Tags Posts tagged with "muslims"



Despite living for centuries in Myanmar, the Rohingya (mostly Muslim), have been denied citizenship. A U.N. report has documented numerous instances of gang rape and killings by Myanmar’s security forces.

On Sept 11, Zeid Ra’ad al-Hussein, the U.N. human rights chief, termed the actions of state against the Rohingya community as “a textbook example of ethnic cleansing”.

In India, where reportedly 40,000 Rohingyas are lodged, the state is considering returning the refugees. Kiren Rijiju, the Union Minister of State for Home Affairs said that, as far as we are concerned they are all illegal immigrants and they have no basis to live here

Mohammad Salimullah and Mohammad Shaqir, a pair of Rohingya refugees, have filed a petition in the Supreme Court. Their petition raises two points:

  • Any deportation would violate the fundamental rights to equality and to life.
  • India would be infringing international law in returning them to Myanmar, in particularl the principle of non-refoulement.

The next hearing for the case is on Sept18. The government, however, may argue that:

  • India is not bound to follow the principle of non-refoulement, because it is not a signatory to the 1951 U.N. Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees.
  • It could be claimed that the Rohingyas are guilty of committing crimes against peace and are a threat to India’s national security.

Taking a look at ‘The principle of non-refoulement’

It is articulated in Article 33 of the 1951 Convention. It mandates that no state shall return or expel a refugee to “the frontiers of territories where his freedom or life would be threatened on account of his race, nationality, religion, membership of a particular political opinion or social group”. However, it certainly allows for an exception in cases if there are “reasonable grounds.”

Previous cases on the same premise:

In their judgments respectively in Dongh Lian Kham v. Union of India (2015) and the Ktaer Abbas Habib Al Qutaifi v. Union of India (1998) Delhi and Gujarat High Courts have virtually incorporated non-refoulement into the guarantees of Article 21 of the Constitution. The Gujarat High Court wrote that the principle protects life and liberty of a human being irrespective of his nationality. It is definitely encompassed in Article 21 of the Constitution, so long as the presence of a refugee is not a threat to the law and order and security of India.

  • The Rohingya Muslim problem is becoming acutely critical and cumbersome day by day with 10 to 20 thousand battered men, women and children leaving Rakhine province of Myanmar on Daily basis and heading towards Bangladeshm. Thousands of refugees in extremely sorry state are still stranded at the border town Tefnak and Bangladesh’ s cox bazaar being fed by various social and philanthrophic organisations like UNHCR and sikh body called Khalsa India etc. Hundreds of them are sick and injured with total dearth of medical aid and medicines.
  • This seems to be a worst ethinic cleansing in Myanmar in the recent times with the Army and the police literally burning the Rohingya dominated villages and inflicting injuries on old aged, young, women and children. The situation has gone so much out of hand that apart from the United Nations Secretary General Antanio, the US Secretary of state Mark Tillerson has also condemned these anti Rohingya riots in Myanmar and held its political administration and leadership directly responsible for such a dastardly killings and throwing out of the sick and injured populace out of the muslim dominated province Rakhine.
  • The Americans, the Amnesty International and the UN authorities have the satellite pictures clearly showing the burning villages of Rohingya Muslims by the Myanmar army and police with the intent to pre- strategically deport them out of the Buddhist dominated Myanmar. The noble laureate and the undisputed leader of Myanmarese Buddhists Aung Sang Kyi has also been reprimanded by the US and UN saying that though she is still revered and held in high esteem by them being the Noble laureate but since now things are going out of control, she being the official counselor in the government should impartially and fairly help in distinguishing the fire of the ongoing trecherous ethnic cleansing.
  • It has now become intolerable and against the tenets of humanitarian values. The charisma of Aung Sang Kyi, once the champion of human rights during the 50 year old military rule in Myanmar seems to have vanished and faded out, said the UN officials. Meanwhile, the Amnesty International has also stepped in and has accused the Myanmar’ s political rulers for pre-strategically and conspiratorially helping the police and military in physically torturing and eliminating the Rohingyas from their land including burning their 29 villages with mortars and rocket launchers.
  • So far, according to the latest estimates of the injured and terror stricken Rohingyas who’ ve left Rakhine province of Myanmar in desperation is 6 to 7 lakhs, where as the total population of the Rohingya Muslims is estimated to nearly 11 lakhs. The Rohingya Muslim Myanmar Buddhst crisis has its roots since 1982 since when the minority muslims were debarred of Myanmar citizenship however the clashes and bloodbath gained actual momentum on 25th August when Arakan Rohinga Salvation Army attacked  several police posts at the border, destroyed them and killed 20 of the Myanmar guards.



The Rohingya muslim refugee situation is becoming more and more complex day by day with united nations taking special note of it. While Bangladesh has so far accepted over two lakh refugees with more than seventy thousand in battered and aweful condition lying in the border town of TEKNAF surviving at the hands of some philanthropic organisations n UN, over fifty thousand of them are in India. After the hard hitting deplorable statement of the UN High Commisioner on human rights protection Al Assad pointing fingers at India, the Indian home minister of state seems to have back tracked for the time being saying that India has not firmed its final position on the Rohingya Muslim refugee expulsion but has simply but catagorically asked the state governments to immaculately identify the actual refugees.

