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A Rapturous welcome @ Gahirmatha Beach: Olive Ridley Turtle

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Reptiles are always an exceptional class of animal kingdom. It certainly creates curiosity, fright, familiarity and above all admiration for its limiting attributes. The taxonomy of the animal kingdom could not be completed without the experience of class Reptilia. Be it a dreadful snake or silent killer cumbersome crocodile or lethargic elegant turtle, all leave an indelible scar in the fragile memory of philotherianism. Oliver ridley turtle is such innocuous and exceptional species which captures the imaginations of herpetologist when they arrived at sea coast searching for their breeding destiny. Gahrimatha is a place at the confluence of the bay of Bengal and Brahamani river in the Kendrapada district of littoral state Odisha. The picturesque bucolic beach gives sightseers immense reason to visit once in their life. In the advent of winter, lakhs of turtle colored the sea beaches with their rugged morphology.

Olive Ridley Turtle

The olive ridley sea turtle Taxonomically named as Lepidochelys olivacea and it belongs to class reptilia with thousands of individual. It is mainly confined to Pacific and Indian Ocean with northern tropical warm waters. Hence it is otherwise termed as the Pacific ridley sea turtle. According to IUCN Olive ridley place under vulnerable (VU) group. Its story began in 1758 as Testudo Mydas. These are best known for their mass nesting and nestling called arribada. Arribada is the place where thousands of female come together towards the same beach to lay eggs.

Structure

  • Sexual Dimorphism is found in an adult case
  • Olive colored carapace (Heart shaped)
  • Creamy white plastron.
  • Male and female ground to the same size.
  • Rounded carapace in the female.
  • Carapace (Olive in color) is dorsally flattened.
  • Carapace became reddish due to algae growing on the carapace.
  • Weight = 50 kg -52 kg (Rare) ,25-45 kg-Female,33 kg Male
  • Hatchling-12-23.5 gm
  • Tail used for copulation(reproduction)

Feeding

The olive ridley is predominantly carnivorous, especially in immature stages of the lifecycle. Animal prey consists of protochordates or invertebrates, which can be caught in shallow marine waters or estuarine habitats. Common prey items include jellyfish, tunicates, sea urchins, bryozoans, bivalves, snails, shrimp, crabs, rock lobsters, and sipunculid worms. Additionally, consumption of jellyfish and both adult fish (e.g. Sphoeroides) and fish eggs may be indicative of pelagic (open ocean) feeding. The olive ridley is also known to feed on filamentous algae in areas devoid of other food sources. Captive studies have indicated some level of cannibalistic behavior in this species.

Migration

The olive ridley is best-known individuals for migration (Cyclical, seasonal, intentional). The convention on migratory species also provided a source of knowledge about this marine turtle. They focus Arribada management for conserving olive ridleys. Mostly ridleys migrate towards the nesting beach of Gahiramatha. This beas separates the Bhitarakanika mangroves from the Bay of Bengal. It is the part of (GMWS) Gahiramatha marine wildlife sanctuary. It is the part of Gahirmatha Marine Wildlife Sanctuary. It is otherwise known as Gahirmatha rookery (Natal nesting beach) other sports of mass nesting-mouth of Rivers Devi and Rushikulya.

Reproduction

Mating is often assumed to occur in the vicinity of nesting beaches, but copulating pairs have been reported over 1,000 km from the nearest beach.

Research from Costa Rica revealed the number of copulating pairs observed near the beach could not be responsible for the fertilization of the tens of thousands of females, so a significant amount of mating is believed to have occurred elsewhere at other times of the year.

Olive ridleys generally begin to aggregate near nesting beaches about two months before nesting season, although this may vary throughout their range. In the eastern Pacific, nesting occurs throughout the year, with peak nesting events (arribadas) occurring between September and December. Nesting beaches can be characterized as relatively flat, mid-beach zone, and free of debris. Beach fidelity is common, but not absolute. Nesting events are usually nocturnal, but diurnal nesting has been reported, especially during large arribadas. The exact age of sexual maturity is unknown, but this can be somewhat inferred from data on minimum breeding size. For example, the average carapace length of nesting females (n = 251) at Playa Nancite, Costa Rica, was determined to be 63.3 cm, with the smallest recorded at 54.0 cm. Females can lay up to three clutches per season, but most only lay one or two clutches. The female remains near shore for the inter-nesting period, which is about one month. Mean clutch size varies throughout its range and decreases with each nesting attempt.

Mean clutch size of 116 (30–168 eggs) was observed in Surinam, while nesting females from the eastern Pacific were found to have an average of 105 (74–126 eggs). The incubation period is usually between 45 and 51 days under natural conditions but may extend to 70 days in poor weather conditions. Eggs incubated at temperatures of 31 to 32 °C produce only females; eggs incubated at 28 °C or less produce solely males, and incubation temperatures of 29 to 30 °C produce a mixed-sex clutch. Hatching success can vary by beach and year, due to changing environmental conditions and rates of nest predation.

