Education

Maharashtra: Prominent colleges to get autonomy to match global standards

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In a bid to reduce its financial burden without having to compromise on the quality of education, the government of Maharashtra has decided to award autonomous status to some of the prominent colleges of the state. The state cabinet on Tuesday accredited the status to Pune-based Fergusson College, the first to get the status.

“As per the Rashtriya Uchchattam Shikshan Abhiyan, the central government has sponsored the scheme to improve the quality of education. The expenses of these autonomous colleges will be borne by the Centre and the state government with a ratio of 60:40. However, the state government has been facing a huge fund crunch. So, it has told the colleges who are applying for the autonomous status that the state’s 40 per cent contribution should be shared by them only while the 60 per cent fund they can obtain from the Centre under Rashtriya Uchchattam Shikshan Abhiyan,” a senior government official said on the condition of anonymity.

A total of 800 colleges are affiliated with the Mumbai and Pune University and more than seven lakh students study here. However, as per the global standards, there should be a maximum of 100 colleges affiliated with any varsity with a strength of 50,000 students.

“Most of our universities are overburdened. We want to cut down this burden. So, we have got two options: either division of the university or autonomous status to colleges. Colleges which are financially strong and have got the legacy of educations can apply for the status. Besides, they are getting a good ranking by the National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) and other educational parameters. These colleges can come forward and get the autonomous status. It will help reduce the financial burden of the state and improve the education quality at the same time,” the official, who was part of the cabinet meeting on Tuesday, added.

The cabinet note says that the government has decided to give the autonomous status in order for the colleges to compete with international universities. “Our focus is to teach the job oriented syllabus. Besides, emphasising on the research and development and innovations. The government will provide the fund for the development of infrastructure and all-round development of students. We are have also received the applications from Saint Xavier’s college, Mumbai. We have also issued the notification allowing to set up the self-financed and autonomous universities. The government cannot take every responsibility and burden. Henceforth, we will work as a regulator,” the official said.

CRITERIA

800 colleges are affiliated with the Mumbai, Pune University. As per global standards, there should be a maximum of 100 colleges affiliated with any varsity with a strength of 50,000 students

Nisha Shiwani has worked in many companies in various capacities and in her free time loves to express herself through her articles. She is based out of the pink city Jaipur.

Education

Singaporian painter YC exhibits his outstanding painting skills on Lodhi Colony govt quarters’ walls

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The Singaporian Painter Yip Yew Chong drawing n painting( graffiti in making) over the residential walls in Lodhi Colony to give the walls a fascinating look. It’s an initiative of an NGO called Start India ( Street Art India) where in majority of the residential walls of government quarters at Lodhi colony are being painted by artists from various countries to beauty the ambience of the colony n also to promote the street art culture. Huge amount of paint that is being used in these art work is reportedly being sponsered by Asian Paints n so is the crane used in the process, being provided free of costs by its manufacturers.

Many budding painters n commercial artists are participating in this endeavour to fine tune their calibre in painting with experienced, outstanding artists n painters. Lodhi Colony govt quarter walls with magnificient graffities have become hot spots for selfies n pre wedding shoots in the capital where students of Arts, the local residents n young ones collect for photo shoots using these serene/ attractive/ fascinating backgrounds. Even the You Tube professionals are making full use of these magnificient walls with colourful art work as attractive backgrounds for their shoots.

The residents n onlookers enjoy this outstanding feats of artists while they are busy painting the huge walls. In the first instance the walls chosen fit for painting are scratched of old n unwanted plasters and are fully repainted. The artists then come into the picture who first draw sketches of the art and thereafter multicolour painting executed. The process of drawing art n painting is going on for several months n many foreign painters have participated in the exercise with Delhi’s budding painters too fine tuning their art through these wall paintings in Lodhi Colony.

Singaporian Painter Yip Yew Chong said that after reaching Delhi at the painting spot in Lodhi Colony he was having no idea what to draw n paint on the walls. He therefore walked in the locality for few days to watch the peoples’lifestyle and happenings in the surroundings.

