibits protein synthesis by bonding with the plasma membranes. Symptoms of abrin poisoning include tough breathing, nausea, vomiting, fever, and fluid in the lungs. It also leads to dehydration and ends with the kidneys, liver, and spleen shutting down causing death within four days.

Atropa Belladonna or Deadly Nightshade

Atropa Belladonna, commonly known as ‘Deadly Nightshade’ grows to a height of 1.5 meters and can be recognized by its bell-shaped purple flowers and the dull, dark green leaves. The plant is completely safe for animals and birds, however deadly for human beings. Symptoms of Belladonna poisoning include dilated pupils, sensitivity to light, blurred vision, headaches, confusion, and convulsions. The deadly poison doses disturb the nervous system, rendering the nerve endings in involuntary muscle paralysis.

Castor Oil Plant

Castor plant contains the deadly toxin, ricin, found in high concentrations in the seed coating. Symptoms of castor poisoning include nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, internal bleeding, and kidney and circulation failure. Exposure to the dust is most common in areas where the beans are processed for commercial use.

Taxus Baccata or the English Yew

These plants are believed to be a symbol of the immortality of the soul and seen in plenty at church graveyards across Great Britain. The 22 meters giant trees contain poison in all of its parts except the bark. Consumption of the leaves and seeds can lead to dizziness, dry mouth, dilation of the pupils, weakness, irregular heart rhythm, and possibly death. It also possesses medicinal values, such as a cure for water elf disease and potential as an anti-tumor. Yew extract is used for Taxol, which inhibits the growth of cancer cells.

Ageratina Altissima or White Snakeroot

The white snakeroot is a shadow loving weed mostly found in the eastern and southern United State. The plant contains high levels dangerous toxic substance called trementol, which acts as a powerful poison for horses, goats, and sheep and symptoms poisoning include depression and lethargy, placement of hind feet close together or far apart, nasal discharge, excessive salivation, arched body posture, and rapid or difficulty breathing. In humans, the poisoning symptoms include bad breath, loss of appetite, listlessness, weakness, vague pains, muscle stiffness, vomiting, abdominal discomfort, severe constipation, coma, and possibly death.

Aconitum or Aconite

Aconite is a beautiful but poisonous plant that contains toxins in every part of it and is known to poison people who mistake its white carrot-like root for horseradish or some other herb. Its poisoning symptoms cause numbness, tingling, and cardiac problems as well. When ingested, the poison leads to a burning sensation in the mouth followed by increased salivation, vomiting, diarrhea, a tingling sensation in the skin, changes in blood pressure, heartbeat irregularities, coma, and sometimes even death.

Datura Stramonium or Jimsonweed

Jimsonweed or Datura with its pointed leaves and fruits looks scary itself. The parts of the plant contain toxic alkaloids with hallucinogenic properties that can cause hospitalization and death when consumed in high dosage. Even beautiful white or lavender trumpet-shaped flower of Datura also contains the poisonous toxins atropine and scopolamine. It is also widely known for its medicinal values such as relieving asthma symptoms and as an analgesic during surgery or bone-setting.

Hippomane Mancinella or Machineel

Manchineel or the ‘little apple of death’ found in plenty Found across the Florida Everglades, Central America, and the Caribbean. Its white sap can cause damage, including rashes, skin irritation, coughing, loss of voice, etc. These tiny apple-like fruits, if ingested, can cause blisters in the mouth, swell the throat to shut it off, and even cause gastrointestinal problems.

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EDITOR'S PICK

Amazing Sundarban Forest!!!

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The Sundarbans is a mangrove forest spans across the borders of India and Bangladesh. It is a delta formed by the confluence of Brahmaputra, Ganges and Meghna Rivers in the Bay of Bengal. The forest is extends from the Hooghly River in India’s state of West Bengal to the Baleswar River in Bangladesh. The Sundarbans are comprised of wide variety of flora and fauna which attracts millions of tourist from all over the world.

