England’s national poet, William Shakespeare (1564 –1616) is considered as the greatest writer and dramatist in the English language. Though Shakespeare is well known for his plays, his poetry also remains to be popular. He contributed two long narrative poems, published in the 1590s, along with a few other verses. In 1609, for the first time, Shakespeare’s collection of 154 sonnets was published. It is said that almost all the sonnets contain three quatrains, or four-line stanzas, followed by a final couplet. This form is known as Shakespearean Sonnet.
Let’s try to know more about the poetry of William Shakespeare through his ten most renowned poems including famous sonnets.
#10 THE RAPE OF LUCRECE
Lucretia was an ancient Roman woman who was raped by the king’s son and committed suicide. The incident led to an anti-monarchist rebellion and thus played a part in the transition of ancient Rome from monarchy to a republic in late 6th century BC. The Rape of Lucrece is a 1,855 lines tragic narrative poem about the rape of Lucretia by the king’s son, Sextus Tarquinius, and the repercussion of the incident.
When they had sworn to this advised doom,
They did conclude to bear dead Lucrece thence;
To show her bleeding body thorough Rome,
And so to publish Tarquin’s foul offence:
Which being done with speedy diligence,
The Romans plausibly did give consent
To Tarquin’s everlasting banishment.
#9 THE PHOENIX AND THE TURTLE
The Phoenix and the Turtle is a symbolic poem about the death of ideal love. The poem defines a funeral arranged for the dead Phoenix and Turtledove, who are symbols of perfection and of devoted love, respectively. It has been thought to allude to various things including the extinction of the Tudor monarchy; and the phoenix being Elizabeth I and the turtle-dove representing her lover, the second Earl of Essex.
Truth may seem but cannot be;
Beauty brag but ’tis not she;
Truth and beauty buried be.
#8 SONNET 20
Alternate Title: A woman’s face with Nature’s own hand painted
Sonnets 1 to 126 of Shakespeare’s collection of 154 sonnets are addressed to an unnamed young man who is now referred to as “Fair Youth”; while the Sonnets 127 to 154 are known as the Dark Lady sequence as they are addressed to a woman who appears to be a brunette. Sonnet 20 describes the Fair Youth as “master-mistress” of the poet’s passion. The speaker proclaims that his beloved possesses a woman’s physical attractiveness and the form of a man. Sonnet 20 is one of the most controversial poems of Shakespeare for several reasons including its sexual duality and its homoeroticism.
A woman’s face with Nature’s own hand painted
Hast thou, the master-mistress of my passion;
A woman’s gentle heart, but not acquainted
With shifting change, as is false women’s fashion;
#7 SONNET 1
Alternate Title: From fairest creatures we desire increase
In the first quatrain of Sonnet 1, the speaker praises the beauty of his beloved and expresses his desire for his beloved to procreate. In the second quatrain, he scolds the young man for being too self-involved to consider procreation; while in the third, he warns his beloved that his beauty will fade. Shakespeare ends the sonnet with the couplet in which he says to his beloved to not deprive the world of his beauty. Sonnet 1 is important as it sets the tone for the entire collection and also the first mini-sequence of 17 poems, which are referred to as “procreation” sonnets as they each urge the young man to bear children.
From fairest creatures we desire increase,
That thereby beauty’s rose might never die,
But as the riper should by time decease,
His tender heir might bear his memory:
#6 SONNET 73
Alternate Title: That time of year thou mayst in me behold
Sonnet 73 focuses on the theme of old age and its effect on human beings. Shakespeare uses a series of metaphors to characterize the nature of old age. In the first quatrain, he equates it to the fading of life like in late autumn; in the second quatrain, he likens it to the fading of light calling darkness “death’s second self”; and in the last quatrain, he compares it to the burning out of the fire. In the couplet, the speaker addresses his beloved, expresses gratitude for his adoration in spite of the physical deterioration of the speaker and tells him “To love that well which thou must leave ere long”. Sonnet 73 is regarded among Shakespeare’s most beautifully crafted poems and is one of the most famous of his 154 sonnets.