Exploitation

The olive ridley has been exploited for various purposes. It can be food, oil, leather, egg, meat or fertilizer. The egg is esteemed everywhere due to its negative delicaly. Gahiramatha is the largest breeding ground of Oliver ridley turtle.  Collection of eggs is illegal but these laws are rarely enforced. Costa Rica is famous for turtle exploitation as it is economically viable. Illegal poaching of eggs is considered a major threat to the olive ridley population. This is the major issue which attracts the conservationist and biologist to put steps forward.

 Welcome @ Gahirmatha Beach 

Gahirmatha Beach is a beach in the Indian state of Odisha. The beach separates the Bhitarkanika mangroves from the Bay of Bengal and is the world’s most important nesting beach for Olive Ridley Sea Turtles. The beach is part of Gahirmatha Marine Wildlife Sanctuary, which also includes the adjacent portion of the Bay of Bengal.

 The Gahirmatha Beach in Kendrapara district of Odisha (India), which is now a part of the Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary, is the largest breeding ground for these turtles. The Gahirmatha Marine Wildlife Sanctuary, which bounds the Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary to the east, was created in September 1997 and encompasses Gahirmatha Beach and an adjacent portion of the Bay of Bengal. Bhitarkanika mangroves were designated a Ramsar Wetland of International Importance in 2002. It is the world’s largest known rookery of olive ridley sea turtles. Apart from Gahirmatha rookery, two other mass nesting beaches have been located, which are on the mouth of rivers Rushikulya and Devi. The spectacular site of a mass congregation of olive ridley sea turtles for mating and nesting enthralls both the scientists and the nature lovers throughout the world.

Olive ridley sea turtles migrate in huge numbers from the beginning of November, every year, for mating and nesting along the coast of Orissa. Gahirmatha coast has the annual nesting figure between 100,000 and 500,000 each year. A decline in the population of these turtles has occurred in the recent past due to mass mortality. The olive ridley sea turtle has been listed on Schedule – I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 (amended 1991). The species is listed as vulnerable under IUCN. The sea turtles are protected under the ‘Migratory Species Convention’ and Convention of International Trade on Wildlife Flora and Fauna (CITES). India is a signatory nation to all these conventions. The homing characteristics of the Ridley sea turtles make them more prone to mass casualty. The voyage to the natal nesting beaches is the dooming factor for them. Since Gahirmatha coast serves as the natal nesting beach for millions of turtles, it has immense importance on turtle conservation.

Gahirmatha beach is incidentally acclaimed as world’s largest-known nesting ground of these animals. Apart from Gahirmatha, these threatened aquatic animals turn up at Rushikulya river mouth and Devi river mouth for mass nesting. An estimated 6.57 lakh female turtles had turned to dig a pit and lay millions of eggs on the nesting beach during March this year. Fishing prohibition is presently clamped in Gahirmatha zone to ensure disturbance-free mating of the marine animals. After the end of the mating season, most of the male turtles usually return back leaving behind the female turtles to lay their eggs. The female turtles virtually invade the nesting beaches usually at the dead of the night for laying eggs, the phenomenon is described as “arribada”. After indulgence in instinctive egg-laying, the turtles leave the nesting ground to stride into the deep sea water. Hatchlings emerge from these eggs after 45-60 days. It is a rare natural phenomenon where babies grow without their mother. The ban on sea fishing remains in force around the year in Gahirmatha marine sanctuary as the seawater here is the most conducive habitat for these delicate marine species.

The rate of mortality of these endangered species is quite high. An olive ridley usually lays about 120 to 150 eggs from which hatchlings emerge after about 45 to 60 days. But not all eggs remain intact as predators devour it.

Ecological Essence

A unique query always comes to the ordinary citizen of the nation that what they do for us? According to WWF(World wildlife) sources, turtles are great scavengers, the garbage patrol of an area, and eating up dead fish from lakes and rivers. They do no harm and they do a lot of good. Turtles also provide homes for a lot of critters. Burrows dug by gopher tortoises shelter over 350 species, including burrowing owls, rabbits, and bobcats. Turtles are even bio-engineers, keeping the landscape healthy and varied by dispersing seeds.

A box turtle that eats some strawberries and then walks half a mile and defecates the seeds is adding to the landscape. They also rotate including the sand on the sea floor, and redistributing energy from one ecosystem to another. Nesting sea turtles leave about 75 percent of their energy on land in the form of eggs and hatchlings before they return to sea. So, turtles do a lot for the world’s ecology.

What else would we lose? An absence of turtles would be a “cultural, psychological loss,” to many societies. We revere their traits of persistence and serenity. They’re the one reptile that just about everyone likes.

