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Cyber Attack is an offensive activity employed by nation-states, individuals or organizations that target computer information systems, computer networks, infrastructure etc. This attack is referred differently as a cyber campaign, cyber warfare or cyber terrorism.

In the past, there were continuous cyber attacks witnessed all over the world. No matter what the size of the organization is, the cyber attack takes place in any organization whether big or small. Here is a list of some of the riskiest cyber attacks in the world’s history, which till now are unforgettable.

Robert Tappan Morris and the Morris Worm (1988)

Cornell University’s student, namely Morris of USA was the inventor of the Morris worm- the first worm which was transferable through the Internet. According to him, his intention was not to harm anyone but he had a safe purpose of showing the expanse of the web. Everything started getting worse when the worm experienced an error and gradually transformed into a virus which infected other computers too. According to the reports, about 6000 computers were infected by this worm and their repair expenditure was between $10 – $100 million dollars.

Solar Sunrise (1998)

Occurred in the US, this cyber attack captured and infected over 500 government and private computer systems. Named Solar Sunrise because the target of this attack was the computers working through the Sun Solaris operating system.

The Melissa Virus (1999)

David Smith was the inventor of Melissa. This virus caused a damage of about $80 million. It infected the Microsoft Word documents and sends itself as an attachment through emails to the first 50 usernames in the Outlook and through this, it used to spread to other computers and infect them.

MafiaBoy led to a loss (2000)

Michael Calce a.k.a. MafiaBoy was the mastermind behind the loss. The MafiaBoy had an intention of discharging an attack on the well-known commercial websites e.g. Amazon, Yahoo, CNN, and eBay. He led to a loss of $1.2 billion dollars. The accused was kept in the open court for 8 months, i.e. his movements were made limited. His Internet usage was also made limited.

Attack on the Internet (2002)

A digital assault pointed solidly at all 13 domain name framework’s root servers in the US practically pushed the Internet to the brink of collapse. The time period of the collapse was approximately an hour. The attack did not have any detrimental effects but if the attack would have lasted longer, it would have made the Internet worse.

Google China (2009)

In the mid-December, the China’s Google headquarters noticed worms in their systems, blaming the Chinese Government for it. During the investigation, it was found that advocates of the human rights in China were having access to various emails from the G-mail without any permission.

Credit Cards Hacking (2009)

This hacking was done by t Gonzales was in charge of fixing countless debit cards and credit card numbers from more than 250 banks. The target audience were many organizations including the 7- Eleven convenient store chain.

WannaCry Ransomware (2016)

As per reports, India falls in the category of those 99 countries that were stimulated by a massive cyber attack. In past, it has majorly affected huge companies – two South India banks, two Delhi-based Indian assembling organizations, one assembling unit of an MNC, corporate central station of a Mumbai-based aggregate and a Mumbai-based FMCG organization. More than 100 PCs of Andhra Pradesh police have likewise been influenced.

South Indian part of our country became the prey of these cyber attacks which targeted computers running Microsoft Windows operating system. Carrying out using WannaCry (malware), the attack was considered to be a ransomware. This ransomware is a digital system that locks down the systems by encoding the data on it.

With rising e-parasite attacks, it is time to take preventive measures to lessen the risks of these Cyber Attacks.

1) Using passwords that are difficult to access:

Your passwords must be easy to remember but difficult to assume by any third person. Don’t just use letters or numerical. Use a combination of these to make the password more complex which reduces the chances of your data getting hacked. For example instead of 12345 or abcde, one can write a2b3c1d4. Usage of signs and symbols along with the password makes them stronger.

2) Lock your phone and laptop:

Make sure you always have a preferable lock in your laptop and mobile phone. By chance, if your phone or laptop is lost, so that no other random person can access it the usage of locking system is preferred. Facilities such as remote tracking and remote wiping are much helpful in this case.

3) Change your Wi-Fi password:

Change the default password that your Wi-Fi router came with. This is the password that even the Wi-Fi setter knows. Well, this is risky. So, think of it and put a new password for your Wi-Fi connection.