After observing the stray cows roaming in the colony, residents reading newspaper n flute baloon seller busy roaming the locality to earn hislivelihood, I finally decided to paint them n this is how I made up my mind. YC was on crane for at least 6 to 7 hours painting the balloon n fluteseller finally giving precision to his art work. Kudos.

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Education

IITs, varsities to mentor schools: HRD minister Prakash Javadekar

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Calling for a need to create curiosity among primary school children to lead towards innovation, Union HRD minister Prakash Javadekar on Thursday said that the teaching pedagogy of primary teachers needs to be changed. While acknowledging the fact that there are some teachers, driven by their passion, have introduced innovative methods of teaching math and science, Javadekar said, “To innovate, there is a need to develop curiosity among primary school children. Once a child lags behind in math and science, the gap increases. Hence it becomes important to focus on how to teach these subjects, using interactive ways. And for the same, big equipment is not needed, only big ideas are needed. Some teachers find out innovative ways to teach, we need to bring them together to share their practices.”

We have also decided to seek help from IIT’s, ISER or top universities to mentor 10-15 nearby schools and train the teachers in innovative ways of teaching these subjects. At the roundtable, we had experts from all over to discuss on the same”, he said while attending a seminar on Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) as part of the 9th Vibrant Gujarat Global Summit.

Apart from the seminar held at Science City, two unique exhibitions on futuristic technology and space are also held.

Terming STEM carrying immense importance in the coming years, Javadekar said, “Any country’s success depends on innovation and new discoveries. We have also decided to incubate start-ups from hostel rooms. We have already built 2000 Atal Tinkering Labs and caters to class 6 to class 12 children where they use robotics, artificial intelligence and 3D printing to bring solutions.”

FOR STUDENTS, TEACHERS

The exhibition has been produced by American Museum of Natural History, New York in collaboration with MadaTech: The Israel National Museum of Science, Technology, & Space, Haifa, Israel. The exhibition is divided into amazing sections, including Solar System Theatre, Returning to the Moon, Exploring Asteroids, Voyaging to Mars, Reaching the Outer Solar System and Beyond Our Solar System.

Interestingly, the event will also have a display of new age and future technologies like Microsoft Halo lens, IBM Watson, Google Li-fi, Amazon Alexa, lifesaving U-Safe that can drive itself around in the water by remote control to save any life, Smart Home Automation, Mixed Reality/Augmented Reality, Inventor Robotics– Mitra, Holographic Technology, Companion robot, indigenous space suit and supercomputers and so on. Multiple firms like Microsoft, IBM, Amazon, Corning etc., with advanced technology in terms of AI, IOT, robotics and drones to mentor the students as well as faculty with world-class technological advancement. There will be around 55 different companies presenting their products including national and international.

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Education

CBSE to introduce two levels of Maths exam for class 10 students in 2020

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The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) will introduce two levels of examination in Mathematics for Class 10 students in 2020 to cater to different kinds of learners.

The nomenclature for the two examinations will be Mathematics – Standard, for the existing level of examination, and Mathematics – Basic, for the easier level, according to a circular issued by the CBSE.

The present level and curriculum of the subject would continue to remain the same, it said.

As per the National Curriculum Framework, not only would the two levels of examination cater to different kinds of learners and allow different levels of testing, it would also reduce overall student stress levels, the circular said.

“It is well known that students experience the greatest stress before and during their most ‘difficult’ subject exam,” it said.

“Keeping in view of this important aspect and as evidenced by the board results, the board has decided to introduce two levels of examination in Mathematics for the students who are going to appear in the board examination for the academic session ending March 2020 onwards,” it said.

The syllabus, classroom teaching and internal assessment for both the levels would remain the same, so that the students get an opportunity to study the whole range of topics throughout the year and are able to decide upon the level of board examination depending upon their aptitude and abilities.