In me thou see’st the glowing of such fire,
That on the ashes of his youth doth lie,
As the death-bed whereon it must expire,
Consum’d with that which it was nourish’d by.
#5 VENUS AND ADONIS
Probably Shakespeare’s first publication, this poem narrates the story in Greek mythology of Venus, the Goddess of Love, and Adonis, an extremely handsome young man. Enamored by Adonis, Venus tries to seduce him though Adonis is only interested in hunting. She faints when he scornfully rejects her and fearing he has killed her, Adonis kisses Venus. She recovers and they kiss again. The next day Adonis goes out for boar hunting even though Venus has had a vision of him being killed by a boar. The vision comes true and Venus is devastated. Due to what happened to her, from then on, whenever humans will love, there will always be suspicion, fear, and sadness. Among Shakespeare’s most renowned works, Venus and Adonis contains discourses on the nature of love and brilliantly described observations of nature.
It shall be cause of war and dire events,
And set dissension ‘twixt the son and sire;
Subject and servile to all discontents,
As dry combustious matter is to fire:
Sith in his prime Death doth my love destroy,
They that love best their loves shall not enjoy
#4 SONNET 29
Alternate Title: When, in disgrace with fortune and men’s eyes
In the octave of Sonnet 29, the speaker is depressed due to social ostracism (“my outcast state“) and personal misfortune (“curse my fate“). He also gives vent to his jealousy of those that are “rich in hope” and “with friends possess’d”. The sestet of the sonnet begins with “Yet” and takes a brighter tone as the speaker feels better upon thinking of his beloved. It ends with the couplet, “For thy sweet love remembered such wealth brings; That then I scorn to change my state with kings.” Sonnet 29 breaks away from traditional sonnets due to its different structure and because the speaker, due to his lack of self-worth, is unable to present a solution in the sestet.
When, in disgrace with fortune and men’s eyes,
I all alone beweep my outcast state,
And trouble deaf heaven with my bootless cries,
And look upon myself and curse my fate,
#3 SONNET 130
Alternate Title: My mistress’ eyes are nothing like the sun
Sonnet 130 satirizes the concept of ideal beauty that was a convention of literature and art during the time. It compares the poet’s mistress to a number of natural beauties; each time making a point that the beauty of his mistress in obviously inadequate for such comparisons. In the last couplet of the poem, Shakespeare states that still his beloved is as special as any beauty for whom such fanciful comparisons are made by artists. He writes, “And yet, by heaven, I think my love as rare; As any she belied with false compare“. Sonnet 130 is renowned for mocking flowery courtly sonnets.
I have seen roses damask’d, red and white,
But no such roses see I in her cheeks;
And in some perfumes is there more delight
Than in the breath that from my mistress reeks.
#2 SONNET 116
Alternate Title: Let me not to the marriage of true minds
This often-quoted sonnet provides the definition of ideal love. In the first quatrain, the speaker says that love is not changeable; in the second he says that it is fixed like the north star is to sailors; in the third he says that it not a “Time’s fool”, that it does not change with time; and in the couplet he attests to the certainty of his definition of love by saying, “If this be error and upon me proved; I never writ, nor no man ever loved.” Sonnet 116 is regarded among the finest in Shakespeare’s entire sequence of 154 sonnets and it is one of the most famous poems written on love.
Love’s not Time’s fool, though rosy lips and cheeks
Within his bending sickle’s compass come;
Love alters not with his brief hours and weeks,
But bears it out even to the edge of doom.
#1 SONNET 18
Alternate Title: Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?
Shakespeare starts Sonnet 18 with a flattering question to the beloved: “Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?” He goes on to list some negative aspects of summer to establish that his beloved is better. In the last part of the poem, he states that the beauty of his beloved will never fade as he will make it eternal though the words of this poem which will remind the world of him “so long as men can breathe or eyes can see“. Sonnet 18 is the most famous poem written by William Shakespeare and among the most renowned sonnets ever written.