 

This beautiful article on Olive Ridley Turtles has been co-authored by Lipsa Das, dedicated and compassionate teaching professional. She specializes in the field of Life Sciences especially Zoology. She is a lecturer in Zoology with specialization in Cell Biology and Biochemistry from North Orissa University. She has completed her M.Sc., M.Phil and pre Ph.D. coursework from the same university. Teaching is her passion as well as profession. She is very much committed to the field of research and it’s application towards society. As a member of the animal kingdom, her foremost aim is to protect nature and it’s biotic factors. As a lecturer, she tries to inculcate an inventive attitude in her students. She is convinced that in order to protect the mother earth, this thought needs to first germinate and take shape in our mind.

7 Comments

7 Comments

  1. Subharaj Panda

    June 6, 2019 at 8:01 AM

    Your research work really gives very much informational data about living creatures…
    I hope your next post will be more special.

    • Sherlock Holmes

      June 6, 2019 at 11:50 AM

      We r arguably greatest, cleverest and most powerful creation ..How far this statement is true,God knows … We can’t provide a better environment,eco system to smaller and less evolved animal .. It’s a shame on our society .. save animal ,save the nature

  2. Swasti asundar Mohapatra

    June 6, 2019 at 12:00 PM

    Your act of writing skill about the living world is always fantastic and authentic ever.

  3. Sarada

    June 6, 2019 at 12:02 PM

    Thanks for valuable suggestion. I will try my best to live up to your expectations.

  4. Prasanta Kumar behera

    June 6, 2019 at 12:28 PM

    This is the only speciality of a science student who any Where,any thing can write in a systematic way with a perfect representative artistry.

  5. Prasanta Kumar behera

    June 6, 2019 at 12:30 PM

    This is the only speciality of a science student who any Where,any thing can write in a systematic way with a perfect representative artistry

  6. Basanta

    June 6, 2019 at 7:02 PM

    Such a awesome topic u have discussed here, Thank u

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Sarada Prasanna Pattnaik is based out of Balasore, Odisha. He was earlier a banker and later a faculty at quite a few reputed colleges and institutions. He now teaches civil service aspirants in leading coaching institutes. He is the chief architect of Vidya Group of Educational Institutions. He is an author and a writer in the civil service coaching arena. Writing is his passion and he loves to pen down his thoughts on varied topics ranging from Literature, Politics, Science & Technology, Finance, Sports and Travel.



7 Comments

  1. Subharaj Panda

    June 6, 2019 at 8:01 AM

    Your research work really gives very much informational data about living creatures…
    I hope your next post will be more special.

    • Sherlock Holmes

      June 6, 2019 at 11:50 AM

      We r arguably greatest, cleverest and most powerful creation ..How far this statement is true,God knows … We can’t provide a better environment,eco system to smaller and less evolved animal .. It’s a shame on our society .. save animal ,save the nature

  2. Swasti asundar Mohapatra

    June 6, 2019 at 12:00 PM

    Your act of writing skill about the living world is always fantastic and authentic ever.

  3. Sarada

    June 6, 2019 at 12:02 PM

    Thanks for valuable suggestion. I will try my best to live up to your expectations.

  4. Prasanta Kumar behera

    June 6, 2019 at 12:28 PM

    This is the only speciality of a science student who any Where,any thing can write in a systematic way with a perfect representative artistry.

  5. Prasanta Kumar behera

    June 6, 2019 at 12:30 PM

    This is the only speciality of a science student who any Where,any thing can write in a systematic way with a perfect representative artistry

  6. Basanta

    June 6, 2019 at 7:02 PM

    Such a awesome topic u have discussed here, Thank u

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Delhi

Followers bid last adieu to Sheila Dikshit at Nigambodh ghat

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The former chief minister of Delhi Sheila Dikshit was today give final adieu at Nigam Bodh Ghat amidst chanting slogans like “Jab Tak Suraj Chand Rahega Shiela Tera Naam Rahega,” by her hundreds of followers and Congress workers from Delhi.

The Congress leader and former PM Dr. Manmohan Singh, UPA advisory council chairperson Sonia Gandhi, Congress general secretary Priyanka Gandhi,  Ahmed Patel and chief ministers of two Congress-ruled states Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh Ashok Gehlot and Kamal Nath also paid their last respects to her at Congress party office and later on at Nigam Bodh Ghat crematorium.
The former union external affairs minister Sushma Swaraj and deputy PM  Lal Krishna Advani reached her Nizammuddin residence at paid their heartfelt tributes.
Late Smt Sheila Dikshit was the tallest leader of Congress party has been a minister in PMO during Rajiv Gandhi’s tenure. She reigned Delhi for three consecutive terms as the chief minister implementing tremendous structural development of Delhi from Metro Rail project to several flyovers including successful conduction of Common Wealth Games.
Her dream was to make Delhi one of the best and the most beautiful city in the world.
She was also the president of Delhi Congress twice and of UP once. Late Mrs. Dikshit was considered as the troubleshooter of Congress party who took the reigns of UP and Delhi during the time of crisis and did her best to revive the Congress in both these states.
Born in 1938 Sheila Dikshit was witness to the pre and post-independent India who breathed her last on 20th July after suffering a massive cardiac arrest in a Delhi hospital.
President Ram Nath Kovind, prime minister Narendra Modi, Home minister Amit Shah, Defence minister Rajnath Singh including scores of ministers and political leaders across party and ideological lines were shocked on her untimely demise and extended their heartfelt tributes as  the late leader was extremely soft-spoken, affable and the one who had extremely good relations with even opposition party leaders.
The former chief of Congress party Sonia Gandhi while expressing her tributes to late Sheila Dikshit termed her a highly experienced mass leader who dedicated her entire life for the people of the lowest ebb of the society.
Her passing away has left a huge void difficult to be filled ever added Mrs. Gandhi.
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Delhi