Apart from its incredible beauty and wildness there are also other amazing facts.

It is the largest Mangrove forest in the world. The tremendous growth of mangrove is due to the coastal water around the Sundarbans. 40% of the mangrove forest comes under India, while rest of the forest comes under Bangladesh. It is also considered to be the UNESCO World heritage site.

Sundarbans (India) is ten times bigger than the city of Venice. Encompassing 4000 sq. km, the Sundarbans Forest in India has 102 islands, out of which 54 are inhabited and rest of the area is covered with the forest.

The dense mangrove forests are home to the royal Bengal tigers. It is believed that Sundarban has the largest number of royal Bengal tigers in the world.

The name Sundarban has been given after a mangrove tree that is named as Sundari which in Hindi means beautiful. That is why Sundarban is considered to be as a very beautiful place.

As declared by the Fishery Board of India, Sundarban is the largest Biosphere Reserve in India because of its brackish water fish production and marine fisheries.

There is a village called widow village in Sundarban, which is home to India’s resilient Tiger Widows.

Sundarban is also famous for its night safaris due to the Phytoplanktons, the small micro-organisms that reflect light in the dark new moon.

So, these are a few facts that we have tried to present you; however, there are many more other amazing facts about Sundarban.

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EDITOR'S PICK

In the Memory of Padma Bhushan Shri Harivansh Rai Bachchan

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Shri Harivansh Rai Bachchan’s writings are considered as great milestones in Hindi literature which needs no introduction. He was a rebellious Indian poet noted for the Nayi Kavita literary movement in early 20th century.  He was born in a Hindu Kayastha family, in Allahabad in the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh, in British India. He was also a poet of the Hindi Kavi Sammelan.

In 1976, he was honored with the Padma Bhushan, the third highest award for his contribution to Hindi literature. He had incorporated vocabulary from several languages, including Awadhi, Hindi, and Urdu, which were considered as Hindustani language during that time.

Let’s check of his best poems below,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

These evergreen compositions will always remain with us.

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Bollywood

The Sultan of Music: Adnan Sami

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Adnan Sami is one of the best & most underrated singers of Bollywood we have ever seen. He is a musician, pianist, and actor who performs Indian as well as western music, mostly in Bollywood movies. His most remarkable musical instrument is the piano. He is considered as the first person to play Indian classical music on the piano in a way he created through the Santoor.

Some of his best songs are –

Born in London to a Pakistani diplomat, Arshad Sami Khan and Naureen from Jammu & Kashmir of North India, Adnan has been titled as “Sultan of Music” by The Times of India.

Adnan is also known for playing over 35 musical instruments.

His first single was in English, Run for his life, recorded for UNICEF and released in 1986. It was ranked No. 1 in the music charts in the Middle East followed by three more No. 1s: Talk To Me, Hot Summer Day and You’re My Best Kept Secret.

With the song Aye Udi Udi in the movie Saathiya (2002), he got an opportunity to work with A. R. Rahman.

In 2000, Adnan joined with Asha Bhosle on the album named Kabhi to Nazar Milao in India. Composed by Adnan, the album became an instant hit and had topped the indie-pop charts in early 2000.

His second album was Tera Chehra, released in October 2002. The album featured Rani Mukerji in the title track and Amitabh Bachchan in another track “Kabhi Nahi”, who also sang the duet with Adnan.

Hope you will like this collection of Adnan Sami’s best songs.

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EDITOR'S PICK

Ten things we should do to SAVE EARTH

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Today the environment has become a serious concern as the wrath of Mother Nature clearly indicates the consequences of being irresponsible and careless towards the environment for centuries.

Now people have come forward to save the earth by practicing even little things every day that can really help in reducing carbon footprints, greenhouse gases and conserving the environment.
Therefore let’s go green by practicing below ten things.