But thy eternal summer shall not fade
Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow’st;
Nor shall Death brag thou wander’st in his shade,
When in eternal lines to time thou grow’st;
So long as men can breathe or eyes can see,
So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.
*Thanks to learnodo-newtonic.com for sharing the facts.
10 poems of Tagore that capture the beauty of true love
Rabindranath Tagore is regarded as the greatest poet and writer in modern Indian literature. The Bengali poet was not only one of the greatest novelists and educators in India but also a Nobel Laureate for Literature (1913). In 1915, Tagore was awarded as the knighthood; however, he surrendered the award in 1919 in protest against the Jallianwala Bagh massacre, where British troops killed around 400 Indian activists.
Tagore experimented with many poetic forms in his writing but many of his works have lost in translations into other languages. Tagore was the first Indian to introduce psychological realism to his novels.
Here are some of the best Rabindranath Tagore Love Poems:
“If you cry because the sun has gone out of your life, your tears will prevent you from seeing the stars.”
― Rabindranath Tagore
PLASTIC BOTTLES: Let’s recycle, repurpose and reuse…
Nearly 80% of the plastic bottles used and thrown every day become non-bio degradable litter that takes a huge toll on environmental health. Of course, it is more convenient to sip the drink straight from plastic bottles however the plastic litter accumulated from the same acts as toxic pollutants which cause water, land, and air pollution.
So, reusing and repurposing of plastic bottles is an excellent way to contribute to saving the environment from getting polluted. It is a surprising fun to repurpose, redesign and reuse the plastic bottles. Let’s check that below.
#1 Zipper Case for stationery items
Transform the old plastic bottles into sturdy and useful zipper cases that will help to organize the office stationeries or art and craft supplies. This is also a fun-filled craft idea for kids.
#2 Piggy Bottle Bank
A cute piggy bank not only encourages kids to save also it inspires them to learn about recycling. All it needs is a cut on the bottle appropriately and lots of fun in creating super cute designs on the bottle to make it an adorable piggy bank.
#3 Vertical Hanging Garden
This is a rare but excellent idea for growing small leafy vegetables and herbs. A plastic bottle vertical garden is designed by looping the bottles horizontally along an interior wall or balcony. Here are some interesting ideas for a plastic bottle vertical garden.
#4 Amazing Jewelry Stand
A beautiful jewelry stand from plastic bottles looks great and can hold and hang tons of small jewelry items. And it doesn’t even take long to make as you have to just cut the bottoms of plastic bottles, then fix a metallic rod through them and see your craft transforms into a beautiful jewelry organizer.
#5 Tiny Snack Bowls
Transform the discarded plastic bottles into an unbreakable snack or dry fruit bowls for a small kitty party or family get together. Cut the bottom of the plastic bottle then use a hot iron to flatten and smooth out its edges and here is a pretty bowl all set for you. You can make it fancier by putting additional decoration to the tiny bowls.
Happy DIY 😊😇😊
Secret cooking tips for Indian kitchen….
#1 — Never forget to add a pinch of salt while boiling potatoes. It helps in peeling or removing the skin easily.
#2 — Dip paneer in warm salt water for 10 – 15 minutes prior to adding it into the gravy. This softens the paneer and helps in absorbing the gravy.
#3 — Always cook the ingredients in an order to make the dish appetizing and tasty. For example, onions should go first in the oil, then garlic and then ginger and tomato as each veggie has its own cooking time.
#4 — In order to retain the bright green color of peas add a pinch of sugar before boiling or cooking.
#5 — Add a teaspoon of oil while cooking dal to avoid frothing and spilling all over.
#6 — Use heavy bottom pan or vessel for cooking upma or kheer. Heavy based pan prevents food from burning.
#7 — To make the puris crunchy and crispier add 2 to 3 tablespoon rava or semolina to the wheat flour while kneading.
#8 — To separate the strings of noodles or pasta from each other keep it under running cold water for 2 to 3 minutes, immediately after boiling. Hot and cold water treatment prevents the noodle strand from sticking to each other.