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Education

Doyen of environmental protection globally famous, Padma Vibhushan Bahuguna turns 92 today

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world famous Chipko leader Sunder Lal Bahuguna

Today is the 92nd Birthday of eminent environmentalist of world fame Sunderlal Bahuguna. While wishing the living legend all the very best n good luck for his long life , I m re publishing here the interview taken by me at his Dehradun residence about three years ago. It was indeed a great privilege to have got an opportunity to interview him. Hope you will go through n assess the interaction for yourself:

Interview of Sunder lal Bahuguna,
by SUNIL NEGI

Having completed 88 years of his struggleful life, a living legend and an institution in himself, Sunderlal Bahuguna is widely known as a Chipko leader of international fame. Recipient of many coveted honours for environment, ecological conservation n for preserving the forests of Uttarakhand Himalayas viz. Padmavibhushan, Padmashree, Jamunalal bajaj and prestigious international Right Livelyhood Awards, Sunderlal Bahuguna undertook 74 days of incessant hunger strike against Tehri dam during the eighties. Sunil Negi, a freelance journalist visited him at Dehradun and interviewed him in detail. Here are some excerpts of the interview.

Question: Sir, you‘ve just completed the protracted 88 challenging years of your life last month. You’ve almost given more than 7 decades of your pivotal life to environment conservation, against rampant deforestation and social service as a Gandhi an. How does u feel now?

As you know, having been on the 89th year of my life I am not keeping a good health. I am bed ridden most of the time. I am really grateful and rather thankful to my better half Vimlaji for looking after me entirely and taking care of my health very minutely. This is how I am able to push my immortality further ahead. However my son in law is also a senior doctor under whose able and experienced medical supervision and monitoring I am alive. I have been given to understand by the cardiologists that two of my heart’s arteries are blocked but due to being too old, surgery can’t be conducted. I am therefore moving ahead quite cautiously. Never mind, one has to leave this materialistic world one day. But till one is alive one should always try hard to live for the society, environment, ecology and peoples’ welfare. Even today I am deeply bothered and concerned about the environmental health of the Himalayas, Uttarakhand and its people. I regret to say that even after Uttarakhand gaining its separate existence 15 years’ ago , has not lived up truly, to the peoples’ expectations. The very concept for which Uttrakhand has been formed has been badly defeated despite 46 movement activists sacrificing their precious lives. The successive governments, I think eight in numbers, during the last 15 years , have proved to be completely futile as during this period more than 30 lakh people have migrated to cities, towns and metropolis of the country for want of better job and health avenues. What a tragedy? Had the governments of the state been genuinely concerned about people’s problems related to the social, economical, industrial, cultural, health and educational aspects, the exodus of the youth and the local populace would not have been so tremendous. Isn’t is shocking that in merely one and a half decade just more than a double digit figure( of people ) have migrated outside Uttarakhand as compared to the total influx during the last 5 decades prior to granting of separate Uttrakhand status.

Question: But the government of Uttarakhand had always been boasting of extraordinary growth rate and sufficient per capita income as compared to other states. What’s your take on this?

This is absurd and ridiculous. I have always been saying for years together and it has finally been substantiated by this mass scale exodus of youths to plains from UK and i.e. the youth and the water of Uttarakhand Himalayas has never been of any use for Uttarakhand.(Pahadon ki jawani aur paani kabhi bhi pahadon ke kaam nahi aaya).The way the water of the Ganges and its tributaries emanating(starting) from Uttarkhand Himalayas has been exploited by the outsiders either for power and irrigation through large scale dams or for other purposes, similarly the youths of Uttarakhand after migrating to cities and metropolis are of no use to the hills. This is something very unfortunate. You will be astonished and shocked to learn that during the 1960s when Dr. Longanathan had conducted the interstate and inter district economic survey in India, Tehri Garhwal was accounted for as the one of the most poorest districts’ with its per capita income the lowest in whole of India whereas the district of Kumaon division, Almora was the second most poorest in the country. And unfortunately even today, despite of the government’s tall claims of revolutionary change in terms of development and per capita income and growth, in my personal opinion the hills of Uttarakhand are still backward and poor as far as the question of unemployment, poor health services and industrialisation is concerned. It’s only because of the lack of total absence of decentralised socio-economic and industrial development and the anti people policies of the current and the successive state governments that Uttarakhand is still a number one state in India in terms of massive exodus of youths to the cities with villages becoming empty day by day and the agricultural fields not prone to KHETI or crop cultivation. During the ancient days the main source of income of the hill people was through spiritual tourism. Now, since roads have been constructed this very source of income of the local hill populace has also been finished. It sounds extremely surprising that in Uttarakhand the land use per human is comparatively much more but poverty is still prevalent in the interior villages, as usual. Our economic sources have been killed. The state’s economic status is in doldrums despite the government’s tall claims of economic prosperity. The hill of Uttarakhand had been merely dependent on the money order economy since ages and the same trend is still continuing as majority of the youths of the state have migrated to cities for jobs. This a very disturbing trend. If the government of the day would not reform itself and work on decentralised economic development right up to the village level I am afraid in the near future the villages will be totally bereft of people and the very purpose for which the Uttrakhand state came into very existence would be actually defeated.