1. Follow 3R rule.

Reduce, reuse, and recycle are the three things that we need to pay attention to our everyday life. Reducing, reusing or recycling daily household trash can significantly reduce pollution.
Cultivate a habit of throwing household waste in separate garbage-bins per them, so that these waste materials can be reused or recreated. Also, we should use products that come with minimal packaging. This little practice in our day to day life is the first step towards conservation of natural resources and landfill space.

2. Volunteer yourself for cleaning up your society or surroundings.

Avoid throwing any waste on roads or in your surroundings further.

3. Educate people.

Bring awareness among people by educating them on environmental pollution and help them to understand the value and importance of our natural resources.

4. Save water.

Water is the most important natural resource and minimum use of water has become one of the biggest challenges that we are facing nowadays. Statistically, 65 percent of the daily usage of water is used in the bathroom. This can be minimized by taking shorter showers instead of taking a bath. Try not to leave the tap running while brushing your teeth.

5. Go for sustainable eating habits.

Food production is a major reason for the extinction of wildlife. Our eating habits are responsible for almost 60% of global biodiversity loss. Therefore, adopting a plant-based diet instead of a meat-dominated diet can minimize the impact on the environment.

6. Shop mindfully.

Try to buy less plastic products or materials and make a habit of using reusable shopping bags.

7. Save energy.

Usage of long-lasting or energy-efficient light bulbs will minimize greenhouse gas emissions. Also make sure to switch off the lights, fans, coolers or ACs while leaving the room.

8. Plant a tree.

We all know that trees provide food and oxygen. Afforestation helps save energy, clean the air, and help combat climate change. Therefore, try to plant more and more trees in your surroundings.

9. Don’t throw chemicals into the natural water bodies.

Try to use non-toxic chemicals in the home and office.

10. Drive less.

Try to share vehicles or carpool whenever possible. Go for public transports more often or ride a bicycle to work, school, and supermarket. In this way, we can help in reducing emission and it will also help us economically.

If we can practice these simple things every day, it can help in reducing the global consequences and make a big transformation in the long run.

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Beverages

10 local alcoholic beverages of India

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There is something more exotic and homely about the local alcoholic beverages, especially in India. The charisma of desi daaru is unique and outstanding. Here, we present you a list of desi daaru or local alcoholic beverages found in diverse regions of the country.

#1

Bhaang

Considered as Lord Shiva’s Elixir, Bhang is the most common local beverage to get high. Popular in the northern parts of the nation, it is prepared by crushing the marijuana leaves to make a paste and combining the paste with milk, mangoes, ghee, and certain spices to get the bhang.

#2

Chhaang

Chhang is the local liquor of Ladakh and North-East region of India. It is a barley-based alcoholic beverage, also called as the ‘hot beer’. Chhaang is prepared and consumed by the local people for centuries on almost all the socio-cultural activities celebrated in Ladakh.

#3

Feni

Most popular local drink of Goa, Feni needs no introduction. Feni is prepared from cashew apple or coconut by fermenting it for four days. The beverage is used in cocktails as well to get unique taste and flavor. It is one of the cheapest options in Goa and has a major market share in Goa.

#4

Gudamba

A local beverage of Hyderabad that contains high alcohol content and caution is advised before its intake. The Gudamba is prepared from the sugarcane or raw Jaggery and few Indian spices. These ingredients are left for fermentation for a few days in homemade earthen containers to form Gudumba.

#5
Bangla

Bangla is the alcoholic beverage of West Bengal which is also offered to the Goddess Durga Maa during festivals. This local alcoholic drink is prepared by fermenting cooked rice for many days and tastes brilliantly strong.

#6
Handia

Handia also is known as Hadiya is a desi or local alcohol of Bihar, Chattisgarh, Jharkhand, and Uttar Pradesh. Considered as local beer prepared by fermenting the boiled rice with a mix of about 20-25 herbs that act as fermenting agents.

#7
Zawlaidi

Zawlaidi is a famous local wine in Mizoram that contains 11-14 percent of alcohol. This mild alcohol is prepared from locally produced grapes and cheaper than other options available in the state. Its bubbly taste makes it a unique drink as compared to other alcoholic beverages in the state.