4) Be aware of the social networking sites:

Nowadays, even the social networking sites get hacked. Enter no personal and confidential information in these sites.

5) Different service, different password:

Use different passwords for various services. Same password for every multiple service results in less security. Hence, it is risky. This implies that if a programmer has one secret word, he or she has the greater part of your passwords.

6) No random hard drives allowed:

Do not use pen drives and hard drives which you don’t trust. Don’t put your computer at risk if the source is unknown. You never know, which hard drive is made with an intention of stealing your data present in your system.

7) Be careful while installing apps:

Read all the permissions before installing any app rather than avoiding them. You should be aware of the permissions the apps are taking from your cell phones. They might be accessing your personal information like contacts, location or your phone’s camera, which leads to encouragement of Cyber Attacks.

8) Use a secure website:

There is a need to ensure that the website is secure before you enter any of your confidential information in them. Check that the web address of that website starts with “//”. This proves that the website is totally secure.

To conclude, Cyber Attacks now are constantly increasing at a rapid pace which is alarming for the whole nation. Hence, these preventive measures can be a turning point to make strong gateways of our online accounts and websites.



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Facebook and volunteers of a social organisation helped in uniting an old woman to her family! Kudos



The social networking site Facebook and whatsapp are extremely significant if used for good and healthy purposes, but has its ugly consequences as well if the users have ill conceived notions and intentions. There are cases of ugly nature happening when people are compelled to watch immoral, obnoxious and uncivilised material and pictures posted intentionally by notorious and disgruntled elements or hackers intruding into accounts of others to derive pivotal informations clandestinely.

But there are intellectuals, social activists, journalists and people with ethics who rightfully use this important via media for exchange of healthy and intellectual views seeking and providing significant information good for one and all. There have been lots of positive incidents that have happened due to facebook like delivering a particular group of blood to the needy, financially helping poor and hapless patients, providing job opportunities to the needy and even helping people and women in distress. This pivotal via media has also helped bringing issues of burning nature to the knowledge of the authorities concerned and simultaneously getting them resolved. Important and sensitive issues such as that of Jessica Lal murder, diabolical murder of Amit Kataria, gang rape and brutal murder of Nirbhaya of Vasant Vihar and Nazafgarh and Kathua rape and horrendous murder of a girl child also acknowledged tremendous momentum nationally through this important social networking sites finally leading to capital punishment to the guilty human beasts and stringent amendments in the laws of the land to severely punish the perpetraters of gruesome crime.

Just two days ago a great job could be executed successfully through the publicity of a missing illeterate old woman of Uttarakhand in Delhi who could finally been restored back to her family. According to BM Upreti of a social organisation of Uttarakhand in Delhi, Uttarakhand Lok Manch an old women probably in her eighties, namely Bhagwati Devi of Kumaon, Uttarakhand who was living in Sagarpur, Delhi for the last two months disappeared after she left the house alongwith her grandson. Since she was illeterate and new in Delhi, was completely unaware about anything, the addressand locality. Not well versed in Hindi she could’nt explain anything about the family and the address.

However, she was left at the Sagarpur, police station by someone. But the police was unable to locate the family as the address and other details of the family was unknown. The volunteers of Uttarakhand Lok Manch Prithvi Rawat and Vijay Gosain put her picture in the Facebook with a message to help locate her family. The message and the picture became viral and finally the Lok Manch’s dedicated team was able to restore the old woman back to her son from the Old Age Home where she was given refuge with the help of police authorities and Uttarakhand Lok Manch. After the ordeal of ten hours and the best possible efforts of the police and volunteers of the Uttarakhand Lok Manch particularly Prithvi Rawat and Vijay Gosain, it was finally the facebook post with the picture of the old woman that she could be united with her son, daughter in law and her grandson who were not only badly worried having searched all the nook and corners of the city but were also apprenhesive of her being met with some accident or UNHONEE.

Thanks Facebook, police and the social organisation Lok Munch and Prithvi Rawat n Vijay Gosain for this marvellous job of reuniting the old woman with her son n family. Let’s imbibe the positive efforts of these young men and help people in distress in future.