Question: Being a seasoned environmentalist and a Gandhian what is the actual remedy to this very problem?

I personally think that the spate of huge exodus (migration) to the plains is extremely dangerous form the social, economic, cultural and security points of view of Uttarakhand. And I keep the security aspect on the top. It’s a universal fact that expansionist China considers India as its enemy number one, though number of mutual visits by the respective heads of the states of both the countries is being undertaken for normalisation of the relations. Everybody know how China backstabbed us in 1962 after giving the slogan of Hindi Cheeni Bhai Bhai. Today China is actively constructing its Army bases in neighbouring Nepal. It has even laid down its hi tech railway lines and roads in close proximity to our borders with Nepal playing a major role in helping them. Even the Nepalese population is widespread in various blocks, districts and cities of Uttarakhand. China is absolutely readying itself to capture, militarily our border areas and villages by bringing the local Nepalese people into confidence. Moreover, in view of our border villages being emptied day by day by the local populace in view of dearth of employment and other opportunities our already fragile borders are in grave danger. It’s only because of this major lacunae I had always been appealing to the central government to formulate a concrete Hiamalayan policy for all the Himalayan states of the country so as to enable not only the solid conservation of the environment of the Himalayas but also to safeguard the borders of the Himalayan states from the possible Chinese armed intrusion inside our already porous borders. Apart from this, we will also have to change the land use of the hills including the phased wise clearance of the pine trees from the higher altitudes of the hilly terrains which are direct threat to our agricultural and mountainous lands(slopes) making them totally barren and not prone to cultivation any further. The pine trees make the soil fully acetic and therefore impotent in terms of crops cultivation. All these measures would have to be inculcated in the Himalayan Policy structure of the government if we actually y want our hills, Himalayan states and Himalayas to be protected from future onslaughts of the nature and our neighbouring China. In addition to this the government is hell bent upon constructing bigger dams in the Himalayan states which are completely anti environment, anti rivers, anti people and anti development. In nutshell I would say that formulation of a concrete Himalayan policy with the above cited points and change of land use of Uttarakhand hills compounded with small and run of the river hydropower projects n repatriation of people from cities to hills is the only effective alternative that can save Uttarakhand from further destruction and deaths.

Question: Recently, the government of Uttarakhand had in principle agreed to your proposal that the pine trees situated at high altitudes of the mountains will be abruptly cut in a phased manner, under a special policy to rid the hills of this dangerous species, which is entirely harmful . Does it not amount to fulfilling of one of your major long pending demands? Are u satisfied now?

Had it been so easy and convenient, I think the previous governments would have conveniently made the Uttarakhand hills bereft of these pine trees. Making hills bereft of pine trees is one thing but planning multiple species of productive and environmentally friendly tree in large numbers alternatively to substantiate for the losses of pine is another important aspect of the problem. You see, you can’t make the forests bald at a single go without arranging for planting of huge number of good species on the high altitude terrains. If the mountainous terrains are made completely bereft of pine trees in a single go or even in phased manner the hills will become completely bald and there will be imminent danger of earthquakes, floods, landslides, natural catastrophes and other sort of calamities. The roots of the trees not only keep the soil together but also stop the floods and avoids huge landslides are the order of the day in the Uttarakhand Hills. Not only this but the ­ incessant and massive cutting of pine trees will apart from creating environmental and ecological havoc also create a new breed of timber mafia who under the guise of making huge profits will also cut other useful species of productive and environment friendly trees. Uttarakhand is unfortunately already in the grip of such mafias who are amassing huge wealth in collaboration with politicians by way of illegal mining in various parts of the state as a result of which the already fragile environment of Uttarakhand is at stake and giving birth to natural calamities of gigantic proportions.