Three term CM of Delhi Sheila Dikshit dies at 81

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late Smt. Shiela Dikshit, three time Delhi CM
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The three-time chief minister of the national capital territory of Delhi, 81-year-old Sheila Dikshit is no more.
She breathed her last today at Escorts hospital where she was admitted after a deterioration in her health. Her body has been brought to her Nizamuddin residence and would be placed at All India Congress Committee central headquarter tomorrow morning till 2.30 PM before bidding final adieu thus consigning to flames.
Sheila Dikshit was born in 1938 and was also the minister in PMO during the tenure of late prime minister Rajiv Gandhi. She was the tallest leader of Congress party who was the Delhi Congress president twice and also the president of the Uttar Pradesh Congress Committee.
The prime minister Narendra Modi expressed his immense grief over the sad demise at the passing away of Shiela Dikshit terming her the tallest leader and an affable human being. Former president of Congress Rahul Gandhi while expressing his grief over Sheilaji’s sad demise said that the party has lost a daughter of Congress party leaving a huge void difficult to be filled.
The union defence minister Rajnath Singh, Delhi chief minister Arvind Kejriwal, veteran BJP leader Dr. Murli Manohar Joshi and scores of senior leaders across ideological lines expressed their shock over the sad demise of Sheila Dikshit. It may be recalled that the three-time chief minister of Delhi Sheila Dikshit had been immensely instrumental for the revolutionary development of Delhi.
She was in true sense the unstinted leader of the masses who’d dedicated her entire life for the welfare and well being of the society especially for the good of the people of the lowest ebb of the society. Following allegations of corruption, she had lost the Delhi state elections of 2013 after ruling the state for three consecutive terms.

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Commercial

MMR To Have 13.6 Mn Sqft Of New Mall Space By 2022

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MMR i.e. the Mumbai Metropolitan Region is one of the major retail hubs in India and thus the brands are always keen to acquire space there. According to a report, builders are planning to develop malls in that region as the demand for retail space is increasing by leaps and bounds.

The report by a leading real estate company states that approximately 13.6 mn sqft. of the new mall, space is likely to be developed in the entire MMR by 2022.

Out of this, the Mumbai city will have 82% and Navi Mumbai will have 17% space sharing respectively. The next retail hubs in MMR are Andheri, Bandra, Worli and Borivali as the malls here are likely to be developed between 1 lakh sqft. to 6 lakh sqft.

The average monthly rent in the Mumbai Metropolitan region is nearly Rs. 140 per sqft and the Mall vacancy demand has escalated from 12.60% in 2017 to 16% in 2018. The Mumbai’s high-street shopping experience is likely to get a makeover as the high street market areas like Andheri-Kurla Road, Pali Hills, Bandra West, Kala Ghoda, and Powai are now attracting to mall culture and is clearly seen with the launch of various fine-dining restaurants.

However, the MMR is lagging behind the NCR market where the Mall vacancy stood at 18.2% in 2018 with an average monthly rent of approximately Rs.137/sqft.

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Priyanka Vadra’s arrest reminiscences the Belchi visit of her grand mother

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The arbitrary arrest of Congress general secretary Priyanka Gandhi heading for Sonbhadra yesterday i.e. 19th July to meet the bereaved families and the grievously injured victims of massacre of 12 innocents of Gond community by a landlord village head Yagya Dutt and his goons who came on 32 tractors killing and injuring several poor villagers has created an immense anger, annoyance, disenchantment and furore amongst the Congress leaders and rank and file at the pan India level with hundreds of workers thronging the arrest site in Chunar to express their solidarity with their leader thus helping in reviving and regenerating a new lease of life in a non functional Congress party after the desperate resignation of her brother Rahul Gandhi as Congress chief taking the responsibility of the election debacle on his head.