#8
Mahua

Mahua is prepared from the desiccated Mahua flowers, commonly found in abundant Mahua trees in jungles of Andhra Pradesh, Orissa, Bihar, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, and West Bengal. The drink is made by fermenting flowers that grow on the tree. The beverage is highly intoxicating and should not be consumed in large portions.

#9
Lugdi

A mild and refreshing local drink prepared and consumed in Manali, Himachal Pradesh. The beverage is prepared by fermenting rice or barley.

#10
Toddy

Very popular alcohol prepared and consumed in Kerala, Toddy is one of the easiest beverages to make in the coastal areas. All it needs is to collect the flowers of the coconut trees and extract the juice from it and ferment to form a mildly alcoholic beverage with 5-10 percent of alcoholic content.

Hope you liked it. Cheers!!!

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Bollywood

Pakistani Singers who earned Fame in India

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Once the king of pops MJ had said, “I love great music. It has no color, no boundary”.

Music is a universal medium that connects people, their hearts and souls. People love their favorite singers regardless of the nation they belong to. There are many talented singers Pakistan has produced who have found more fame in India than their native home.

So here are the 10 Pakistani singers who found fame in India.

These Pakistani singers have won millions of hearts and found fame and appreciation in India.

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EDITOR'S PICK

The City of joy: Puri

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God has created the earth for all of us, but the almighty has kind enough to leave the traces of his benevolence presence on the religious and sanctimonious country, India in the form four dhams for the Hindus across the length and breadth of the nation. The Char Dham is a set of four pilgrimage sites in India. Vaishnavite Hindus believe that visiting these sites helps achieve “Moksha” (salvation). It comprises Badrinath, Dwaraka, Puri and Rameswaram.

The city of joy,Puri has a long and illustrious history to attract the pilgrimages pan across the India as well as the world. According to Cunningham, the ancient name of this town was Charitra, mentioned by the Chinese piligrim Hiuen Tsang as Che-li-ta-lo. But the restoration of the word Che-li-ta-lo as Charitra and its identification with the town of Puri are open to doubt. The importance of the town as a seat of Vaisnavism increased when Chodaganga Deva constructed the temple of Purusottama Jagannath and installed the images of the deities. Thereafter, it became famous as the abode of Purusottama and was popularly called Purusottama Kshetra. The name Purusottama Kshetra was also for sometime known as Purusottama Puri and as the word Purusottama Kshetra was contracted into Kshetra or Chhatra, so also Purusottama Puri was expressed in the contracted form, Puri.

It is one of the most sacred pilgrim centres for the Hindus in the country, and is also referred to as Jagannath (Lord of the Universe) owing to the famous Jagannath temple located here. Situated along the coast of Bay of Bengal in the state of Orissa. Apart from lord Jagannath temple . An ideal weekend getaway for those living in the city of Kolkata and the other neighbouring towns and cities, Puri happens to be one of the most popular beach destinations in the eastern part of the country. Thronged by pilgrims and beach-loving tourists in equal numbers, Puri is a place which has a unique blend of both religious significance and the bucolic beauty of the indented beach. Two of these things together make Puri one of the most popular beach destinations in the eastern part of the country.

The Jagannath  Temple

The Shree Jagannath Temple of Puri is an important Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Jagannath, a form of Lord Maha Vishnu, located on the eastern coast of India, at Puri in the state of Odisha. The temple is an important pilgrimage destination. The present temple was rebuilt from the 10th century onwards, on the site of an earlier temple, and begun by King Anantavarman Chodaganga Deva, first of the Eastern Ganga dynasty.