Question: You had always been concerned for the environmental conservation and deforestation of the Hills and had been on 74 days hunger strike against Tehri dam. How do u look at the catastrophic disaster of Kedar Valley that happened in June 2013. Can we avert such calamities in the near future?

Nobody can ever control the catastrophic disasters nor can we predict it on definite basis as to when exactly the calamity arrives. Yes we do can counter it to a great extent. Today unfortunately, under the guise of revolutionary scientific developments and the blind uncontrolled race of technological advancements, the whole world is under the grip of global warming created by huge green house emissions. A vast population of India and other countries of the world are suffering from various respiratory disorders and diseases like asthma, of heart and lungs including contagious abnormalities. This dangerous trend of global warming has not only increased the mortality rate world over but has also resulting in speedy melting of the Himalayan glaciers which are highly dangerous to the global civilization’s existence. The gigantic Himalayan catastrophe of 2013 which I consider purely a manmade one is merely an indication of future disasters in the offing measuring as just a tip of an iceberg. Whenever the humanity has played with the nature under the guise of anti environmental scientific developments or advancements, the nature has slapped humanity and governments with massive ecological disasters like that of Kedar valley one that happened in June 2013.Uttarakhand Himalaya is considered to be an abode of Gods where spiritual and cultural tourism would have been majorly encouraged but unfortunately the unholy nexus of the capitalists, builders, contractor, politicians and corrupt bureaucracy has by way of building huge dams, buildings, luxury hotels, buildings for commercial gains and huge structures alongside the rivers have literally played havoc with our already fragile environment, hills, rivers and the local populace thus inviting such huge calamities taking the toll of thousands and leading to colossal loss to public exchequer. We shouldn’t forget that huge dams not only control the smooth flow of rivers, but also lead to massive landslides and therefore in return to flash floods. The explosions at dam sites lead to landslides and make our hills hollow and vibratory from inside. Lots of deforestation takes place. Mountains become bereft of plants, trees and green vegetation. And when earthquake occur the hollow and weak hills in the form of huge landslides including building come down like the pack of cards. The tons of silt coming out of the tunnels of dams fall straightaway in the rivers making them narrow and hugely prone to flash floods. There are umpteen other reasons that make our hills and its environment prone to such disasters and fatal consequences.

Question: lst query. How do u rate the internationally famous CHIPKO MOVEMENT of which you were a very significant part. Do u think that it was a successful movement or a failure, not able to come to peoples’ expectation?

In my personal opinion and also in the opinion of environmentalists’ world over Chipko Movement was a trendsetter which mobilised a vast population of the globe towards environment conservation and against deforestation. It make people mobilised and worked as a major and most effective tool that not only made people environmentally friendly, conscious but also led to many struggles felling of trees and construction of big dams world over. I can say it did have a very strong international presence but not that much effective in India. I salute Gaura Devi who was the chief architect of this movement for her perseverance, grit , determination and dedication to this noble cause. Any movement which has with it the continuity is considered as success but in the context of this movement it definitely lacked the sequel. Had the governments strictly followed the tips of Chipko movement on toto I am sure the hills of Uttarakhand Himalayas , its environment, ecology and the conditions of its people would have improved manifold by now. My two main slogans to preserve the ecology of the hills and improve the lot of the people were” Dhaar Einch Paani meaning bring the water through the hydraulic system or other means on the hill tops” ar Dhaal par taal meaning plant productive trees and fruit plants on the slopes of these hills in huge numbers leading to all round prosperity, progress and economic viability of the hills, its environment and the people. That’s it.

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Delhi

Book titled Meera authored by the ailing young author n classical singer Meera Gairola released

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MEERA book being released by former Uttarakhand chief minister Dr. Ramesh Pokhariyal Nishan at his Delhi residence

The former chief minister of Uttarakhand and MP Dr. Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank released a book titled “Meera” at his residence authored by a dedicated author and a classical singer Meera Gairola in the presence of several writers, few journalists, social activists, regional film artists, theatre actors, singers, musicians and social activists.