You may recall that Congress general secretary  Priyanka Gandhi was arrested on 19th July when she was peacefully protesting after having been restricted by the UP administration to meet the injured and the bereaved families of the diabolical Sonbhadra massacre.
Priyanka’s visit reminds me of the similar visit of her grandmother, former prime minister Indira Gandhi to Belchi, Bihar during the Janata Party rule after 1977 when several Dalits were massacred by the higher caste landlords creating quite a ripple and sensation in the national and international media and political circles as well.
Late Mrs Gandhi was then out of power, having lost her own Lok Sabha seat from Rai Bareilly to late Raj Narain, the then health minister in the govt of Janata Party conglomeration.
She had visited Belchi climbing on an elephant to know the welfare and well being of the bereaved family.
Her Belchi visit was so popularised in the media that it, later on, resulted in her coming back to power at the centre defeating badly the conglomeration of the 22 national political outfits called the Janata Party that ruled for merely 22 months and tore apart like the pack of cards.
Priyanka Gandhi’s visit to Sonbhadra seems to repeat the episode of her grand mother’s Belchi, Bihar visit during Janata Party era earning the sympathy of the Dalits and have nots all over the country.
In a democratic country can’t a peace-loving leader of a national party visit the victims of the massacre to know about their well being asked Priyanka Gandhi before her being arrested.
This raises a question that the UP CM Yogi Aditya Nath and the BJP leadership is highly apprehensive of the increasing political popularity and clout of Priyanka Gandhi who seems to be the next leader in the making in Congress Party after Rahul Gandhi’s resignation.
Voices within and outside the Congress have already started emerging in favour of Sonia Gandhi to make her the Congress president.
The way Priyanka sat on the Dharna in protest yesterday while heading for Sonbhadra after having been forbidden to do so on the bare ground with her supporters and arrested later on, reminiscences of her grandmother again when she during the Janata Party rule in 1978 also sat on the road after having been arrested and paraded on foot while late Choudhary Charan Singh was the home minister in Morarji Desai’s tenure as PM while handcuffed.
Mrs Gandhi had thereafter returned to power with a thumping majority, gaining the sympathy of the people nationwide.
Political analysts say that by repeating the same blunder through vindictive politics, the present political dispensation in Uttar Pradesh and at the centre is not only opening the doors for the revival and rejuvenation  of Congress Party at the national level but also giving leverage/ impetus to the anti-opposition forces under Congress party to unite thus able to forge a formidable challenge to it in the future.
The Congressmen and the people see in Priyanka Gandhi a shadow of late Indira Gandhi, a formidable leader of international eminence credited for dividing Pakistan in 1971, creating Bangladesh whom even the former prime minister, the then opposition leader late Atal Bihari Vajpayee publicly accorded the title of Durga Maa.
Meanwhile, Congressmen from all over the country are converging at Varanasi and Sonbhadra to express solidarity with there arrested leader who was holed up in the guest house whole night under arrest.
Rahul Tweeted: The arbitrary arrest of Priyanka Gandhi in Sonbhadra is disturbing. This arbitrary application of power to prevent her from meeting the 10 families of Adivasi farmers brutally gunned down for refusing to vacate their own lands reveals the BJP government’s increasing insecurity in UP.
At the same time hopefully, Congress wants to support the bereaved families sincerely and this is not a publicity stunt by them where they want to leverage this unfortunate incident to their advantage. As after the Photo Op and Dharna drama is over Mrs Vadra has gone back to her daily life.
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CM congratulates Negi; nominated for Sangeet Natak Academy award

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Jubilant singer Narendra Singh Negi, his wife Usha Negi with CM Uttarakhand Trivendra Singh Rawat
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The chief minister of Uttarakhand in a rare gesture of generosity and kindness personally visited the residence of the legendary singer of Uttarakhand also pronounced as Garh Ratn (precious stone of Uttarakhand) Narendra Singh Negi. The CM conveyed his heartiest greetings to Mr. Negi for being chosen as one of the recipients’ of the prestigious Sangeet Natak Academy award for folk singing.  Some other dignitaries to have been chosen for this award include eminent singer Malini Awasthi, Sonal Man Singh, veteran classical dancer, Ustad Zakir Hussain, eminent Tabla player, etc.

This coveted award will be delivered to Narendra Singh Negi at Rashtrapati Bhawan by the president of India at a glittering function in the presence of several dignitaries and 44 other recipients for their outstanding contribution in singing, dance, arts, theatre, etc.
Congratulating Negi, Uttarakhand chief minister hailed him as the flag bearer for conserving and promoting the cultural heritage of Uttarakhand. He also stated that this honor to him is an honor to the entire state of Uttarakhand and its people as Narendra Singh Negi’s contribution to Uttarakhand’s folk culture, songs and music is unparalleled.
The chief minister while conveying his regards and best wishes for his long life said that Negi’s lyrics and song carry a significant socio-cultural message and are, therefore, a valuable asset for the hill state.
The Uttarakhand CM has a special soft corner for Mr. Negi as he had helped him get admitted to a private hospital last year and helped saved his life when the latter suffered from a massive cardiac arrest.
It may be recalled that the coveted Sangeet Natak Academy Awards are bestowed on eminent personalities in singing, arts, and culture, theatre and music every year to 44 persons of eminence in the aforesaid fields hailing from the different states of the country.
Negi has so far written and sung thousands of songs in his melodious voice conveying socio-cultural messages thus entertaining the myriad population of Uttarakhand globally.
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Casagrand Developer Launches Casagrand Zenith In South Chennai

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Casagrand, the reputed developers of South India launched Casagrand Zenith at Medavakkam, South Chennai. This is a smart wellness community spread in 7.46 acres of land that offers serene beauty of nature. The project is expected to have 949 modernly-designed apartments to offer international living experience.