The Puri temple is famous for its annual Ratha Yatra, or chariot festival, in which the three principal deities are pulled on huge and elaborately decorated temple cars. These gave their name to the English term Juggernaut. Unlike the stone and metal icons found in most Hindu temples, the image of Jagannath is made of wood and is ceremoniously replaced every twelve or nineteen years by an exact replica. Jagannath, Balabhadra and Subhadra are a trio of deities worshipped at the temple. The inner sanctum of the temple contains statues of these three Gods carved from sacred neem logs known as Daru sitting on the bejeweled platform or ratnabedi, along with statues of Sudarshana Chakra, Madanmohan, Sridevi and Vishwadhatri. The deities are adorned with different clothing and jewels according to the season. Worship of these deities pre-dates the building of the temple and may have originated in an ancient tribal shrine.

The huge temple complex covers an area of over 400,000 square feet (37,000 m2) and is surrounded by a high fortified wall. This 20 feet (6.1 m) high wall is known as Meghanada Pacheri. Another wall known as kurma bedha surrounds the main temple. It contains at least 120 temples and shrines. With its sculptural richness and fluidity of the Oriya style of temple architecture, it is one of the most magnificent monuments of India. The temple has four distinct sectional structures, namely –

  1. Deula, Vimana or Garba griha (Sanctum sanctorum) where the triad deities are lodged on the ratnavedi (Throne of Pearls). In Rekha Deula style;
  2. Mukhashala (Frontal porch);
  3. Nata mandir/Natamandapa, which is also known as the Jagamohan (Audience Hall/Dancing Hall), and
  4. Bhoga Mandapa (Offerings Hall).

The main temple is a curvilinear temple and crowning the top is the ‘srichakra’ (an eight-spoked wheel) of Vishnu. Also known as the “Nilachakra”, it is made out of Ashtadhatu and is considered sacrosanct. Among the existing temples in Orissa, the temple of Shri Jagannath is the highest. The temple tower was built on a raised platform of stone and, rising to 214 feet (65 m) above the inner sanctum where the deities reside, dominates the surrounding landscape. The pyramidal roofs of the surrounding temples and adjoining halls, or mandapas, rise in steps toward the tower like a ridge of mountain peaks.

Nila Chakra

The Nila Chakra (Blue Discus) is the discus mounted on the top Shikhar of the Jagannath Temple. As per custom, every day a different flag is waved on the Nila Chakra. The flag hoisted on the Nila Cakra is called the Patita Pavana (Purifier of the Fallen) and is equivalent to the image of the deities placed in the sanctum sanctorum.

The Nila Chakra is a disc with eight Navagunjaras carved on the outer circumference, with all facing towards the flagpost above. It is made of an alloy of eight metals (Asta-dhatu) and is 3.5 Metres (11 feet and 8 inches) high with a circumference of about 11 meters (36 feet). During the year 2010, the Nila Chakra was repaired and restored by the Archaeological Survey of India. The Nila Chakra is distinct from the Sudarshana chakra which has been placed with the deities in the inner Sanctorum.

Nila Chakra is the most revered iconic symbol in the Jagannath cult. The Nila Chakra is the only physical object whose markings are used as a sacrament and considered sacred in Jagannath worship. It symbolizes protection by Shri Jagannath.

The Singhadwara

The Singhadwara in 1870 showing the Lion sculptures with the Aruna Stambha Pillar in the foreground. The Singahdwara, which in Sanskrit means The Lion Gate, is one of the four gates to the temple and forms the Main entrance. The Singhadwara is so named because two huge statues of crouching lions exist on either side of the entrance. The gate faces east opening on to the Bada Danda or the Grand Road. The Baisi Pahacha or the flight of twenty-two steps leads into the temple complex. An idol of Jagannath known as Patitapavana, which in Sanskrit, means the “Saviour of the downtrodden and the fallen” is painted on the right side of the entrance. In ancient times when untouchables were not allowed inside the temple, they could pray to Patita Pavana. The statues of the two guards to the temple Jaya and Vijaya stand on either side of the doorway. Just before the commencement of the Rath Yatra the idols of Jagannath, Balabhadra and Subhadra are taken out of the temple through this gate.