Dr. Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank congratulated Meera for her dedicated services to the society through her writings and classical singing despite the unfortunate fact that she is on dialysis with both her kidneys non functional.

He also assured her of all possible financial assistence and high class medical aid and prayed to Almighty for her long life.

Each of the invitees praised Meera for her tremendous courage, intellectuality, commitment and dedication for pursuing music, singing and writing with strong will and determination confronting all odds and challenges thus contributing to the society forgetting her prolonged ailing health condition.

The book titled Meera portrays her incessant struggle in pursuing her goals fighting the worst with immense courage and strong will power, thus inspiring one and all to face worst odds cheerfully n with determination in the most challenging situations of life.

I salute her courage dedication, commitment n determination to move ahead despite such a bad health condition said the former chief minister Dr. Nishank.

All those present in the book release function unanimously wished Meera Gairola best of luck, lauded her valuable contribution to the society and prayed to Almighty earnestly for her long n healthy life in future. God bless her with all His might. It may be recalled that there are few other books to Meera Gairola’s credit and she is a promising classical n folk singer as well including her young daughter pursuing classical training.

Prominent amongst those who spoke on the ocassion were literateur Ramesh Ghildiyal, author Meera Gairola, Ajay Bisht, President of Uttarakhand Journalists Forum Sunil Negii, Dr . Priyasi, General Secretary of GHS Dr. Pawan Maithani n President GHS Mohabbat Singh Rana , film director Sushila Rawat etc.

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Education

7th pay commission: Big win for these employees as government agrees for pay revision

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7th pay commission: Good news for BSNL employees as central government agrees to fulfil many demands including revision of pay and pension. In a circular dated 13th December 2018, the All Unions and Associations of BSNL (AUAB) said the decisions were made in a meeting with the Department of Telecom (DoT) and Minister of State for Telecommunication Manoj Sinha.
The minister said that DoT had already written to the Ministry of Finance, with a positive recommendation, to solve this issue. A favourable reply is awaited from the Finance Ministry, after which this problem will be settled.
According to the circular, DoT had agreed to the demand to de-link the pension revision of BSNL retirees, from the Pay Revision of the serving employees. AUAB had taken the stand that Pension Revision is no way linked with Pay revision or the affordability of BSNL and it is finally accepted by DoT.
The breakthrough will strengthen the employees’ demand for Pay Revision with full 15% fitment.
DoT had already prepared the Cabinet Note for allotting 4G spectrum to BSNL, and immediately after the notice was issued for indefinite strike, it was sent for Inter-Ministerial Consultation.
Earlier, BSNL employee unions of BSNL decided to defer their indefinite strike to December 10 if they fail to resolve issues in the proposed meeting with Telecom Minister Manoj Sinha.
BSNL unions have been demanding allocation of 4G spectrum to the public sector firm so that it is able to compete in the market and keep up the market share.
The employees are also demanding wage revision as per recommendations of 2nd and 3rd pay revision committee.