The project is registered under Tamil Nadu RERA TN/01/Building/0101/2019 and the possession will be offered to the buyers within 24 months.

Casagrand Zenith is a smart residential project as it comprises of more than 78 different amenities. The green space of more than 75% offers dedicated recreational areas and a vehicle-free zone and allows the elderly people and children to move freely.

Casagrand has metal Casagrand Zenith which is meticulously planned to offer luxurious 2BHK, 3BHK and 4BHK residential units. The smartly-designed outdoor activity area, community engagement, recreational facilities, amphitheaters, reflexology pathway, kids swimming pool, adult swimming pool and organic farming area are some high-end amenities offered at Casagrand Zenith. Apart from this, the terrace is designed to have sky-walk, pergolas and leisure seating do that the residents can enjoy social gatherings.

Further, the wellness amenities such as air pavilion surrounded by air purifying plants, a tree-house for kids, chlorine-free non-chemical swimming pool, Vitamin C shower, air purifier in the master bedroom, oxygen infuser in the clubhouse and gym are the smart living amenities introduced in Casagrand Zenith.

This residential project is situated merely 15 minutes away from Velachery. Casagrand Zenith also has a close proximity to Sholinganalur, Perumbakkam, Selaiyur, Tambaram and OMR. The project is close to various educational establishments, hospitals and entertainment zones.

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Astro

Sai Baba devotees donate in excess of 5 crores on Guru Purnima

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Sai Baba of Shridhi and donated currency
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Shirdi Sai Baba is considered world over as the last walking God on earth. He took salvation in 1919 in Shirdi, a small and modest village in Maharashtra. He was worshipped by over 1.8 lakh devotees on Guru Purnima festival with ardent Sai bhaktas thronging the historic temple in thousands from various parts of India. Some even visited him barefoot and the total donation amounted to INR 5.62 crores.
A “Jatha” of 1500 Sai devotees also arrived in Shirdi from Pune barefooted after having covered the long and arduous distance in several days. Such is the blind faith of ardent Sai devotees.
Sai Baba is considered as a God of miracles. He more than 175 years ago, while still, a child had visited the modest village of Shirdi in a marriage party. He finally settled there in a dilapidated mosque for his entire life. He helped the poor and all the sects irrespective of their caste and religion, he even cured them with His supernatural powers. Thus he always there to rescue the needy.
Sai Baba was considered as a God of miracles. He begged door to door leading a modest life in tatters. He was initially even stoned by naughty children of Shirdi.
It is said that after Baba started living in Shirdi,  his miraculous feats, gradually impressed the local inhabitants of the village. They gradually recognized his greatness and his supernatural powers and started worshipping him.
Once while begging for mustard oil for lighting lamps, he was refused oil by a local shopkeeper. After the shopkeeper even insulted Sai Baba, he returned to his mosque disappointed. It was the day of Ram Navmi and he had to light the earthen lamps in the mosque he lived in. As he had no oil, he poured water in all the earthen lamps and had them lighted.
Those present there were shocked to see the lamps lighted with water. Soon his miraculous feats spread to the nearby villages and people started thronging Shirdi for his obeisance, finally, according to him the status of God.
Today, after hundred years Shirdi Sai Baba Trust managing the historic Shirdi temple is the richest shrine in India. It has a total deposit of nearly INR 2400 crores, donated by Sai bhaktas from all over the world in Indian and foreign currencies. The donations also include gold, silver, diamonds and even lands.
According to sources, about  70000 devotees visit Sai Temple every day. The annual income of Shirdi Sai Baba Trust is Rs 700 crores.
About 3.5 lakh devotees visit the historic temple during festivals, as during the three days of Guru Purnima festival from 15th to 17th July. About INR 5.62 crores had been received as Guru Dakshina during these three days. Sai Baba Trust has a whopping Rs. 2330 crores deposit to date.
The Sai Sansthan has 500 crores with 443 kilograms Gold and 5368 kg silver annual donations. The trust has an annual income of INR 700 crores.
About 1.75  lakh devotees sought Baba’s darshan on Gurupurnima day. The total collection included Hundi of Rs. 2 crores 12 lakh, 1.7 crores on donation counter and 1 crore 8.49 lakh through foreign currency contributions.
The report says that about INR 2 crores are acknowledged as a donation from ardent Sai devotees from different parts of the country and globe. The major part of the donation collected is used for the construction of hospitals and modern Dharamshalalas in Shirdi. These donations are also used for meals etc at subsidized rates to lakhs of devotees visiting the historic temple.
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Increase in the circle rates will also increase the land cost in Uttarakhand

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Rishikesh in Uttarakhand
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The government of Uttarakhand running into a deficit of several thousand crores, probably more than Rs 45000 crores, is devising ways and means to bridge this deficit and also to use this revenue generated in various developmental projects within the state.