#9 — To make ‘a day old’ muffin fresh, sprinkle few drops of water on it and put the muffins in a paper bag and microwave for 10 seconds. Steam revives the moisture content of day-old muffins.
#10 — It is advised to add 1 to 2 teaspoon of canola oil while melting chocolate in order to keep it smooth. This makes it easy to dip or drizzle
Ghal-e-Ishq: EverIshqeen Top 10 Couplets of Mirza Ghalib
Mirza Ghalib was one of the eminent poets in India during the last years of the Mughal Era. He is best known for his Urdu ghazals and many Persian poems. He was the last poet of the Mughal Empire towards its decline phase. Mirza was born as Mirza Asadullah Baig Khan on 27th December 1797 in Kala Mahal, Agra. His two pen-names were Ghalib, which means “dominant” and Asad which means “lion”. Few of his honorific work include Dabir-ul-Mulk and Najm-ud-Daula.
His lyrics on love, life and loss continue to enlighten and calm our heart and soul. Let’s see a few of his timeless shayaris which makes us feel the human emotions. Here we go…
Tyres never get tired: Brilliant Ideas For Recycling Tyres!!!!
Are you aware that every year one tire is discarded per person? In Europe, only half of the discarded care tires are recycled and rest is burned or simply thrown. Keeping this in mind I have come up with great ideas to transform the unwanted tires into useful items. Let’s learn.
An old tire, wooden board, a jigsaw, acrylic paint, sandpaper and brush, pencil, measuring tape and rope.
Let’s do it:
Step 1: Measure the diameter of the tire.
Step 2: Draw a circle on the wooden board.
Cut the wooden board by using a jigsaw and polish the edges by using sandpaper. Then paint it on both sides. Use the same to cover the bottom of the tire.
Step 4: Paint the tire.
Apply a primer on the tire to seal the surface well to prevent it from cracking. Then paint the outside with the paint of your preferable color. Finally, place the cushion over the wood board.
You can also make a coffee table using the same method.
Not limited to sitting arrangements, tires can also be used as beautiful planters as below.
Another brilliant idea of using the old tires is making a cute cozy bed for your pets.
Happy DIY 🙂
Let’s make red cabbage more interesting!!!!
Red cabbage is a great source of vitamin C and K and its deep color are because of its high concentration of anthocyanin polyphenols, rich dietary antioxidants which possess anti-inflammatory properties that makes it even more nutritious as compared to green cabbage. It also contains anthocyanin which according to some studies helps to reduce the risk of cardiac disease, diabetes, and cancer to some extent. Its anti-oxidants also makes skin supple, clean and clear. Let us learn a few red cabbage recipes.
Potato Red Cabbage Tikki –
4 halved, boiled and peeled potatoes, 1 cup shredded red cabbage, 1/2 teaspoon coriander seeds, 1/2 teaspoon cumin seeds, 1 onion finely chopped, 1 green chili chopped, 1/4 teaspoon garam masala powder, 1 teaspoon red chili powder, 1 teaspoon dried mango or aamchur powder, salt to taste and oil for shallow frying.
1. Mix and mash well all the ingredients in a large bowl except oil.
2. Make equal sized balls (8-10) out the mixture prepared.
3. Slightly flatten them into round patty shapes.
4. Refrigerate the mixture patties 1 hour.
5. Roll these patties in breadcrumbs if you want
5. Heat a flat pan on medium flame and add oil to it.
6. Shallow fry the patties until they become golden brown.
7. Serve hot with your favorite ketchup or chutney.
Red Cabbage Zucchini Chana Dal –
1 cup red cabbage chopped, ½ cup zucchini roughly chopped into ½ inch pieces, ½ cup Bengal gram/chana dal, oil – 3 tbsp, ¾ cup finely chopped onion, 2 tbsp garlic finely chopped, 2-3 dried red chili, ½ tsp red chili powder , ¼ tsp garam masala powder, 1 cup tomatoes chopped, 1 tsp mustard seeds, 1 tsp cumin seeds, ¼ tsp turmeric powder, 2 tsp coriander powder, ¼ tsp pav bhaji masala, 1 tsp dried mango powder (aamchoor), pinch of asafetida, salt to taste and coriander leaves for garnishing.