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Education

Education expenses can get you tax benefits

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In order to promote education, the government provides benefits to individual taxpayers in respect of certain expenses incurred by them for education. Let us discuss these tax benefits.
Tuition fee for children
You can claim deduction up to Rs 1.50 lakh every year for tuition fee paid for full-time education of your children in India. A taxpayer can claim this deduction only in respect of two children. In case you have more than two children, your earning spouse can separately claim deduction for other children. This tax benefit is available by way of deduction with other eligible items like provident fund contribution, Public Provident Fund, repayment of principal of home loan, life insurance premium, National Savings Certificate, Equity Linked Savings Scheme, etc. The educational institution has to be situated in India to be eligible for this benefit.
Since this benefit covers expenses for full-time education only, payments made to coaching classes are not eligible for this benefit. Parents can You can claim this benefit irrespective of whether your child is financially dependent on you or not.
This deduction is available for tuition fee only and any payment in the nature of donation or development fee paid to the educational institution is not eligible for this benefit. In case the fee for even one child exceeds the eligible amount of Rs 1.50 lakh in a year, the other spouse can claim the deduction in respect of the balance amount for the same child within the available limit of Rs 1.50 lakh.
Interest on education loan
In addition to tuition fee paid, you can also claim deduction under Section 80E for interest paid for education loan taken for higher education of some specified relatives. Higher education for this purpose means any educational course undertaken after completion of SSC. You can claim this benefit for education loan taken for yourself, your spouse, children, or a child for whom you are a legal guardian.
This deduction is available for eight consecutive years starting from the year in which you start paying interest. It is available on payment basis. So in case of payment of arrears of interest in a year, the benefit is available for full interest paid during the year, irrespective of the year to which the interest paid pertains.
There is no limit on the quantum of deduction available for interest. This benefit is available even for education loan taken for part-time course anywhere.
The education loan for availing this benefit has to be availed from a financial institution or an approved charitable institution in India. The financial institution includes bank or any other institution approved by the government. The charitable institution should likewise be recognised by the central government. So if you borrow from your friends or relatives for your education, you cannot claim this deduction for interest paid to them.
Employer-provided allowances
In addition to the above benefits available to all individual tax payers, whether salaried and self-employed, tax laws also allow exemption for certain allowances received by employees from their employer.
An education allowance up to Rs 100 per month per child for two of your children is fully tax-free. Likewise a hostel allowance received and spent by you is exempt up to Rs 300 for each child, for up to two children. You can claim these exemptions only if your employer provides you such allowance separately as part of your salary

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Education

Mumbai: School principals concerned for SSC students’ academic performance

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School principals across the city are concerned about whether SSC students’ academic performance in the board exams will be poor if not better, following the change in syllabus and the scrapping of the 20-marks internal exams. The Secondary School Certificate (SSC) introduced a new syllabus this year and also declared a new paper pattern for 100 marks instead of scrapping exams of 20 marks.

Some school principals said the students have already performed poorly in the recent semester exams than in the previous year. A principal from a western suburb school said, “This semester exam class 10 students, who will be appearing for the SSC board exam have performed worst then students before them. It is may be due to the new paper pattern and most of the exams are 100 marks. Their poor performance is seen mostly in the language papers that don’t have an internal 20 marks exam. Our principal’s association have approached the board and we have heard that they may think of something for students. How the students will perform in board exam we will come to know after they give their prelim exam.”

Another principal, and secretary of Mumbai Principals Association, Prashant Redij said, “Maybe due to the new syllabus, students can’t refer to previous papers. So they have performed badly this semester exam. Also, because some of the exams are now for 100 marks, students will need to write more as internal marks exams are scrapped. We are worried about how well students perform in the board exams. The board says that when students were given internal marks, they were scoring poorly in theory exams. In order to improve their writing skills 100 marks exams are introduced.”

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Education

7th Pay Commission: A big salary hike forthcoming in January 2019

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The Maharashtra Government is ready to execute the proposals of the pay commission soon. This is certainly a good news in connection with the 7th pay commission for a certain segment of the employees.
Enforcement soon
The Maharashtra Government has planned to enforce the recommendations of the pay commission according to Deepak Kesarkar, Junior Finance Minister. He made this announcement in the Legislative Council in reply to a question asked by Question Hour.
Reportedly, he mentioned that the state government had established a committee under KP Bakshi, a retired bureaucrat and it’s report would be released soon. However, he added that the government would not wait for the report and the implementation of 7th pay commission will begin from January 2019.
When will it be implemented?
The Junior Finance Minister reportedly said that the proposals of the pay panel would be enforced from January 2019 onwards. The good news for the employees is just a month away.
5 day week norm
Reportedly, the minister also said that the consent would be taken by the Bakshi committee on the constant demand by the employees for the five day week working in Maharashtra state as adopted by the Centre.
Retrospective effect
The minister also added that the arrears of the 7th pay commission will be provided with retrospective effect from January 2016 . The dearness allowance will be provided with retrospective effect from the last 14 months. To pay the arrears of 7th pay commission from January 2016, the state would require Rs20,000 crore. The government would need Rs5,000 crore yearly to revise the pay band width for nearly 19 lakh government employees.

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Education

Ganga rejuvenation Plan: How far have we succeeded in cleaning the Ganges ?