Other Entrances

The Ashwadwara Gate

Apart from the Singhadwara, which is the main entrance to the temple, there are three other entrances facing north, south, and west. They are named after the sculptures of animals guarding them. The other entrances are the Hathidwara or the Elephant Gate, the Vyaghradwara or the Tiger Gate and the Ashwadwara or the Horse Gate.

Minor Temples

A cluster of minor temples in the southern part of Jagannath temple complex, including the Vimala Temple.

There are numerous smaller temples and shrines within the Temple complex where active worship is regularly conducted. The Vimala Temple (Bimala Temple) is considered one of the most important of the Shaktipeeths marks the spot where the Goddess Sati’s navel fell. It is located near Rohini Kund in the temple complex. Until food offered to Jagannath is offered to Goddess Vimala it is not considered Mahaprasad.

The temple of Mahalakshmi has an important role in rituals of the main temple. It is said that preparation of naivedya as an offering for Jagannath is supervised by Mahalakshmi. The Kanchi Ganesh Temple is dedicated to Uchchhishta Ganapati. Tradition says the King of Kanchipuram (Kanchi) in ancient times gifted the idol when Gajapati Purushottama Deva married Padmavati, the kanchi princess. There are other shrines namely Muktimandap, Surya, Saraswati, Bhuvaneshwari, Narasimha, Rama, Hanuman, and Eshaneshwara.

The Mandapas

There are many Mandapas or Pillared halls on raised platforms within the temple complex meant for religious congregations. The most prominent is the Mukti Mandapa the congregation hall of the holy seat of selected learned Brahmins. Here important decisions regarding the conduct of daily worship and festivals are taken. The Dola Mandapa is noteworthy for a beautifully carved stone Torana or arch which is used for constructing a swing for the annual Dol Yatra festival. During the festival, the idol of Dologobinda is placed on the swing. The Snana Bedi is a rectangular stone platform where idols of Jagannath, Balabhadra, and Subhadra are placed for ceremonial bathing during the annual Snana Yatra.

Astonishing facts about Jagannath Temple in Puri

Jagannath, Balabhadra and Subhadra are a trio of deities worshipped at the temple. The inner sanctum of the temple contains statues of these three Gods carved from sacred neem logs known as Daru sitting on the bejeweled platform or ratnabedi, along with statues of Sudarshana Chakra, Madanmohan, Sridevi and Vishwadhatri. The deities are adorned with different clothing and jewels according to the season. Worship of these deities pre-dates the building of the temple and may have originated in an ancient tribal shrine.

It took three generations worth of time and effort to brick up the humongous walls of the famous Puri’s Jagannath Temple located in Odisha. The temple is of utmost importance to the Hindu devotees as it is one of the Char-Dham Pilgrimages. It also serves as a mighty historical structure built about millennia ago, in the year 1078. Millions of people visit Odisha to gain Lord Jagannath blessings.
The temple is famous for its annual Rath Yatra which is witnessed by millions as the three colossal chariots carry the deities. The English word Juggernaut shares its origin from this annual parade. But that’s not the sole specialty of the place! Some enigmatic activities without any scientific explanations have caught the travelers eye worldwide. Here are some of these mind-boggling facts –
1. Defying Nature’s Code of Conduct

Even a child knows any piece of cloth is dominated by the wind to fly according to its course. The same principle has numerous applications; from the giant sails on your ship to a small flag in your hand all follow the same code. But it looks like the flag mounted on the top of the Jagannath Temple is a unique exception to the principle. This particular flag flows in the opposite direction to the wind’s course without any scientific background to back it up.

2. The Climb

Every day a priest scrambles the walls of the temple with a height equivalent to that of a 45 storey building, to change the flag atop the temple dome. This ritual dates far back to the day the temple was built. The practice is done with bare hands without any protective gear. It’s believed if the ritual is skipped one day from the calendar, the temple will be shut down for a long 18 years. This might make the professional climbers jealous.