Apart from the massive liquor sale that gives the government of Uttarakhand an annual income of approximately Rs. 2300 crores, it’s also trying to generate revenue from other sources.
The government which pays a heavy interest on external borrowings has no alternative but to generate sufficient revenue from different other sources within the state, in order to not only pay the interest but also to further the development programs and also to run the state’s economy efficiently.
To generate this additional revenue the Uttarakhand BJP government led by Trivendra Singh Rawat is likely to enhance the circle rates of lands in the various cities and towns and its surroundings. This is to generate significant revenue in the process of buying and selling through earnings on stamp paper duties and from the registry of properties.
After Uttarakhand came into existence 19 years ago. Initially people hardly had any interest to invest in land or housing but after its formation the land sale has increased manifold in Uttarakhand particularly in the plain areas such as the capital Dehradun and its outskirts, Rishikesh, near Mussourie, Haridwar, Haldwani, in the outskirts of Mussourie, Dhanaltie, Udham Singh Nagar, Nainital’s outskirts and even at secluded hill areas. These investments are mostly with an aim to open resorts, hotels as well as for residential houses business establishments by businessmen and the middle class. There are also some large scale investments by the rich.
The real estate agents, land brokers, and colonizers are even selling agricultural lands on a square meter basis after purchasing large tracts of lands by cutting colonies, thus minting huge profits.
In almost all the townships and cities and their outskirts, people are thronging in large numbers to purchase properties and land.
The main reason behind this phenomena is shifting of major offices to Dehradun and other cities and the opening of new offices.
The bureaucracy, the business community as well as the employees of these establishments have therefore thronged the plains of Uttarakhand in multitude and have constructed houses for which they had earlier purchased lands.
An additional reason for investment in these hilly areas is it being environment-friendly and having pleasant people.  Therefore not only people from Uttarakhand but also people from Delhi and other metropolises including NRIs have invested money in Uttarakhand by purchasing lands. The idea is to benefit from an increase in the land rates after a few years and if need be to otherwise settle there after retirement.
The property business in Uttarakhand has prospered by leaps and bounds as the rich and affluent have purchased large tracts of land at throwaway prices a few years ago for establishing hotels, resorts, private hospitals, and other businesses which are now fetching them huge profits.
At several places in Haridwar, Rishikesh, and Dehradun huge multi-stories and hi-tech buildings have sprung up.
After this increase in the circle rates the cost of land at Dehradun, Haridwar, Rishikesh, Mussourie, Haldwani, Pithoragarh, Nainital’s outskirts, etc will further increase inflating the land cost. It would not be that easy for the new buyers to purchase whereas those who have already purchased these lands would reap handsome profits in the near future if they sell them.
There had been an investment of several hundred crores in Uttarakhand by land sharks and mafias. They’re bound to benefit from this move of the government if the circle rates move up by 25 to 35%.
While the state government will benefit from this move, the poor and the middle-class would be overburdened if they want to buy land for constructing houses says Congress leader of Uttarakhand Kishore Upadhyay. It’s an anti-poor and anti-middle-class decision says, Upadhyay.
On the other hand, Uttarakhand’s Agriculture minister Subodh Uniyal appreciates the government’s decision and has stated that an increase in the circle rates will result in the cost of the land to increase. The land and house owners and especially the farmers will benefit from high rates for their land.
Not only this but they will also be able to get higher amounts of loans from banks after an increase in the land rates adds Uniyal.
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EDITOR'S PICK

Listen to your broccoli and it will tell you how to eat it!!!

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Broccoli, a high nutritive value veggie was cultivated in Europe for the first time. The versatile veggie ranks as the fifth popular vegetable in the world. It is an exotic vegetable that resembles cauliflower, a common vegetable in India. Broccoli in the raw state contains near about 90% water, 7% carbs, 3% protein, and almost no fat. The low-calorie veggie not only supports weight loss but also the calcium-rich cruciferous member helps in reducing the new fat cells production and stimulates the breakdown of deposited fat in the body. So let us learn a few broccoli recipes.

Sicilian Spicy Pasta

Ingredients: 1 cup boiled penne or spaghetti any form of pasta of your choice, 2 tsp chopped garlic, 1/2 tsp chopped red chilies, 1/4 cup broccoli, 1/2 tbsp grated parmesan cheese, pepper, oil and salt to taste.