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There had been repeated assurances by the union government and the Namame Gange authority about cleansing of the Ganges and making it completely free of pollution by 2019 but it seems that despite the best efforts of the agencies concerned this 20000 crore over ambitious flagship programme of prime minister Narendra Modi seems to be not up to the mark with the speed of progress being quite feeble as compared to the zeal and enthusiasm it posessed in the initial years of the start of this revival project in 2014 after the BJP led NDA government assumed power at the centre.

The previous minister of Water Resources and Ganga Rejuvenation Uma Bharti who’d been quite active in her efforts to achieve the proposed target had assured that the Ganges will be made pollution free by 2018 but was divested of her responsibilities and Nitin Gadkari brought in, in her place.

Gadkari is considered to be an action oriented minister who’s believed to have been quite active in achieving the proposed targets by 2019.

The national elections are due for next year, just 8 months ahead and no concrete or credible progress seems to have been done in this regard till yet.

There have been constant protests and fast unto death hunger strikes by the proponents of clean Ganges movement and two of the saints and environmentalists Swamy Nigmanand and Dr. GD Aggrawal alias Swamy Swaroopanand had already laid down their precious lives after undertaking about 100 days fast demanding pollution free Ganges and complete stoppage to mining along the banks of Ganges and construction of big dams affecting the smooth and constant flow of the ancient river.

As per the report of the swachindia. ndtv till 2017 during the three years only 35 to 40 of the 86 Sewage Treatment Plants have been completed n 1114.75 kilometres of the sewage network completed against the proposed 4031. 41 kilometres. About 64 crematoriums along the banks of the Ganges have also been built to discourage immersion of dead bodies in the river but the achivement seems to be quite less as compared to the actual requirements. Even Ganga Ghats have been modernised in all the five states through which the Ganga flows but the pollution level has hardly shown any improvement as was expected.

According to Vijay Goyal, minister of state for water resources and Ganga Rejuvenation Plan, the remaining work would be completed by 2020. Similarly out of the total 704 polluting industries alongside the Ganges thoroughly inspected by the Ganga River Basin Authority merely 48 industries have been asked to be shut down.

In addition till now only 134 modernised river ghats have been constructed and 3234 villages along the river Ganges made defecation free wheras the target is much much higher.

Ganga which is 2,525 kilometres in length passing through the five states supplies 40% water to the entire populace of the country.

While thousands of crores have been already spent on Ganga rejuvenation plans by successive governments but no credible work seem to have been carried to clean the Ganges .

Till 2017 the concerned agencies and Namame Gange authority could hardly use Rs. 2000 crores roughly in the works related to clean Ganga mission.

Meanwhile , the union government is deliberating with the experts from Germany, Laos, Austria and Egypt among others to evolve a modern n hi tech Ganga River Basin Management Plan.

At a two day workshop convened by the German Society for international cooperation and the National Mission of Clean Gange in New Delhi, the union government discussed the experience of the countries managing foreign rivers such as Danube, Rhine n Mekong. The conference focussed on finding the sources of pollution and ways and means to clean it.

According to the director of the National Mission for Clean Ganga Ranjan Mishra there is already a draft Ganga law in the anvil that is meant to ensure the health and ecological viability of the river and is under active discussion at the ministrial level to be further passed by the union cabinet.

The river basin plan is much more comprehensive said Ranjan Mishra. The joint conference focussed on seven missions for mandatory interventions viz. Ecological restoration, smooth and uninterrupted ( constant ) river flow, Disaster management, Geological safeguarding, Sistainable agriculture, Environmental knowhow n sensitisation.

Prime minister Narendra Modi infact needs to be lauded for his incessant efforts and credible initiatives to ensure that the ancient river is cleaned, made pollution free and rid it of  the increasing onslaughts of hundreds of tanneries, chemical industries supplying highly toxic substances, huge drains throwing poisionous silt in Ganga and the people throwing tons and tons of rubbish including the dead bodies into the river.

But despite all this the spate of progress is too slow with alleged wastage of funds worth thousands of crores since long.

There is more of politics in the Ganges rejuvenation process than the actual execution of credible work. If compared to the rivers of countries abroad the Ganges seems to be in quite and ugly shape n lots needs to be done with the hi tech intervention in collaboration of the foreign companies with expertise than dealing with the issue indegionously.

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