1. Wash and soak chana dal in water for 45 minutes. Then drain the water and put it into a pressure cooker along with turmeric powder, a ½ cup of water and salt to taste. Pressure cook on a medium flame for 3 whistles.
2. Take a pan and heat oil over a high flame. Add asafetida, cumin seeds, mustard seeds, red chilies and let the seeds splutter.
3. Add chopped onions and garlic and saute until it becomes translucent.
4. Then add chopped red cabbage. Saute and mix well for 2 minutes. Then add zucchini to it and saute for another 2 minutes.
5. Now, add tomatoes, red chili powder, pav bhaji masala, coriander powder, dried mango powder and finally garam masala and mix well.
6. Then add cooked chana dal and saute for a few minutes until the gravy becomes thick.
7. Finally, garnish with fresh coriander leaves and serve hot with bread, roti, and rice.
Red Cabbage Stuffed Paratha –
For making the dough:
Two cups of wheat flour, a pinch of salt and water
For making the stuffing:
1 cup of red cabbage shredded, 1 finely chopped onion, coriander leaves, ½ tsp garam masala powder, ½ tsp red chili powder, ¼ tsp turmeric powder, 1 tbsp crushed ginger-garlic, 1/2 tsp cumin seeds , 1 chopped green chili, pinch of asafetida , salt to taste, 2 tbsp olive oil, 2 tbsp gram flour and oil for roasting paratha.
1. In a large bowl, mix flour, salt, water to make the dough. Knead it carefully to make a semi-soft dough. Then cover the dough with a moist cloth and keep aside.
2. In a pan heat oil and add cumin seeds and asafetida. Then add chopped onions into it once seeds splutter. Saute for 3-4 minutes and then add green chilies and crushed ginger-garlic to it.
3. Saute well for 2 minutes and add red cabbage, turmeric powder, red chili powder, and salt to taste.
4. Saute well for 3-4 minutes and add gram flour, garam masala powder and dried mango powder to it.
5. Mix well and cook for 6-7 minutes more and remove the stuffing from the pan and set aside to cool.
6. Divide the dough into 6-8 equal portion and make round balls.
7. Take a ball and roll out the dough into a round roti of 4-inch diameter. Apply a little oil, and place 1 tbsp of prepared red cabbage stuffing at the center of the circular dough.
8. Bring together all the sides in the center and seal tightly and roll out again into a circle of 6-inch diameter with the help of some flour to make the paratha.
9. Take a flat pan and roast rolled circles from both sides and apply a little oil on both sides, and roast until golden brown.
10. Repeat making paratha in a similar way with the remaining dough and filling to make more parathas.
11. Serve hot with your favorite pickle and raita.
Enjoy your red cabbage!
LET’S MAKE YOUR JUST DENIM TO WOW DENIM: DIY PEARL STUDDED JEANS
The other day, when I was just turning over the pages of a magazine, I came across a cute and stylish pair of denim studded with pearls by Paige Denim. Instantly, the ‘CreativeMe’ version within me whispered “Time for some creativity”. Let’s learn how to remake your boring jeans into stylish and fashionable denim.
All you need:
1. Old Jeans.
2. Plastic white beads or pearls preferably in different sizes and two colors. I have used white and ivory to give it an elegant look.
3. Needle, Thread, and Scissors.
Make your beads ready and decide where you want to place them.
There are actually two methods to attach pearls or beads. First, you can stitch on one pearl or bead at a time, which takes a good time. Stitch the large bead or pearls one by one randomly.
The second method is to stitch the smaller or tiny pearls beads consecutively by using one long thread.
To make it more visible and stylish and start stitching the largest pearl beads near the front pocket. Place your stitches close to each other and use little thread as possible. Make sure the pearl beads are not attached too tight or too loose.