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Kairana by poll significant to test BSP, SP’s political clout in UP after victories in Phulpur n Sitapur



The byelection in Kairana, Uttar Pradesh slated for May 28 is going to be the barometer of the popularity of prime minister Narendra Modi, the BJP as well as the Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Aditya Nath. It will on the other hand also test the relevance and significance of the anti BJP opposition front or alliance that is slowly but steadily taking final shape against the BJP and Modi, particularly in view of the 2019 general elections. It’s primarily again a litmus lest for the SP, BSP combine who are outrightly backing the RLD candidate in Kairana after having earlier scored victries in two bye elections

Though the byelections are also being held in Palaghat and two other parliamentary constituencies and 28 assembly seats in other states including Noorpur in UP but Kairana by poll is important because its the parliamentary seat of the largest state which brings 80 MPs in Lok Sabha and several law makers in the upper house and also impacts the national political scenerio of the country.

All would remember that the recent two by poll defeats of the ruling BJP and the victory of BSP supported SP candidates in Phulpur and Sitapur, the home turfs of the UP CM and deputy CM have tremendously denigrated the ruling party’s image and in a way led to the assumption that prime minister Modi and Amit Shah are losing their political clout consistently in view of the anti BJP opposition unity.

The Kairana seat has been vacated by the sitting BJP MP Hukum Singh’s untimely demise which was won by him by a huge margin of over five lakh votes defeating the Lok Dal candidate in 2014 after the riots that polarised the Jat and Gurjar votes to a huge extent.

The Kairana seat however had been the stronghold of the Rashtriya Lok Dal. The BJP has given the ticket to Hukum Singh’s daughter Mriganka Singh to cash on the sympathy vote and a one sided vote bank of the Gurjars who are about one lakh twenty five thiudand in number.

The RLD has allotted ticket to the muslim women candidate banking on the majority minority votes which are more than 5 lakhs, a sizeable chunk to decide the winning chances. Dalits votes too are about two lakhs in numbers and the Jat votes over 1.5 lakhs.

In all, there are 19 lakh votes in this constituency. After the successful example of the one sided victory of SP candidates in Phulpur and Sitapur defeating the BJP in the saffron vote bank turf of Yogi Adityanath, the Congress, BSP and SP have not fielded their candidates but have promised to support the RLD candidate of Choudhary Ajit Singh, who happens to be a women from the minority community.

The BJP is trying to capitalise on the majority vote bank already apprehensive of the minority votes likely to go in favour of Ajit Singh’s RLD candidate, the Dalits too may probably back the RLD in view of the BSP’s support to Chaudhary Ajit Singh.

Congress support may also help to an extent to derive votes of youths and other communities apart from minorities and the Dalits.

Sources reveal that the polarisation trend which helped Hukum Singh of BJP win this seat with a heavy margin in 2014 may perhaps not be the factor this time and the opposition unity minus BJP may work well in favour the the RLD candidate who is already having the advantage of the large chunk of minority vote bank.

The Jats and Gurjars who had inclined towards the BJP in view of the influence of the Hindu Muslim riots and played a pivotal role in the victory of the BJP candidate Hukum Singh may still be there but 25 to 30% of them may tilt this time in the favour of RLD and earlier mentor Ajit Singh whose prestige is actually at stake.

After the formation of the Congress JD(S) combine government in Karnataka and the credible victory in Phulpur and Sitapur by elections, the morale of the anti BJP opposition in the saffron ruled state seemed to be quite high, particularly after the involvement of the ruling BJP MLA in a rape and murder case in Unnao, grave unemployment and existing agrarian crisis in the state compounded with several other factors as the detetiorating law and order situation, false encounters and inflation of essential commodities.

The alleged communal hatred environment in the state and the country has also led to the consolidation of the minority vote bank to a huge extent, who are more than five lakhs and a major factor towards victory are bound to be an asset n a credible winning factor for the RLD candidate Tabbassum.

Since prime minister Narendra Modi usually avoids campaigning in the byelections it may also amount to a big loss to the BJP which is now left with the only alternative to bank on jat leaders like former minister Baliyan and the saffron robed chief minister Yogi Aditya Nath.
What’s your take, friends?