It may be recalled that just yesterday Mr. Hussein, while addressing the 36th Session of the Human Rights Council in Geneva, said, “I deplore current measures in India to deport Rohingya at a time of such violence against them in their country. Some 40,000 Rohingya have settled in India and 16,000 of them have received refugee documentation. Just a day before the Minister of State for Home Affairs Kiran Rijuju has reportedly said that because India is not a signatory to the Refugee Convention, the country can dispense with international law on the matter, together with basic human compassion.

However, by virtue of customary law, its ratification of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the obligations of due process and the universal principle of non-refoulement (a number of international instruments relating to refugees), India cannot carry out collective expulsions, or return people to a place where they risk torture or other serious violations.” The state home minister’s statement to The Hindu Daily going against his earlier stand of repatriating the Rohingya refugees to Myanmar therefore seems to be quite significant and indicates the policy shift of the Indian government.

However prime minister Narendra Modi had in his earlier statements in Myanmar and India while expressing his serious concern over the situation has urged for the mature and peaceful resolution of this vexed issue. In the meanwhile reports are also pouring in that that the terror sponsering nation Pakistan is trying to take advantage of the situation as internationally known Pak terrorist Azar Masood has given a call to his hardcore terrorist cadres to infilterate in Myanmar and teach the government a befitting lesson through its terror activities.

There had already been number of protest demonstrations in favour of the Rohingya Muslim refugees in various parts of Pakistan asking various terror outfits to avenge the torture and victimsation of Rohingya Muslims in the Rohingya dominated Rakhine province and other parts of Myanmar by the Buddhists and the government there. There have also been voices for taking back the Noble prize from Noble laureate and the undisputed leader of Myanmar Buddhist community but the Noble prize committee has outrightly rejected the demand. While the United Nations has accelarated its efforts to resolve this vexed issue Bangladesh has raised its arms up expressing its total inability to accept the influx of ROHINGYA refugees on its soil as it’s already reeling under tremendous socio political and economic pressure within their own country.

The ethnic conflict in Myanmar has its roots since 1982 when through an act of the Myanmar government the Rohingya muslims were denied the citizenship. Since then the ethnic conflict between the Buddhists and the Rohingyas continued with gradual flushing out of the muslim population from the state.

A redical organisation fighting for the rights of Rohingya Muslims known as ARAKAN ROHINGYA SALVATION ARMY retaliated to the increasing torture of the Myanmar police and army in the last week of August, 2017 by bombing and firing on the Myanmar police posts at the Myanmar Bangladesh Border killing about 20 guards. This resulted in an increase in the conflict with blood bath around and incessant torture and killings of the Rohingyas fleeing from Myanmar saving their lives. Till date as per the United Nations’ statistics about 3 lacs Rohingya Muslims have fled Myanmar for Bangladesh and India with thousands having taken refuge in extremely aweful and pitiable condition in Tefnak with UNHCR n some philanthropic organisations taking care of them.



Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s successful Myanmar visit after the impressive BRICS ‘ outcome deserves to be complimented fully. He concluded his trip’s  last lap by laying floral wrath and paying rich tributes to India’s last SHAHENSHA BAHADUR SHAH ZAFAR in Rangoon, now Yangam, who was also a great shayar and a calligrapher. India which shares approximately 1400 kilometer long border with Myanmar, earlier Burma, considers this country as its most important neighbor from the geopolitical interest as India would never risk a Budhist majority nation to fall in the manipulative tactics of expansionist China which is doing its best to entice this small nation under its diplomatic grip.

Myanmar is India’s old friend and its noble laureate undisputed leader Aung Sang kyi sought her education in India. Its India’s geopolitical compulsions that restricted prime minister Modi to raise the issue of Rohingya Muslims, 40000 of whom have migrated to India after having been thrown out of Rakhine, muslim dominated province after the clashes between the Budhists and the Rohingyas. About 1lac 25 thousand Rohingya Muslims are today in the lurch having been thrown out of Myanmar, majority of whom have sought refuge in Bangladesh and India in extremely pitiable condition. After the attack on border posts of Myanmar by a radical Rohingya organisation in which 20 Myanmar military guards were killed, the attacks on the Rohingya Muslims in Myanmar increased manifold with Bangladesh also flushing out majority of the refugees infiltrating the Bangladesh’s porous borders.

The Indian state Home Minister Kiran Rijuju has also declared that India would not hesitate to repatriate the Rohingya immigrants back to Myanmar. However, the matter is now in the Apex court which has asked the government to submit the detailed status report. The prime minister has instead of raising the Rohingya immigrants issue assured the Myanmar ruling establishment of completing various development projects pertaining to roads, hospitals and educational institution in the violence prone Rakhine province and other parts of Myanmar. India has also assured of vast financial and other form of support. Rakhine province is the primary home for Rohingyas and the epic center of the violence. India has overriding security and geo- political interest with this country, particularly in the context of China which is trying hard to manipulate Myanmar fall into its trap. It is pertinent here to mention that India would never  let Myanmar to be used by the North east militants as safe haven to carry out disruptive activities in the Himalayan states. India would also never like to see that the relations between Bangladesh and Myanmar deteriorate any further so that the expansionist and hegmonous China exploits it to its advantage by influencing either of these countries. Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s Myanmar visit, therefore can be termed as successful as acceptance of Indian developmental economic aid and various projects of Roads, Hospitals, educational institutions, military support etc  for the good of the Rakhine province and Myanmar may help him gain support and sympathy among the minorities in India and also  keep Myanmar at bay from China in the near future.

What’s your take on this, friends?