Let us cook:
1. Take a pan and heat oil, add chopped garlic and sauté
2. Then add red chilies along with salt and pepper.
3. Then add broccoli and saute for two minutes.
4. Add boiled pasta and then parmesan cheese.
5. Saute and cook for 2-3 minutes.
6. Serve hot.

Cream of Broccoli Soup

Ingredients: 200 gm broccoli finely chopped, 2 Tbsp butter/oil, 2 Tbsp sifted flour, 1/4 tsp powdered black pepper, 3/4 cup milk, 4 cups stock or water, 1/2 tsp celery salt, salt to taste and Cream for garnishing
Let’s cook:
1. Take a heavy saucepan and heat the butter or oil.
2. Then add half the broccoli into the butter or oil.
3. Stir fry for 30 seconds on medium flame and then add the flour and panfry the mixture until it leaves the sides of the pan.
4. Then remove from heat and add the stock slowly while keep stirring to avoid lumps.
6. Once the mixture reaches to normal temperature blend it in a blender.
7. Now take a pan and add the rest of the broccoli, milk, celery salt, and black pepper.

8. Cook over a high flame, keep stirring for few minutes and bring it to boil, and then simmer over low flame for about 10 minutes.
9. Garnished with cream and serve hot.

Chatpati Broccoli

Ingredients: 250 gm broccoli cut into small pieces, 2 Tbsp oil, 2 tsp mustard seeds, 4-5 curry leaves, 3-4 whole red pepper, 1/8 tsp asafoetida powder, 1 tsp cumin, 50 gm ginger-shredded fine, 2 tsp garlic finely chopped, 20 gm tamarind-soaked in 1 cup water and strained, salt to taste.

Let’s cook:
1. Take a pan and heat oil to add mustard, curry leaves, red pepper, asafoetida, and cumin.
2. Add the ginger and garlic as soon as the seeds splutter and saute till it becomes light brown.
3. Then add the broccoli and saute over high flame for few minutes then lower the flame, cover and cook until it becomes tender.
4. Add tamarind and salt; let it come to a boil
5. Remove from heat and serve hot.

Happy cooking!! 

 

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Crime

Truck driver who had caused the death of 2 youths of Pauri Garhwal nabbed

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CM Uttarakhand and the seriously injured boy / pic samay sameeksh.com
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The recent deaths of two youths namely Ramesh Singh 23 years old and Vir Singh aged 22 years old at Sarhaul border, Gurugram hailing from Kathur and Salon respectively from district Pauri Garhwal was not a murder but accidental deaths.

One of their friend from Ghulek village who was grievously injured is still in hospital under critical conditions and recovering gradually.

Today more than 150 people of Uttarakhand from Delhi and different parts of Haryana gathered at Udyog Vihar police station in Dundahera, Haryana to register their peaceful protest demanding immediate arrest and stringent action against the culprit. The culprit who had caused this accident three days ago at the wee hours of the morning because of his rash driving – had fled the scene instead of helping the grievously injured youths who could have been saved had he ferried them to the hospital in time.

The third injured youth was lucky and had survived was rushed to the hospital by the locals available at the accident spot.

According to a video released in a WhatsApp group by some social activists these deaths were the result of a dangerous accident that occurred last Monday early in the morning while these three youths namely Ramesh Singh (23), Verr Singh ( 22) and Narendra Singh were returning back from their respective duties from Empire club in MGF Mall Gurugram.

It has not yet been known as to why these youths had gone to Sarhaul border. While they were walking a vehicle at extremely high speed ran over them grievously injuring all the three. While two youths namely Ramesh Singh and Veer Singh died on the spot succumbing to grievous injuries, the third one Narendra Singh was admitted to hospital where he is still under treatment.

There was shock wave all around amongst their families and amongst the people of Uttarakhand community. Photos of these dead and injured youths with news about their alleged murder were loaded on various social media platforms and went viral. The cause of these deaths could not be ascertained earlier. However, after a day the Udyog Vihar police had revealed that they were accidental deaths but nobody was willing to accept the police version.

They were angry that even if it was an accident the driver of the vehicle who killed these youths so brutally under his vehicle should not have fled the scene and instead should have informed the police or at least helped the injured to the hospital. But by fleeing from the scene of the accident after two deaths he behaved like a killer. However, due to excessive media hype and the Haryana CM’s directives after Uttarakhand CM Rawat’s request to him, the erroneous and rash truck driver involved in this fateful accident has been caught, as per sources.

The chief minister of Uttarakhand Trivendra Singh Rawat had spoken to Haryana CM Manohar Lal Khatter requesting him to direct the police to bring the culprit to justice at the earliest.

The Udyog Vihar police of Haryana has shown immense vigilance and dedication in nabbing the culprit within a couple of days. However, this has happened only after media hype and peoples’ pressure. Further Haryana CM’s intervention after the request of his Uttarakhand counterpart helped in the quick resolution of this case.

This is the tempo driver nabbed by the Palam Vihar, Gurugram police namely Neeraj Bhatt of Nepal.

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