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Modi’s charisma and the anti BJP unity ! Which one will fructify ?



If the prime minister of India Narendra Modi is weighed or compared individually in terms of his charismatic leadership stature and eloquent speeches including his outstanding politcally manipulative abilities no leader, singularly, in the entire opposition leaders’ crowd matches as far as his highly enhanced popularity graph in the country is concerned despite some of the downsliding that has started gaining ground during the last one year.

It’s also a hard fact that prime minister Narendra Modi and the national BJP chief Amit Shah have after assuming power in 2014 over shadowed the entire gamut of party leadership giving an unambiguous impression that it’s only because of former’s political charisma that the BJP has secured power in 20 states of the country including having been credited for being the single largest party in Karnataka as well where Congress and JD(S) rode to power after forming a post poll alliance. As the 2019 general election are approaching near, the over ambitious non BJP opposition leaders are trying to establish the unity in diversity by alligning together undrr the common ideological formula of defeating the communal forces and working out the anti BJP opposition unity on secular credentials.

The recent victories in the Phoolpur, Gorakhpur, Alwar and other byelections in Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and Bihar where BJP was defeated badly and the formatin of the government in thesouthern state Karnataka on unity pattern between Congress and JD(S) has transmitted a new lease of life in the entire non BJP opposition parties who are otherwise scattered and see no chance of defeating Modi and BJP in case they do not unite on honest terms giving up their vested squeezed political interests.

The way after 2014’s resounding victory at the centre the charismatic Narendra Modi and subsequent saffronisation factor has resuted in an incessant winning spree in 20 states on the country with being the single largest party in Karnataka the anti BJP opposition had no option but to think earnestly on unity for 2019 and the Congress JD(S) in Karnataka paved the way for them to come together. The historical presence of almost all the anti BJP national and regional opposition parties in Bengaluru , except the conspicuous absence of Navin Patnaik of Orissa and Chandra Shekhar Rao of Telangana has proved beyond doubt that a nationalpolitical alternative is in the making for 2019 that can to a great extent create a dent to the BJP led NDA and if situation warranted even miracles can happen.

The recent prediction of the CSDS and Lokniti Mode of the Nation pre poll analysis also suggests heavy anti incumbency in the BJP ruled states like Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh going in favour of the Congress and more than half of the country’s minorities and Dalit’s not interested to give Narendra Modi and the ruling party another chance with reduction in 25% Modi fan following as well.

But despite all this prime minister still posseses an edge over his political rivals as a national leader of maximum liking. It’s however a universal fact that every gvernment in ruling invite anti incumbency during the next election but its actually not always as Congress ruled at the centre for ten years before losing power to Modi due to excessive corruption and Shiela Dikshit ruled Delhi for fifteen long years before losing to Arvind Kejrival.

Similarly the CPM ruled Bengal for 34 protracted years and The BJP is ruling in Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Chatisgarh for two three terms incessantly. It has been usually witnessed that after two terms the anti incumbency factor starts working usually.

Political analysts are of the unambiguous opinion that if Narendra Modi is compared individually with any individual leader of the opposition as of now, his stature and popularity stands too above them but if the entire anti BJP opposition transparently and meticulously unites against him and the saffron party at the regional as well as the national level earnestly forgetting their vested and squeezed interests the new anti BJP alliance can be definitely a formidable force posing him a direct credible challenge.

If we go by the performanceof the present regime, broadly speaking on theinflation front, petro products front, employment front, bringing back black money from foreign bank’s front, GDP front, communal harmony front, women safety front, GST n demonetisation front and on the front of over all infrastructural development there have been more dissatisfaction than appreciation though people of the country seem more impressed by BJP on saffronisation and majoritarianism which pays it handsomely in every election.

However, a hard fact also can’t be denied that Mamata Bannerjee of TMC, Mayawati of BSP and Rahul Gandhi of Congress consider them selves as front runners for the prime minister’s post against Narendra Modi. But whether any one of them would click against the politically invincible Modi is anybody’s guess or will the anti BJP opposition parties really unite to fight Modi’s unstopping juggernaut still remains to be seen.

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