Scatter the large pearl beads one by one then stitch the medium pearls and finally the tiny ones to fill in the spaces.
Happy DIY 😊😇😊
SIMPLE IDEAS OF HOME DÉCOR WITH OLD LEATHER BELTS AND STRAPS!
Belts and leather bags are such fashion accessories that go out of trend in every now and then. If this year a belt or bag is the trending fashion, the subsequent year it is out of style. So, if you have a set of fashionable belts in your wardrobe that you don’t use anymore, don’t just donate, crafting something interesting is always the best options as well!
Take two leather belts, two wood boards, nails, and a hammer.
Measure and mark the wooden boards for perfect alignment.
Then fasten the belts together and make two identical loops. Make extra holes on the belts if they are not in the same dimension.
Place the loops on the marks and hammer three nails on the front of each board. Similarly, position another board and staple it to the belts with nails on each side.
Other interesting and useful things are ….
A small piece from a leather belt goes well with wood. It can be used as a pull for a drawer.
If you have a collection of many old belts, then it can be used to make a beautiful entrance/doormat out of them.
If you have old books and pillows which you don’t need any more, you can stack and tie them with two old leather belts to make a stool.
Hope this will help you to use your old stuff and make them beautiful and amazing crafts.
Happy DIY !!!! 🙂
Kartik Aryan owns apartment in which he was a paying guest once upon time…
Kartik Aaryan, a Gwalior boy from no film background has won the hearts across the nation. The blockbusters like Pyaar Ka Punchnama series and Sonu Ke Titu Ki Sweety have proved that he is going to be a superstar in the future.
Kartik, the Heartthrob of many girls across India, has owned the apartment in which he used to live as a paying guest during his struggling phase. As per the media sources, he has paid INR 1.6 crore for the flat with a carpet area of 459 sq. ft. on the fifth-floor of Rajkiran Co-op Housing Society, Yari Road.
In a talk show earlier, Kartik while mentioning about his struggle in Mumbai has told “I didn’t have a place to stay when I came to Mumbai. I stayed in a hostel. I have stayed with 12 guys in a flat. That was something I never thought I would do because I hail from Gwalior, which is not an expensive city to live in, but Mumbai is really expensive”.
He also added “We had our share of struggles. We used to go to auditions, wahaan pe ‘not fit’ ho jaata tha. I used to travel without tickets in local trains from Navi Mumbai to Mumbai when I was auditioning. I didn’t even have that much money,”.
On the professional front, Kartik’s upcoming movies include Imtiaz Ali’s Love Aaj Kal 2, where the actor will share the screen with Sara Ali Khan along with Randeep Hooda. The sequel is scheduled to be released on February 14, 2020.
His other projects in the pipeline are Mudassar Aziz’s Pati Patni aur Woh, Dostana 2 with Janhavi Kapoor and Chashme Badoor Remake with Jacqueline Fernandez.
Make the boring leftover rice to a colorful yummy meal!!!!
Rice being the staple food of India provides us enough occasions to showcase our hidden culinary talent to experiment on leftover rice. Let’s learn how we can prepare a completely new and relishing dish by adding 3 basic kitchen ingredients.
Key ingredients needed:
1. One cup of leftover rice
2. One large onion chopped
3. One large tomato chopped
4. Two teaspoon Chaat Masala
5. One tablespoon refined oil
How to cook:
1. In a pan add a little oil and bring it to heat.
2. Then add chopped onion to the hot oil and sauté it till the onions turn translucent.
3. Then add in chopped tomatoes along with chaat masala.
4. Sauté well so that all the three ingredients get mixed. Then add leftover rice to it and mix everything evenly.
5. Then garnish with coriander leaves (optional) to add fresh aroma.
6. Serve hot with any veg or non-veg gravy.
Next time when you end up making extra boiled rice, not to worry, just give it an interesting touch by adding these 3 flavorful ingredients. This will save a lot of time and effort apart from eating boring boiled rice again and again.
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