Tags Posts tagged with "Bhutan"

Bhutan

131
The visit of prime minister Narendra Modi to China in the first week of September to participate in the BRICS SUMMIT would definitely be a successful endeavor as the complex stand off between both the countries on the Doklam issue stands resolved to the satisfaction of both the countries.  
 
The prime minister will be in China on 5th and 6th September and would visit Myanmar on 7th. The heads of India, China, Russia, South Africa and Brazil are participating in this significant meet on security matters and other issues of mutual significance.
 
Being the largest democracy of the world and a super power in the making India holds an important position in this venture. Though China too is a very significant country being a highly progressive nation in terms of trade, technology and man power. Relations of India had been at loggerheads with China since 1962 war on border differences and there have been umpteen instances of China breaching the bilateral border agreements putting the Indo-China relations in further quandary.
 
The dragon has not only back stabbed  India in 1962 defying the established principle of peaceful co- existence and the popular slogan of HINDI-CHEENEE BHAI BHAI but has also intruded into Indian territories at Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Ladakh, Barahoti, Uttarakhand and border of Bhutan recently at the China, Sikkim and Bhutan Tri Junction thus posing a direct threat to our Siliguri corridor of the North Eastern States. There had been a number of bilateral visits of Prime Minister Modi and Chinese president Xi Jingping in India and China, respectively but to no avail. The national security advisors of both the countries too visited each other and held a number of bilateral talks but nothing fruitful happened except the latest settlement of the military and diplomatic stand off of two and a half-month-old  Doglang/Dokalam issue. Now the visit of prime minister MODI  to China on the sidelines of BRICS SUMMIT is being viewed as an extremely significant one that would perhaps open doors for more viable results in terms of the settling of border disputes and promote trade relations to new levels.
 
It may be recalled that China had been opposing India’s attempts to seek membership of  NSG and SC of UN since long and massively aiding and abetting Pakistan our arch rival, politically and militarily and has also invested 40 billion dollars in POK in it’s over ambitious China Pakistan Economic Corridor project. It has made its military base in POK to be used against India in the eventuality of war either with Pak or China. Let’s hope for the best that Prime minister Narendra Modi’s China visit helps in cementing good and trusted relations with the dragon and a new chapter in Indo-Sino relations takes shape in the near future. After China prime minister Modi will also visit Myanmar and meet its head of the state including noble laureate Aung Sung Kyi and sign bilateral trade agreements. Myanmar is an important neighbor of India and acknowledges tremendous amount of economic and trade help from INDIA.
 
CHINA is trying hard to influence Myanmar but the latter trusts India than to fall into the deceitful trap of the former.
 
SUNIL NEGI

40

Now called the National Museum of Bhutan above Paro Dzong is its ta dzong’ (watchtower), built in 1649 to protect the undefended dzong and renovated in 1968 to house the National Museum. The unusual round building is said to be in the shape of a conch shell, with 2.5m-thick walls. The ta dzong suffered damage in the 2011 earthquake but is due to reopen in 2016 as the nation’s premier museum. Until then a sample of the exhibits are currently on display in an adjacent annexe.

Displays include an impressive collection of ‘thangkas’, both ancient and modern, depicting Bhutan’s important saints and teachers, as well as fearsome festival masks grouped according to their tsechu dances. There’s a natural-history gallery with a 3D map of Bhutan, while the Heritage Gallery contains such oddities as an egg laid by a mule and a horse horn attributed to Guru Rinpoche, plus a few original iron links from the iron bridge at Tamchhog. An underground tunnel is said to lead from the watchtower to the water supply below.

Cameras are not allowed inside the museum, but you can photograph the ta dzong’ and surrounding grounds. The museum closes an hour earlier in winter (November to February).

Driving to the museum involves a 4km loop into the Dop Shari valley. After visiting, you can walk down a path from the museum to the dzong and back to the town, enjoying good views of the valley and of the Ugyen Pelri Palace. Alternatively, you can start the excellent hike to Zuri Dzong from just about the museum.

The Museum has got every detail scripted on their god’s and ancestors with a display of traditional attire followed by display of various inhabitants.

The National Museum performs an essential role as a preserver and promoter of Bhutanese cultural values. Preserving culture and cultural values is one of the Nine Domains of Gross National Happiness, the Bhutanese philosophy for national development.

The Nine Domains are:

  1. Psychological Well-being
  2. Ecological diversity and Resislience
  3. Health
  4. Education
  5. Culture
  6. Living Standard
  7. Time use and balance
  8. Community Vitality
  9. Good Governance

 

1277
India and China fail to arrive at any solution to the standoff at the tri-junction.

China’s building an all-weather road on Bhutan’s territory, one capable of sustaining heavy vehicles, was heavily disapproved by Bhutan and India. If Chinese claims the Doklam plateau, it would bring China within reach of India’s vulnerable ‘Chicken Neck’, the Siliguri Corridor. This has always been India’s ‘Achilles heel’ (a weakness or vulnerable point).

In 2007, India and Bhutan had made a Friendship Treaty. According to it, the two countries are committed to coordinate on issues concerning their national interests.

Neither side appears to be in a mood to cede (give up) ground. The Chinese side has laid down a condition that, India should withdraw its troops as a precondition, for essential peace talks. Implicit threats have already been exchanged.

Diplomacy should have been the way out, but no bilateral meeting took place between PM Narendra Modi and Chinese President Xi Jinping at the G20 summit. India’s friends are also unlikely to persuade China to step back.

 

PM Modi and Xi Jinping met at the G20 summit but no bilateral talks were held
PM Modi and Xi Jinping met at the G20 summit but no bilateral talks were held

India and China though are reluctant to engage in an open conflict, due to their own reasons. The Chinese economy is slowing down at present and it is also preparing for its 19th Party Congress, at which Xi Jinping hopes to establish full control.

If the situation is to be resolved, it would need the Special Representative Meeting (SRM) that was set up to deal with border issues. SRM has been used previously to deal with border matters. The Special Representatives should, hence, urgently establish contact and work out a modus vivendi (an arrangement allowing conflicting parties to coexist peacefully) that would ensure an efficient solution.