3. Light with no darkness

A necessary detail while sketching anything is shading. Shading happens when sunlight glows one part of the subject leaving a shadow on the other, which ultimately triggers shade. But, what if something has no shadow?
The temple is reported to have no shadow at all, at any time of the day from any directions possible. Could it be an architectural marvel or the Lord Jagannath’s message to humanity?

  1. The Riddle of the Sudarshan Chakra

There are two mysteries present at the pinnacle of the temple in the form of the Sudarshan Chakra. The first oddity revolves around the theory of how the hard metal weighing about a tonne, just got up there without any machinery just with a human force of that century.
The second is one deal with the architectural technique related to the Chakra. From every direction you look, the Chakra looks back with the same appearance. It’s like it was designed to look just the same from every direction.

5. Nothing’s above God, so nothing flies above it either

The sky is the bird domain. We see birds sitting, resting and flying above our heads and rooftops all the time. But, this particular area is restricted, not even a single bird is encountered above the temple dome, even an airplane could not be seen hovering above the temple. Might be because Lord Jagannath doesn’t want the view of his holy mansion to be disturbed!

  1. The Food is never futile here

In Hindu mythology, wasting food is considered a bad sign; the Temple crew follows the same.  A total number of people visiting the temple varies between 2,000 to 2, 00,000 people every day. Miraculously, the Parsadam prepared every day is never wasted, not even a bite. Could this be effective management or the Lord’s will?

7. Mute water

Seconds, after you put the first step inside the temple from Singha Dwara entrance, the audibility to the ocean waves is entirely lost. This phenomenon is more prominent in the evening time. Again, no scientific explanation adds up to this fact. The sound returns when you leave the temple.
According to the local lore, it was the will of the Subhadra Mayi, the sister of the two lords who wished for serenity within the temple gates. Hence her will was duly fulfilled.

8. Reverse gear of the breeze

Take any place on Earth, on daytime the breeze from the sea comes to land and the opposite happens in the evening. But, in Puri, the breeze has a tendency to contradict and opt for the exact opposite direction. In the daytime, the breeze blows from land to sea and the opposite in the evening happens.

 9. Magical methods to cook

The traditional way to cook the Parsadam is preserved by the priests here. Exactly seven pots are used as vessels mounted over one another and are cooked using firewood. Enchantingly, the top most pot is cooked first, and the rest follows the same order!

  1. Deities Disintegration

The deities are buried from every 14 to 18 years, one above another, replaced by new ones. These deities are made up of neem wood and are believe to be disintegrated on their own.

 

  1. The Rath Yatra

The Rath Yatra is an annual parade in which the deities are carried outside the temple on 2 set of chariots (3 each). The first chariot carries the deities till the river which separates the Jagannath Temple and the Mausi Maa temple. After that, the idols are boarded in 3 boats to cross the river. Now the second chariot comes in play. It carries the deities from the river to the Mausi Maa Temple where the ritual takes place.

The beautiful beach

The bucolic beautiful beach has lots to offer visitors to attract them. The fun and frolic and excitement and enthusiasm among the sightseers about the protracted and salubrious beach definitely going to leave an indelible scar on the memory down the line. It is said that by taking the bath at Mahodadhi literally means great ocean or sea to purge all the papas or sins and help in rejuvenating the pilgrims.

Other attractions of Puri

Apart from the Lord Jagannath temple and beach, other prominent places which create attractions are Gundicha temple, Loknath temple, Narendra Sarovar, Markendsavara temple, Shree Gaur Vihar Ashram and many others.

The city is well connected by rail and bus transportation and besides that, it is only 60 km away from the capital of Odisha, Bhubaneswar. The boarders can easily fetch luxurious and sophisticated hotels to spend their time and for relaxations.

To conclude and to be candid the splendor and grandeur of the Puri temple accompanied by the gigantic almighty Lord Jagannath give immense personal gratification for the present and rest of the life for the pilgrims. The pilgrim must visit once in the life to get the chance glimpse of all-mighty to find the route to satisfaction and salvation.

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